RODZAJ KONFLIKTU CZY UMIEJĘTNOŚCI MEDIATORA? W POSZUKIWANIU CZYNNIKÓW WPŁYWAJĄCYCH NA SUKCES ROZWIĄZYWANIA KONFLIKTÓW WEWNĘTRZNYCH

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Paulina Pospieszna
Gerald Schneider

Abstrakt

Literatura przedmiotu dotycząca działań mających na celu zapobieganie konfliktom oferuje dwa wyjaśnienia dlaczego ocena wpływu stron trzecich w zakresie zarządzania kryzysowego i rozwiązywania konfliktów poprzez mediacje tak bardzo różni się. Pierwsze wyjaśnienie uzależnia pozytywny wynik mediacji w wojnach domowych od specyficznych cech konfliktu, natomiast drugie wyjaśnienie od umiejętności i doświadczenia mediatora oraz od strategii mediacji zastosowanych w procesie rozwiązywania konfliktu pomiędzy stronami. Celem badań jest ustalenie jakie czynniki w przedstawionych podejściach mają decydujący wpływ na to, że niektóre wysiłki mediatorów kończą się sukcesem a niektóre nie. Badania zostały przeprowadzone na próbie 581 mediacji w wojnach domowych w latach 1945–2004 i potwierdziły nasze założenia dotyczące strategii mediacji. Analiza pokazuje, że mediatorzy, którzy przejmują inicjatywę i sugerują rozwiązania (directive mediation strategies), odnoszą większy sukces w rozwiązaniu konfliktu niż mediatorzy którzy stosują mediacje facylitatywne.

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Pospieszna, P., & Schneider, G. (2017). RODZAJ KONFLIKTU CZY UMIEJĘTNOŚCI MEDIATORA? W POSZUKIWANIU CZYNNIKÓW WPŁYWAJĄCYCH NA SUKCES ROZWIĄZYWANIA KONFLIKTÓW WEWNĘTRZNYCH. Przegląd Strategiczny, (10), 133-156. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2017.1.7
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Bezpieczeństwo w wymiarze międzynarodowym i wewnętrznym
Biogramy autorów

Paulina Pospieszna, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

is an Assistant Professor of political science at the Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań, Poland. She received her Ph.D. (2010) in Political Science from the University of Alabama and worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Konstanz and University of Mannheim, Germany. Her main research interest is thirdparty mediation in civil wars, post-conflict peace building, democracy assistance, civil society organizations, youth and women empowerment, and impact evaluations through randomized controlled trials. She has published articles in Democratization, Public Administration and Development, Journal of Peace Research, Problems of Post-Communism, amongst others. She was a member of COST Action European Network of Conflict Research (ENCoRe).

Gerald Schneider, University of Konstanz

is Professor of International Politics at the University of Konstanz, Executive Editor of “European Union Politics”, and co-Editor of “International Interactions”. His main areas of research are European Union decision-making, conflict management, armed violence, the international political economy of financial markets, and applied bargaining theory. He has published around 150 articles and chapters, and is a past President of the European Political Science Association and past Vice President of the International Studies Association.

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