Internal Factors and its Impact on Iranian Foreign Policy
PDF (English)

Słowa kluczowe

Foreign Policy
Supreme Leader

Jak cytować

FIEDLER, R. (2018). Internal Factors and its Impact on Iranian Foreign Policy. Przegląd Strategiczny, (11), 211–220.


The Islamic Republic of Iran has a political structure with co-shared and competitive activity in the field of foreign policy. There are two power centres the president and the supreme leader. Iranian political elite is composed of factions of the conservatives, moderates, pragmatists, and reformers. Each faction has influence on the course of Iranian foreign policy. The dominant faction, conservatives, has caused isolation and imposition of severe sanctions on Iran during Ahmadinejad’s presidency Although domestic sources of foreign policy reveals competition among different factions there is consensus in principal goals of Iranian foreign policy.
PDF (English)


Axworthy M. (2013), Revolutionary Iran, London.

Bahari M. (2009), Secret Poll Shows Voters Turn against Ahmadinejad, “Newsweek”, 15.06.2009.

Bowden M. (2006), Guests of the Ayatollah, “Atlantic Monthly Press”.

Brancati D. (2014), Democratic Authoritarianism: Origins and Effects, “Annual Review of Political Science”, Vol. 17.

Burnell P. (2006), Autocratic Opening to Democracy: Why Legitimacy Matters, “Third World Quarterly”, Vol. 27, Issue 4.

Ehteshami A., Zweiri M. (2008), Iran and the Rise of its Neoconservatives: The Politics of Tehran’s Silent Revolution, I.B. Tauris, London–New York.

Hassan Rouhani wins Iran presidential election (2013), BBC News, 15.06.2013, (2.02.2017).

Jafarzadeh A. (2007), The Iran Threat: President Ahmadinejad and the Coming Nuclear Crisis, New York.

Javanfekr A., Sherril C. (2014), Why Hassan Rouhani Won Iran’s 2013 Presidential Election, “Middle East Policy”, Vol. 64, No. 2, Summer.

Kaussler B. (2008), European Union Constructive Engagement with Iran (2000–2004): An Exercise in Conditional Human Rights Diplomacy, “Iranian Studies”, Issue 41, No. 3.

Khalili E. (2016), The Foreign Policy of Islamic Republic of Iran: Ideology and Pragmatism in Iran, “International Academic Journal of Social Sciences”, Vol. 3, No. 5.

Kapiszewski A. (2006), Iran’s 2005 Presidential Elections and Their Impact on the Republic’s Politics, in: Iranian Challenges, (ed.) W. Posch, Institute for Security Studies.

Mintz A., DeRouen K. (2010), Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making, Cambridge.

Mousavian S. H. (2017), Winning Iran’s Election Is Just The Beginning Of Rouhani’s Political Struggles, “New Perspectives Quarterly”, Vol. 34, Issue 3.

Nasr V. (2005), Iran’s Peculiar Election: The Conservative Wave Rolls On, “Journal of Democracy”, Vol. 16, Issue 4.

Osiewicz P. (2016), Ideological Determinants of the Current Saudi-Iranian Rivalry in the Middle East, “Przegląd Politologiczny”, Vol. 21, Issue 2.

Rakel E. P. (2007), Iranian Foreign Policy Since the Iranian Islamic Revolution: 1979–2006, “Perspectives on Global Development and Technology”, Vol. 6, No. 1–3.

Ramazani R K. (2004), Ideology and Pragmatism in Iran’s Foreign Policy, “Middle East Journal”, Vol. 58, No. 4.

Riefer-Flanagan B. A. (2013), Evolving Iran: An Introduction to Politics and Problems in the Islamic Republic, Washington.

Rosneau J. N. (1967), Domestic Sources of Foreign Policy, New York.

Stolarczyk M. (2001), Iran – państwo – religia, Warszawa.

Takeyh R. (2003), Iran’s Nuclear Calculations, “World Policy Journal”, Vol. 20, No. 2.

Takeyh R. (2007), Hidden Iran: Paradox and Power in the Islamic Republic, New York.

Thaler D. E., Nader A., Chubin S., Green J. D. (2010), The Nexus of Domestic Politics and Policymaking in Iran, RAND Corporation, Washington.