Danzig am Mittelmeer. Die Bronzeskulptur des Neptunbrunnens – Ikonographie, Bilderfindung und Bedeutung
The bronze statue of Neptune (around 1615–20) in the Long Market (Długi
Targ) in Gdańsk unifies two opposed antique prototypes, a contrapposto
figure which shows the god Neptune peacefully resting, and a dynamic figure
applying the trident, his weapon, in combat. The new combination represents
mimetically the changeable nature of the god’ s liquid sphere, the sea.
In its artistic invention the statue manifests such an exact knowledge and
familiarity with the study of antiquity and the artistic methods from Michelangelo
Buonarroti until to Giambologna (Jean Boulogne, 1529– 1608), that
we have to look for the artist among those trained in sixteenth Century Florence.
Among the works of the Dutch Hubert Gerhard (1550– 1620), trained
until to 1581 in Florence in the circle of Giambologna and later active in
Augsburg and Munich as a leading Northern Mannerist artist, the Archangel
Vanquishing Lucifer (1588) at the facade of St Michael’s Church (M unich)
comes most close to the movement expressed in the Gdańsk Ne ptune.
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Artium Quaestiones: ISSN: 0239-202X