History Repeats Itself. The Issue of Terrorism and Afghanistan on the Twentieth Anniversary of the 9/11 Attacks

Main Article Content

Sebastian Wojciechowski

Abstrakt

From the editor

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Wojciechowski, S. (2021). History Repeats Itself. The Issue of Terrorism and Afghanistan on the Twentieth Anniversary of the 9/11 Attacks. Przegląd Strategiczny, (14), 9-22. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2021.1.1
Dział
From the editor
Biogram autora

Sebastian Wojciechowski, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza

Redaktor Naczelny

Bibliografia

  1. .1,500 ISIS fighters returned to the EU from the Middle East by the beginning of 2018, see: https://wiadomosci.dziennik.pl/swiat/artykuly/600807,hiszpania-isis-raport-bojownicy-ue.html.
  2. Ahmady A. (2021), Why Afghanistan Fell An Insider’s Account of What Went Wrong, “Foreign Affairs”, 11 October, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/afghanistan/2021-10-11/why-afghanistan-fell.
  3. Country Reports on Terrorism 2019, https://www.state.gov/reports/country-reports-on-terrorism-2019/.
  4. European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2019, https://www.europol.europa.eu/activities-services/main-reports/european-union-terrorism-situation-and-trend-report-2019-tesat.
  5. European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2020, https://www.europol.europa.eu/activities-services/main-reports/european-union-terrorism-situation-and-trend-report-2020-tesat.
  6. European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2021, https://www.europol.europa.eu/activities-services/main-reports/european-union-terrorism-situation-and-trend-report-2021-tesat.
  7. Factbox: What are Afghanistan’s untapped minerals and resources?, https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/what-are-afghanistans-untapped-minerals-resources-2021-08-19/.
  8. Greer S., Brexit and counter terrorism in the UK, https://legalresearch.blogs.bris.ac.uk/2019/09/brexit-and-counter-terrorism-in-the-uk/.
  9. ISAF’s mission in Afghanistan (2001–2014) (Archived), https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69366.htm.
  10. Jones S. (2010), In the Graveyard of Empires. America’s War in Afghanistan, New York.
  11. Junge Freiheit, https://jungefreiheit.de/politik/deutschland/2021/jeder-zweite-islamistische-attentaeter-in-deutschland-ist-fluechtling/.
  12. Legieć A. (2020), Wpływ pandemii COVID-19 na zagrożenie terrorystyczne w UE, PISM, https://www.pism.pl/publikacje/Wplyw_pandemii_COVID19__na_zagrozenie_terrorystyczne_w_UE.
  13. Lubin A. (2021), Never-Ending War on Terror, University of California Press 2021; Since 9/11, the “war on terror” has been central to U.S. policy, “Foreign Affairs”, vol. 100, no. 5.
  14. McCants W. (2015), The ISIS Apocalypse: The History, Strategy, and Doomsday Vision of the Islamic State, St. Martin’s Press.
  15. Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan (2015–2021), https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_113694.htm.
  16. Routledge Handbook of Terrorism and Counterterrorism (2019), (ed.) A. Sillke, London–New York.
  17. Terrorism in the EU: Terror attacks, deaths and arrests in 2019, https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2020/07/16/terrorism-in-the-eu-terror-attacks-deaths-and-arrests-in-2019/.
  18. The Global Terrorism Database (GTD), The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), https://start.umd.edu/gtd/about/.
  19. The War is Worth Waging: Afghanistan’s Vast Reserves of Minerals and Natural Gas, https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-war-is-worth-waging-afghanistan-s-vast-reserves-of-minerals-and-natural-gas/19769.
  20. UNODC Afghanistan Opium Survey 2020 Cultivation and Production ‒ Executive Summar, April 2021, Microsoft Word – 20210628_AOS 2020 cult prod working.docx (unodc.org).
  21. Watson Institute, 20 Years of War, https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/files/cow/imce/papers/2021/Costs%20of%20War_Direct%20War%20Deaths_9.1.21.pdf.
  22. Wejkszner A. (2016), Państwo Islamskie. Narodziny nowego kalifatu?, Warszawa.
  23. Wejkszner A. (2017), Globalna sieć Al-Kaidy, Nowe państwo islamskie?, Warszawa.
  24. Wejkszner A. (2018), Samotne wilki kalifatu? Państwo Islamskie i indywidualny terroryzm dżihadystyczny w Europie Zachodniej, Warszawa.
  25. Williams P. (2002), Al Qaeda: Brotherhood of Terror, Alpha.
  26. Wojciechowski S. (2013), The Hybridity of Terrorism. Understanding Contemporary Terrorism, Berlin.
  27. Wojciechowski S. (2017), Reasons of Contemporary Terrorism. An Analysis of Main Determinants, in: Radicalism and Terrorism in the 21st Century, (eds.) A. Sroka, F. Castro-Rial Garrone, R. Torres Kumbrian, Frankfurt am Main.
  28. Wojciechowski S., Osiewicz P. (2017), Zrozumieć współczesny terroryzm. Wybrane aspekty fenomenu, Warszawa.