Bezpieczeństwo państwa w świetle teorii dóbr publicznych

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Jolanta Bryła

Abstrakt

Artykuł stanowi próbę zastosowania teorii dóbr publicznych, zapożyczonej z ekonomii, do analizy bezpieczeństwa państwa jako podmiotu stosunków międzynarodowych i jako gwaranta bezpieczeństwa żyjących w nim ludzi. Zmiana charakteru wielu zagrożeń z państwowych na niepaństwowe wpływa na cechy bezpieczeństwa jako dobra i każe też zadać pytanie o relację między bezpieczeństwem obu rodzajów podmiotów (państwa i ludzi/obywateli). Celem jest ustalenie, jakiego rodzaju dobrem (publicznym, prywatnym, klubowym, wspólnym) jest, lub może być, bezpieczeństwo w każdym z tych przypadków i czy zasadny jest pogląd, że bezpieczeństwo jest dobrem publicznym. Klasyczne definiowanie bezpieczeństwa jako dobra publicznego przestaje być wystarczające w świetle realiów i nie zawsze znajduje uzasadnienie w codziennej praktyce, na każdym poziomie (jednostkowym, narodowym, międzynarodowym) i w każdym sektorze (dziedzinie).

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Bryła, J. (2013). Bezpieczeństwo państwa w świetle teorii dóbr publicznych. Przegląd Strategiczny, (1), 13-38. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2013.1.2
Dział
Teoria bezpieczeństwa - Kultura bezpieczeństwa

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