Stosunki Unii Europejskiej z Afryką: w kierunku nowej, kompleksowej strategii z Afryką. Między Scyllą a Charybdą

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Wojciech Forysiński
Achiri Emmanuel

Abstrakt

Unia Europejska ma długą historię stosunków i strategicznego partnerstwa z Afryką. Dziś jednak stosunki Unii Europejskiej z Afryką są na rozdrożu, a ich partnerstwo musi ulec głębokiej i szybkiej transformacji. Aby właściwie zbadać ten problem badawczy i odpowiedzieć na pytania badawcze dotyczące przyszłości partnerstwa Unii Europejskiej z Afryką, artykuł dowodzi, że nadszedł czas na jego zmianę i redefinicję. Głównym celem tego artykułu jest identyfikacja nadrzędnych ram nowego partnerstwa UE z Afryką, analiza jego elementów konstytutywnych, złożonego charakteru i zakresu, aktorów, podstaw prawnych, i pozycji negocjacyjnych stron nowego partnerstwa. Badania prowadzono z wykorzystaniem wielu metod badawczych, przede wszystkim analizy tekstowej źródeł podstawowych – dokumentów regulujących stosunki UE z Afryką, literatury, analizy dokumentalnej, a także analizy porównawczej, kontekstualnej i historycznej. Trudności przed jakimi stoją negocjatorzy Unii Europejskiej i ich afrykańscy partnerzy, których oczekiwania są często dramatycznie rozbieżne, rodzą ciekawość i refleksję na temat nowego partnerstwa. Autorzy wychodzą z założenia, że partnerstwo Unii Europejskiej z Afryką jest procesem i nie stoi w miejscu. Jest to proces coraz ściślejszego związku, który stopniowo przekształcił się w kompleksowy system instrumentów i instytucji i podzielił się na dwa równoległe partnerstwa – partnerstwo Unii Europejskiej z państwami Afryki, Karaibów i Pacyfiku i partnerstwo Unii Europejskiej z Unią Afrykańską. Oba te partnerstwa są dzisiaj przedmiotem ponownych negocjacji, a prawdopodobieństwo pomyślnego zakończenia negocjacji do końca 2020 roku pozostaje zdaniem autorów pod znakiem zapytania. Niemniej jednak naszym ogólnym wnioskiem i prognozą jest, że partnerstwo Unii Europejskiej z Afryką zostanie wzmocnione i zbliży się o krok do zintegrowanego, kompleksowego partnerstwa i skutecznych ram dla stosunków Unii Europejskiej z Unią Afrykańską.

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Jak cytować
Forysiński, W., & Emmanuel, A. (2020). Stosunki Unii Europejskiej z Afryką: w kierunku nowej, kompleksowej strategii z Afryką. Między Scyllą a Charybdą. Przegląd Strategiczny, (13), 61-78. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2020.1.4
Dział
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
Biogramy autorów

Wojciech Forysiński, Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus

Wojciech FORYSINSKI – Associate Professor, Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus, Department of Political Science and International Relations. He received his LLM and LLD degrees from the Faculty of Law of the University of Warsaw, Poland, and a Diploma in International Law and Development from the Institute of Social Studies in the Hague, the Netherlands. His previous posts include: Assistant Professor, Institute of International Law, University of Warsaw, Poland; Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. He has published on international organisations, settlement of international disputes, including the Cyprus problem, enlargement and external relations of the European Union, juridical diversity of states and fragmentation of international law. Currently, his research interests focus on Africa in international Law. He is a member of the American Society of International Law and the European Association of Contemporary European Studies.

Achiri Emmanuel, Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus

Achiri EMMANUEL – is a PhD candidate of International Relations at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus. He is currently writing his dissertation which is a critique on the ‘voluntariness’ of repatriation of refugees. He is also the co-founder and President of the largest NGO in North Cyprus; VOIS Cyprus (Voices of International Students in Cyprus).

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