Mega-regionalna umowa o wolnym handlu jako sprzeciw wobec protekcjonizmu handlowemu na przykładzie umowy o wolnym handlu między UE i Japonią

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Sang-Chul Park

Abstrakt

Pytania badawcze omawiane w tym artykule dotyczą tego, czy umowa o wolnym handlu UE z Japonią może być rozwiązaniem korzystnym dla obu stron, czy też wygrana jednej strony oznacza przegraną drugiej, a także analizuje powody, dla których obie strony zawierają umowę o wolnym handlu i które gałęzie przemysłu w obu krajach mogą na niej najwięcej skorzystać. Ostatnią kwestią jest to, jak oszacować wpływ tego porozumienia na globalną gospodarkę. Teza artykułu głosi, że umowa o wolnym handlu może zmniejszyć protekcjonizm handlowy i w długoterminowej perspektywie przynieść stronom dynamicznej grupy handlowej większe korzyści gospodarcze niż protekcjonizm. Metodologia badań polega na wykorzystaniu analizy przekrojowej w oparciu o dane statystyczne i zebrane informacje, a także analizę polityki handlowej. Dodatkowo zastosowano krytyczną analizę literatury i analizę wnioskowania. W wyniku badań stwierdzono, że umowa o wolnym handlu pomiędzy UE i Japonią może generować dodatkowy wzrost PKB na poziomie około 0,76 procent w UE i około 0,29 w Japonii rocznie przez następne dziesięć lat. Ponadto tworzy nowe miejsca pracy dla obu stron. Chociaż umowa o wolnym handlu UE z Japonią może spowodować pewne straty, szczególnie w gospodarkach Azji Wschodniej, takich jak Korea Południowa, Chiny i Tajwan, ich łączna kwota jest szacowana na bardzo niskim poziomie. W globalnej gospodarce umowa o wolnym handlu UE z Japonią może generować znacznie większe zyski niż straty. Oznacza to, że jeśli umowa ta wejdzie w życie będzie korzystna nie tylko dla jej sygnatariuszy – UE i Japonii – ale także dla całej gospodarki światowej.

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Park, S.-C. (2019). Mega-regionalna umowa o wolnym handlu jako sprzeciw wobec protekcjonizmu handlowemu na przykładzie umowy o wolnym handlu między UE i Japonią. Przegląd Strategiczny, (12), 249-270. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2019.1.16
Dział
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SECURITY
Biogram autora

Sang-Chul Park, Graduate School of Knowledge Based Technology and Energy, Korea Polytechnic University

Sang-Chul PARK – currently a Full Professor at Graduate School of Knowledge based Technology and Energy, Korea Polytechnic University and Adjunct Professor at Center for Science-based Entrepreneurship, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South Korea. He was also a Private Dozent at Justus Liebig University in Giessen, Germany and Visiting Professor at Gothenburg University, Sweden. He served as an Associate Professor at Gothenburg University, Sweden from 2001 to 2003 and as an Associate Professor at Okayama University, Japan from 2003 to 2006. He also stayed as a Full Visiting Professor at Fudan University, China in Sep. 2014 and as a Senior Visiting Scholar at Asian Development Bank Institute, Japan in Oct. 2014. Moreover, he served as a Full Visiting Professor at Utara University Malaysia (UUM) from Aug. 2013 to Aug. 2014. Since 2016 he serves as a Full Visiting Professor at Maria Curie Sklodowska University (UMCS) in Poland. His research interests concern industrial policy and regional development and study on innovation systems and on science parks and innovative clusters in particular. Currently his research areas are expanded toward energy policy, sustainable development strategy, high technology ventures and international business and trade.

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