Терроризм и революция

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Vladimir GUTOROV
Aleksandr SHIRINYANTS

Abstrakt

The article is devoted to actual problems of the theoretical analysis of the revolutionary terrorism of the modern era. The paper considers the specific features of revolutionary terrorism in frames of a comparison of the historical experience of the French and Russian October Revolutions. In the course of a comparative analysis the authors assess critically the results of the interpretation of this experience in the general sociological theories of Michael Mann, Barrington Moore and Immanuel Wallerstein and political philosophy of Neo-Marxism (Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri, Roberto Mangabeira Unger, Terry Eagleton, Fredric Jameson). The article notes that the majority of explanatory macro-sociological models are limited to the «summing up» of the terrorist policy of the parties and States in the XVIII–XX centuries. The various aspects of the discussion around the very phenomenon of terrorism and the role of the state in its containment or, on the contrary, distribution are affected only indirectly, as the terror itself is reduced to the segment level of macro-processes and structures (more or less significant) that determine the evolution to an industrial and post-industrial type of society. The historical line of continuity between the different stages of the evolution of the political tradition of terror is treated in the macro-models very abstractly and often becomes barely visible. Analytical ideas of the philosophy of modern left-wing radicalism also suggest that the neo-Marxist ideologues in their analysis of modern terrorism are equally committed, in a certain respect, to the abstract philosophical constructs, as well as the scientists oriented to macro-theoretical paradigms of modern sociology and academic Marxism with all their characteristic undoubted advantages and unavoidable aberrations.

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Jak cytować
GUTOROV, V., & SHIRINYANTS, A. (2018). Терроризм и революция. Przegląd Strategiczny, (11), 235-248. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2018.1.17
Dział
TERRORISM AND ANTI-TERRORISM
Biogramy autorów

Vladimir GUTOROV, Sankt-Petersburg State University

Dr.of Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Head of Department of Theory and Philosophy of Politics, Faculty of Political Science, Saint Petersburg State University, Russia, Head of Saint-Petersburg department of the Russian Association of Political Science (RAPS). Teaching experience: courses of the history of Western political thought (3 semesters), political philosophy (1 semester), modern political ideologies (1 semester), modern political theories (1 semester). Scientific interests: modern political theory and philosophy of politics, philosophy of education, history of ancient and modern political thought.

Aleksandr SHIRINYANTS, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Dr. Pol. Sci., Professor, Head of Department of History of Social and Political Doctrines, Faculty of Political Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia. Teaching experience: courses of the history of socio-political doctrines of Russia (2 semesters), the methodology of historical and political studies (1 semester), and the others. Scientific interests: the history of socio-political thought, the political culture of the Russian intelligentsia of XIX-XX centuries, the methodology of historical research, textual criticism.

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