Decentralizacja vs centralizacja. Scenariusze rozwoju regionalnego Ukrainy w kontekście zapewnienia stabilności wewnętrznej

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Yuliia Uzun
Svetlana Koch

Abstrakt

Celem badania jest analiza scenariuszy rozwoju polityki regionalnej na Ukrainie w obliczu sprzeciwu wobec trendów decentralizacji i centralizacji. Głównym problemem jest ustalenie strukturalnej kompletności reformy decentralizacji na Ukrainie, która powinna obejmować wdrożenie decentralizacji administracyjno-terytorialnej, budżetowej i politycznej. Zadanie polega również na określeniu skuteczności decentralizacji, delegacji, dekoncentracji, deregulacji, dywersyfikacji, które są przejawami procesu decentralizacji i zbiorowego określania jakości reformy. Na podstawie metodologii analizy systemowej i pojęcia „równowagi relacji”, w artykule wykorzystano metodę historyczno-porównawczą w badaniu doskonalenia podejść do prowadzenia polityki publicznej oraz strukturalno-funkcjonalną metodę analizy systemu terytorialno-politycznego jako zdecentralizowanego i wielopoziomowego, w celu przedstawienia analizy równowagi wewnętrznych stosunków między poszczególnymi poziomami, oraz omówienia skuteczności reform, decentralizacji oraz trendów dalszego rozwoju. Prace wskazują, że od 2014 r. optymalizacja administracyjna i terytorialna oraz konsolidacja społeczności stały się głównym wynikiem reformy decentralizacyjnej. Dyskusja na temat decentralizacji politycznej jest niezwykle bolesna, podobnie jak próby rozwiązania konfliktu w Donbasie środkami politycznymi poprzez przyjęcie tzw. formuły Steinmeiera. Kryzys gospodarczy, który zbiegł się z pandemią, może spotęgować negatywne postrzeganie reformy, której rozwój jest możliwy w ramach trzech scenariuszy rozwoju: “euro-optymistycznego”, “bezwładnościowego” i “blokującego”.

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Uzun, Y., & Koch, S. (2020). Decentralizacja vs centralizacja. Scenariusze rozwoju regionalnego Ukrainy w kontekście zapewnienia stabilności wewnętrznej. Przegląd Strategiczny, (13), 243-262. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2020.1.15
Dział
REGIONAL ASPECTS OF SECURITY
Biogramy autorów

Yuliia Uzun, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine

Yuliia UZUN – PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor at the Faculty of International Relations, Political Science and Sociology of Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Department of History and World Politic. Her scientific interests focus on: theory and practice of regional geopolitics; dynamics of the territorial order and institutional design in multinational states; regional, state and local governance; development of local self-government and problems of the interaction between public authorities; systems of multiple levels of governance and the protection of minority rights. The author of more than 50 articles and chapters in monographs (among others: Regional Constructing in the Geopolitics of Western Neighbors of Ukraine: Post-truth of the Post-Empires in International Relations and Foreign Policy of States in the Post-Truth Era, Odesa, 2018). Since 2018 the responsible editor of the journals “Odessa National University Herald. Sociology and Political Science”.

Svetlana Koch, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine

Svetlana KOCH – PhD in Political Sciences, Associate Professor at the Faculty of International Relations, Political Science and Sociology of Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Department of History and World Politic. Her scientific interests focus on: ethnic processes, ethnic identity in various sociocultural environments; cultural, social, political space: zones of intersection and mutual influence; ethnic lobbyism in the context of socio-political communication; models of center-peripheral relations from the standpoint of ethnocultural and socio-political realities; the construction of the “image of the territory”, the transformation of the “content” of the spatial environment; strategies for the behavior of ethnic groups in different spatial and communication environments. The author of more than 100 articles and chapters in monographs (among others: Transboundary: a Space of Social Order and Political Action, Оdessa 2019; Regional Constructing in the Geopolitics of Western Neighbors of Ukraine: Post-truth of the Post-Empires in International Relations and Foreign Policy of States in the Post-Truth Era, Odesa 2018).

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