Przewlekła teoria konfliktu społecznego i czynniki samookreślenia Edwarda Azara: przypadek Nigerii

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Najimdeen Bakare

Abstrakt

Niebawem po tym jak Nigeria uzyskała niepodległość, 1.10.1960 r., państwo to musiało zmierzyć się z nowymi realiami, potęgowanymi kolonialną przeszłością oraz sporami pomiędzy licznymi mniejszościami religijno-etnicznymi. Efektem była m.in. wojna domowa, która wybuchła w 1967 r. Od samych początków swej państwowości Nigeria eksperymentowała z różnymi formami rządów, którym udało się wprowadzić kraj na tory umiarkowanego rozwoju ekonomicznego. Niestety państwo to wciąż zmaga się z ruchami separatystycznymi nawołującymi do secesji poszczególnych prowincji państwa, np. Biafra, Oduduwa, czy Ruch na rzecz wyzwolenia delty Nigru. Artykuł ten ma na celu m.in. omówienie literatury przedmiotu oraz analizę wspomnianych ruchów separatystycznych ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem ich działal ności agitacyjnej. Podstawę metodologiczną dla autora stanowi teoria przewlekłego konfliktu Edward Azara. Zdaniem autora nigeryjski system polityczny zamiast opierać się na realizacji prawa do samostanowienia poszczególnych grup etnicznych wchodzących w skład Nigerii lub podziałach terytorialnych prowadzących do dezintegracji państwa, powinien powrócić do modelu opartego o regionalizację. Zakłada on autonomię regionów, które współpracując ze sobą w ramach jednego organizmu państwowego potrafiłyby w znacznie efektywniejszy sposób realizować swoje potrzeby, zarówno na poziomie poszczególnych grup etnicznych, jak też i na poziomie jednostki ludzkiej.

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Bakare, N. (2021). Przewlekła teoria konfliktu społecznego i czynniki samookreślenia Edwarda Azara: przypadek Nigerii. Przegląd Strategiczny, (14), 313-328. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2021.1.18
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TERRITORIAL ASPECTS OF SECURITY
Biogram autora

Najimdeen Bakare, Centre for International Peace and Stability – NUST University Islamabad

Najimdeen BAKARE – holds a doctorate degree in Politics and International Relations and currently teaching at the Centre for International Peace and Stability (CIPS) National University of Sciences and Technology Islamabad. Among other areas, he specialises on the theory of international relations.

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