„Środki aktywne” stosowane przez ZSRR przeciwko USA: stare zagrywki Sowietów w nowej rzeczywistości geopolitycznej

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Dmytro Dubov
Anastasiia Barovska
Iryna Koretska

Abstrakt

Rozwój i rozpowszechnianie rosyjskiej propagandy stało się w ostatnich latach poważnym zagrożeniem. Rosyjskie wysiłki nie są jednak niczym nowym i opierają się na stosowanych w przeszłości tak zwanych „środkach aktywnych”. Problem z wykryciem i przeciwdziałaniem „środkom aktywnym” polega przede wszystkim na braku powszechnie przyjętej definicji tego terminu. Dlatego autorzy poruszyli szczególny problem definicji „środków aktywnych”. Stwierdzili, że wszystkie „środki aktywne” podporządkowano jednej politycznej idei strategicznej realizowanej różnymi metodami. Autorzy są przekonani, że klasyfikacja aktualnie stosowanych „środków aktywnych” powinna opierać się na wykrytych metodach. W celu identyfikacji tych metod zastosowano schemat „środków aktywnych” zaproponowany przez S. K. Whittle’a. Schemat ten równocześnie uzupełniono i wskazano stosowne przypadki różnych metod stosowania „środków aktywnych”. Podjęto również próbę porównania metod stosowania „środków aktywnych” z aktualnymi aspektami wojny hybrydowej Federacji Rosyjskiej, zwłaszcza na Ukrainie.

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Dubov, D., Barovska, A., & Koretska, I. (2020). „Środki aktywne” stosowane przez ZSRR przeciwko USA: stare zagrywki Sowietów w nowej rzeczywistości geopolitycznej. Przegląd Strategiczny, (13), 21-41. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2020.1.2
Dział
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
Biogramy autorów

Dmytro Dubov, The National Institute for Strategic Studies, Kiyv, Ukraine

Dmytro DUBOV – PhD Habil. in Political Sciences (National Security), Senior Fellow; Head of department of information security and cybersecurity center for security studies National Institute for Strategic Studies, Ukraine. The author/co-author of two monographs (in sphere cyber security and post-human development) and more than 50 academic articles. Scientific interests: cyber security, PSYOP, mass media, influence operation, development of information society, state information policy, strategic communications.

Anastasiia Barovska, The National Institute for Strategic Studies, Kiyv, Ukraine

Anastasiia BAROVSKA – PhD in Public Administration; Deputy head of department of information security and cybersecurity center for security studies National Institute For Strategic Studies, Ukraine. Co-author of two monographs (on hybrid war and strategic communications) and more than 20 academic papers. Research interests cover a range of issues: communication, government communication policy, government information policy, information and digital rights, democracy (vulnerability and protection), influence operation.

Iryna Koretska, The National Institute for Strategic Studies, Kiyv, Ukraine

Iryna KORETSKA – head of department of publishing in National Institute for Strategic Studies in Kiyv, Ukraine. The co-author of several analytical materials (in public policy field) and more than 20 articles and conference proceeds (public communication, government communication, etc.). Scientific interests: mass media, government communication, fakes and disinformation, influence operations, the freedom of the Internet.

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