Międzynarodowe czynniki kształtujące współczynnik bezpieczeństwa narodowego (żywnościowego) Ukrainy w warunkach globalizacji

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Svitlana Khalatur
Kateryna Zhylenko
Ihor Vinichenko
Olena Trokhymets
Lesia Kriuchko

Abstrakt

Celem pracy jest przegląd literatury naukowej z zakresu bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego i rozważenie wskaźników racjonalnego i minimalnego żywienia, co pozwoli na analizę istniejącego systemu wskaźników służących do oceny stanu systemu bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego w kraju. Celem artykułu jest zbadanie i uzasadnienie wpływu czynników kształtujących bezpieczeństwo narodowe (żywnościowe) Ukrainy w kontekście globalizacji. Szeroko rozumiane bezpieczeństwo żywnościowe państwa należy traktować jako stan gospodarki, a ściślej – jako gwarantowaną zdolność państwa do zaspokojenia potrzeb ludności poprzez zapewnienie każdemu obywatelowi żywności w wymaganej ilości, różnorodności i jakości, na poziomie zapewniającym zdrowie i rozwój intelektualny jednostki, w oparciu o zasady samowystarczalności podstawowych produktów oraz ich ekonomicznej i fizycznej dostępności, niezależnie od wpływu czynników zewnętrznych i wewnętrznych. Przeanalizowano pozycję Unii Europejskiej i Ukrainy w Światowym Indeksie Bezpieczeństwa Żywności (Global Food Security Index). W artykule zbadano ponoszone na Ukrainie wydatki konsumpcyjne na żywność spożywaną w domu. Przeanalizowano średnie wskaźniki bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego UE i Ukrainy w latach 2001–2018, w szczególności: eksport żywności; import żywności; indeks produkcji żywności; żywność, napoje i tytoń. Porównano dynamikę i prognozy zbiorów pszenicy i kukurydzy oraz produkcji roślinnej na Ukrainie i w UE. Przedstawiono analizę zestawu wskaźników bezpieczeństwa (Suite of Food Security Indicators) UE i Ukrainy. Kompleksowo przeanalizowano wieloczynnikowy model regresji wskaźnika produkcji żywności na podstawie bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych, napływów netto, wzrostu PKB, wzrostu DNB na mieszkańca, zadłużenia krótkoterminowego, dochodów podatkowych, renty z zasobów naturalnych ogółem i handlu. Przegląd wykazał, że w celu analizy wskaźnika produkcji żywności przydatne jest zbudowanie modelu regresji, ponieważ pozwala on nie tylko oszacować stopień wpływu różnych czynników, ale także najskuteczniej przewidzieć wielkość indeksu produkcji w przyszłości.

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Article Details

Jak cytować
Khalatur, S., Zhylenko, K., Vinichenko, I., Trokhymets, O., & Kriuchko, L. (2020). Międzynarodowe czynniki kształtujące współczynnik bezpieczeństwa narodowego (żywnościowego) Ukrainy w warunkach globalizacji. Przegląd Strategiczny, (13), 455-475. https://doi.org/10.14746/ps.2020.1.28
Dział
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SECURITY
Biogramy autorów

Svitlana Khalatur, Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine

Svitlana KHALATUR – PhD in Economics, рrofessor, Рrofessor of Finance, banking and insurance Department, Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine. Author of more than 150 scientific and educational-methodical works, of which: 1 single monograph, 9 collective monographs; 50 articles in professional journals (including 7 articles in Scopus International Co-metric (co-authored)); 50 educational and methodical works. Member of editorial staff of scientific journals. Research interests: financial support of agricultural enterprises, finance and credit, marketing, innovation, investment.

Kateryna Zhylenko, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Ukraine

Kateryna ZHYLENKO – PhD in Economics, аssociate рrofessor, head of the Department of tourism business and hospitality, Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Ukrainе. Scientific interests: globalization of international economic relations; transnationalization of business activity; internationalization and digitization of the international economy; efficiency of realization of resource potential of international tourism business.

Ihor Vinichenko, Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine

Igor VINICHENKO – PhD in Economics, рrofessor, head of Economics Department, Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine. Scientific interests: investment, development of agro-industrial enterprises, factors of acceleration of economic dynamics of agricultural enterprises, competition and development of globalization processes, strategies of innovative development.

Olena Trokhymets, Classic Private University, Ukraine

Olena TROKHYMETS – PhD in Economics, Full Professor, Classic Private University, Ukraine, Professor at the Department of National Economy, Marketing and International Economic Relations. Author of more than 100 publications, which include articles in foreign journals and chapters in monographs published abroad. Scientific interests include investment activity, competitiveness, marketing, globalization, international relations, complex system of enterprise management, socially oriented goods and services, international relations, tourism and hotel business, marketing research. Editor-in-chief of the Scientific Journal State and Regions. Series: Economics and Entrepreneurship (Category B1); Responsible Secretary of the Scientific journal Priazovskiy Economic Visnyk; member of the Editorial Board of the Central Ukrainian Scientific Bulletin. Economic Sciences.

Lesia Kriuchko, Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine

Lesia KRIUCHKO – candidate of economic sciences, associate professor, associate professor of Marketing Department, Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Ukraine. Scientific interests: state policy in the field of innovative development of the agricultural sector, security of the agricultural sector of the economy with labor resources, investment and cooperative activities.

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