Współpraca handlowa w świetle sił modyfikujących współczesny biznes międzynarodowy
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Słowa kluczowe

polityka handlu zagranicznego
wybór publiczny
liberalizm
protekcjonizm
reżimy autorytarne
bilateralizm

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Puślecki, Z. W. (2021). Współpraca handlowa w świetle sił modyfikujących współczesny biznes międzynarodowy. Przegląd Politologiczny, (4), 5–36. https://doi.org/10.14746/pp.2021.26.4.1

Abstrakt

W tej pracy badawczej, autor koncentruje się na analizie współpracy handlowej w świetle sił, które są obecnie re-shaping międzynarodowego biznesu. Zgodnie z teorią polityki handlu zagranicznego dalsza liberalizacja handlu i ulepszone polityki ramowe zwiększyłyby handel i promowałyby wzrost. Należy podkreślić, że otwartość na handel wiąże się z wyższymi dochodami i wzrostem, dlatego też istnieje potrzeba nowych podejść do współpracy handlowej. Tym, co wskazuje na znaczenie i innowacyjność badań, jest przedstawienie nowych modeli polityki handlu zagranicznego i interesów handlowych. Należy przede wszystkim podkreślić, że w nowych ujęciach teoretycznych w zapotrzebowaniu na politykę handlową bardzo ważne są czynniki specyficzne. Niska specyficzność czynników oznacza, że zwroty czynników są wyrównywane przez gospodarkę regionu. Z drugiej strony niektóre czynniki utknęły w swoich dotychczasowych zastosowaniach, dlatego w takim przypadku zwroty czynników produkcji nie są wyrównywane przez gospodarkę regionu, ale są specyficzne dla danego przemysłu. Głównym celem zadania badawczego jest wszechstronna analiza aktualnych tendencji w teorii i polityce handlu zagranicznego, a w szczególności modeli polityki handlu zagranicznego, interesów handlowych określanych przez orientację eksportową i wrażliwość importową, polityki handlu zagranicznego w różnych typach reżimów autorytarnych, presji protekcjonistycznych w różnych systemach politycznych, poziomu presji protekcjonistycznych, zróżnicowania polityki handlu zagranicznego między państwami, liberalizacji polityki handlu zagranicznego Chin i jej skutków, tendencji do liberalizacji handlu międzynarodowego i problemu ochrony środowiska oraz tendencji do bilateralizmu w polityce handlu zagranicznego. Należy podkreślić, że wolny handel sam w sobie nie jest odpowiedzialny za wzrost gospodarczy, ważniejsze są natomiast czynniki decydujące o stabilności makroekonomicznej oraz zwiększające inwestycje.

https://doi.org/10.14746/pp.2021.26.4.1
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