Culture and transcendence

Main Article Content

Eero Tarasti

Abstrakt

Culture can be approached from an existential semiotic point of view in many ways. The following results can be then obtained: The new notion which the Existential semiotic theory of culture (ESC) tries to launch is transcendence. The ESC theory is an attempt to see and analyse issues from the inside, using a model called Zemic which refers to four modes of Being. It deals with agency like any cultural theory, but now behind the theory is the idea of a subject as a transcendental ego, who is capable of pursuing acts, making choices and enjoying freedom. The theory of ESC can be tested by empirical cases of cultural life and history such as studies in cultural heritage. The theory is non deterministic. There is “linguistic turn” in the sense that a new metalanguage is elaborated to deal with transcultural, supra-rational and metacultural issues. Formal language is used to some extent, stemming from the semiotic square, deontic logic and the grammar of modalities. The proper philosophical style is that of the continental and speculative theory, yet the ESC theory is not any regress in the history of philosophy. ESC theory is non-reductionist, i.e. it emphasizes the phenomena as such.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Dział
Articles

Referencje

  1. Barker, Chris. Cultural Studies. Theory & Practice. Los Angeles, London etc: Sage, 2008.
  2. Benedict, Ruth. Kulttuurin muodot. Translated by Kai Kaila. Helsinki: Porvoo, 1951.
  3. Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated and foreword by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press, 1987.
  4. Espagne, Michel. Les transferts culturels franco-allemands. Paris: PUF, 1999.
  5. Foucault, Michel. The Order o f Things. An Archaeology o f the Human Sciences. London: Tavistock Publications, 1970.
  6. Hàmeen-Anttila, Jaakko. Jumalastajuopuneet. Islamin mystiikan kasikirja. Helsinki: Basam Books, 2002.
  7. Kuronen, Tuomas. Ritual in Constructing Strategic Leaderahip Mythologies. Doctoral dissertation. Helsinki: Aalto University, 2011.
  8. Lévi-Strauss, Claude. Les structures élémentaires de la parenté. Paris: PUF, 1949.
  9. Mbarga, Jean-Claude. L’essence du camerounais. Théories et critiqe. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2012.
  10. Münster, Arno. Le principe dialogique. De la réflexion monologique vers la pro-flexion intersubjective. Paris: Kimé, 1997.
  11. Ryan, Micheál. Cultural Studies. A Practical Introduction. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
  12. Sartre, Jean Paul. La transcendance de l’ego. Esquisse d’une description phenomenologique. Paris: J. Vrin, 2003.
  13. Schütz, Alfred. Der sinnhafte Aufbau der sozialen Welt. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1993.
  14. Schütz, Alfred. Strukturen der Lebenswelt. Band I. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1994.
  15. Scruton, Roger. Modern Culture. London: Continuum, 2005.
  16. Spengler, Oswald. Lansimaiden perikato. Maailmanhistorian morfologian ààriviivoja. Translated by Yrjô Massa. Helsinki: Kiijayhtyma, 1961.
  17. Tarasti, Eero. Existential Semiotics. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2000.
  18. Tarasti, Eero. Fondements de la sémiotique existentielle. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2009.
  19. Tarasti, Eero. “Existential Semiotics in Culture and Psychology.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of Culture and Psychology. Edited by Jaan Valsiner. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  20. Tarasti, Eero. Sein und Schein. Explorations in Existential Semiotics. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2014 (forthcoming).
  21. Tarasti, Eero. Semiotics o f Classical Music: How Mozart, Brahms and Wagner Talk to Us (Berlin - Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2012).
  22. Valsiner, Jaan. Culture in Minds and Societies. Foundations o f Cultural Psychology. Los Angeles, London etc.: Sage, 2007.
  23. von Wright, Georg Henrik. Norm and Action. A Logical Inquiry. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963.
  24. Zarcone, Thierry. Le soufisme. Voie mystique de l’islam. Paris: Gallimard, 2009.