Stosunki turecko – amerykańskie w kontekście konfliktu w Syrii: od współpracy do konfrontacji

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Nezir AKYEŞILMEN
Vanessa Tinker
Mohammed Ishmeal

Abstrakt

Turcja i Stany Zjednoczone są partnerami strategicznymi od ponad siedemdziesięciu lat. Wzajemne stosunki nie zawsze przebiegały jednak bezkonfliktowo i sporadycznie dochodziło do przejściowych kryzysów dwustronnych. Mimo wyzwań, obaj sojusznicy z NATO – Stany Zjednoczone i Turcja – od lat potwierdzają swoje zaangażowanie we współpracę jako „partnerzy strategiczni”. Jednak wskutek narastającego kryzysu syryjskiego stosunki między sojusznikami osiągnęły bezprecedensowo niski poziom. Niniejsze studium analizuje stosunki między Turcją a Stanami Zjednoczonymi w kontekście trwającego w Syrii konfliktu z zastosowaniem metody analizy konfliktu. W jej ramach analizujemy tło historyczne, określamy pierwotne przyczyny kryzysu i przeprowadzamy analizę aktorów. Na podstawie swoich ustaleń przedstawiamy zalecenia dotyczące polityki mającej na celu de-eskalację i przekształcenie obecnego kryzysu w stosunkach USA-Turcja w sposób pozwalający przywrócić wzajemne zaufanie, ale także znaleźć nowe sposoby współpracy w charakterze strategicznych partnerów

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AKYEŞILMEN, N., Tinker, V., & Ishmeal, M. (2020). Stosunki turecko – amerykańskie w kontekście konfliktu w Syrii: od współpracy do konfrontacji. Przegląd Strategiczny, (13), 79-96. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2020.1.5
Dział
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
Biogramy autorów

Nezir AKYEŞILMEN, Selcuk University, Turkey

Nezir AKYEŞİLMEN – Professor of International Relations, Human Rights, International Conflict Analysis, Cyberpolitics and Cybersecurity. He works for Department of International Relations at Selcuk Universty, Konya-Turkey. He chaired Centre for Peace Research at Selçuk Univetsity and still chairing Association for Human Rights Education in Turkey. He is the author of books Talking Peace: Conflict Management in Theory and Practice (METU Publications, Ankara 2009) and Cyberpolitics and Cybersecurity with Interdisciplinary Apprcach (Orion Publication, Ankara 2018). He is also the editor-in-Chief of Cyberpolitik Journal. Follow him on Twitter @nezmen.

Vanessa Tinker, Collegium Civitas, Warsaw

Vanessa TINKER – PhD, has over ten years of international experience as a researcher, teacher, trainer, coordinator and manager of peace and education programs in Asia Minor, the Balkans, Europe, UK, and USA. She graduated from San Diego State University in San Diego (MA) and Franklin University in Switzerland (BA). In 2013 she received her PhD in International Conflict Analysis at the University of Kent in Canterbury, England. Her research interests and areas of expertise include the inclusion of youth in peacebuilding initiatives, use of project-based learning in peace studies programs, integration of peace education in conflict-sensitive environments, methods of conflict transformation, and gender mainstreaming in peace processes. In 2019 she joined Collegium Civitas as a lecturer for the MA International Peace and Conflict Studies program. Before joining Collegium Civitas, she was the Program Coordinator and Assistant Professor of the MA Peace and Conflict Studies at the Social Sciences University of Ankara (ASBÜ) from 2015–2019. In 2017 she served as the Project Manager on behalf of ASBÜ and in collaboration with International Organization for Migration (IOM) for the “Executive Training Certificate on Psychosocial Support and Conflict Transformation” that ran for six months consisting of twenty Syrian and fifteen Turkish humanitarian workers. Some of her most recent publications relating to peace studies include: Education for Peace: The Politics of Adopting and Mainstreaming Peace Education Programs in a Post-Conflict Setting (Academica Press 2015) and Peace Education as a Post-Conflict Peace-Building Tool, “All Azimuth”, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2016), pp. 27–42.

Mohammed Ishmeal, Selcuk University, Turkey

Mohammed ISHMEAL – PhD Candidate in Selcuk University at the Department of International Relation, Konya, Turkey. His special area of interest expound on issues of international relations theory, african studies, foreign policy, cyberspace, democracy, conflict resolution and development. His current research works are on globalization and international relations, philosophizing the cyber-man in classical theory of international relations, fake news and democratic challenges and social contract in the digital age of cyberspace.

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