Wybrane aspekty funkcjonowania par w Polsce i w Japonii w czasie pandemii wirusa COVID-19

Main Article Content

Maki Hirayama
Alice Pacher
Weronika Klon
Katarzyna Waszyńska


The COVID-19 pandemic is a global one, but the effect is different for each country and society and has different dimensions. The study investigated couple relationships during the first lockdown (also called emergency state) in Poland (N = 235) and Japan (N = 420). Based on a quantitative survey, it focuses on socio-economic issues and related concerns. The survey inquired opinions about changes in the depth of the relationships, attitude to the partner, and frequency of arguments during the lockdown. From among Polish and Japanese respondents, more than 60% declared that their current partner is the best one for the isolation. Both Japanese and Polish males seem to be more satisfied with their spouses than the female partners. The results indicate that there is a need to make more detailed cross-country comparisons in terms of the functioning of relationships during lockdown and isolation. The observations made imply that there are areas to investigate more in-depth. A follow-up survey is needed to understand whether the issues in intimate relationships will be long-term ones or whether we see them only during the pandemic. The questionnaire domains: changes in the depth of relationships, attitude to the partner and frequencyof arguments during the lockdown. Method: quantitative research, survey, online questionnaire, voluntary participants collected by social media.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Hirayama, M., Pacher, A., Klon, W., & Waszyńska , K. (2021). Wybrane aspekty funkcjonowania par w Polsce i w Japonii w czasie pandemii wirusa COVID-19. Studia Edukacyjne, (63), 81-99. https://doi.org/10.14746/se.2021.63.6
Studia i rozprawy


  1. Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej RPO, KPRM: 55 tys. Polaków wróciło do kraju w ramach akcji “Lot do domu”, https://bip.brpo.gov.pl/pl/content/kprm-do-rpo-55-tys-osob-wrcilodo-kraju-w-ramach-lot-do-domu [accessed: August 2021].
  2. Drozdowski R. et. al., Życie codzienne w czasach pandemii. Raport z drugiego etapu badań. Wersja skrócona, http://socjologia.amu.edu.pl/images/pliki/dokumenty/Do_pobrania/Zycie_codzienne_w_czasach_pandemii._Raport_z_drugiego_etapu_badan_wersja_skrocona.pdf [accessed: September 2021].
  3. Gambit M. et. al., Objawy depresji i lęku wśród Polaków w trakcie pandemii COVID- 19. Raport z badań podłużnych, http://psych.uw.edu.pl/wp-content/uploads/sites/98/2021/01/Raport_objawy_depresji_leku_IV_fale.pdf [accessed: October 2021].
  4. Izdebski Z., Zdrowie, relacje w związkach i życie seksualne Polaków, https://www.uw.edu.pl/zdrowie-relacje-w-zwiazkach-i-zycie-seksualne-polakow/ [accessed: September 2021].
  5. Medicover, Pandemia koronawirusa na świecie i w Polsce – kalendarium, https://www.medicover.pl/o-zdrowiu/pandemia-koronawirusa-na-swiecie-i-w-polsce-kalendarium,7252,n,192 [accessed: October 2021].
  6. Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare, Shingata Koronakansensyo ni kakaru mentaru herusu ni kansuru tyosa gaiyou ni tsuite, https://www.mhlw.go.jp/content/12200000/syousai.pdf [accessed: October 2021].
  7. Nikkei Business, Go gatsuwasanwari gen, degakoronarikon ha korekarafueru, https://business.nikkei.com/atcl/gen/19/00002/081101240/ [accessed: September 2021].
  8. OECD, Tackling the Mental Health Impact of the Covid-19 Crisis-An Integrated Whole of Society Response, https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/tackling-themental-health-impact-of-the-covid-19-crisis-an-integrated-whole-of-society-response-0ccafa0b/ [accessed: October 2021].
  9. Pew Research Center, In their own words, Americans describe the struggles and silver linings of the Covid-19 pandemic, https://www.pewresearch.org/2021/03/05/in-their-own-words-americans-describe-the-struggles-and-silver-linings-of-the-covid-19-pandemic/ [accessed: September 2021].
  10. Randall A.K., Bodenmann G., The role of stress on close relationships and marital satisfaction,Clinical, Psychology Review, 29(2), p.105-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2008.10.004.
  11. Recruit Bridal Research Institute, Fufu kankei chosa 2021, https://www.recruit.co.jp/newsroom/pressrelease/assets/20210803_marriage_01.pdf [accessed: October 2021].
  12. Relationships Australia, Covid-19 and its Effect on Relationships, https://relationships.org.au/what-we-do/research/online-survey/MaySurveyResults.pdf [accessed: September 2021].
  13. Rothmüller B., Intimität und sozialeBeziehungen in der ZeitphysischerDistanzierung. Ausgewählte Zwischenergebnisse der Pilotstudiezur COVID-19 Pandemie. Sigmunt Freud Universität, Wien 2020.
  14. Suga T., Protecting women: new domestic violence countermeasures for COVID-19 in Japan, Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 29(1), DOI:10.1080/26410397.2021.1874601
  15. Wikipedia Wolna Encyklopedia, Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT, https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polskie_Linie_Lotnicze_LOT [accessed: October 2021].
  16. Williamson H.C., Early Effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Relationship Satisfaction and Attributions, Association for Psychological Science, 31(12), p. 1479-1487 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797620972688
  17. Wojtasiński Z., Prof. Izdebski o związkach i życiu seksualnym Polaków w czasie pandemii, Nauka w Polsce https://naukawpolsce.pap.pl/aktualnosci/news%2C82292%2Cprof-izdebski-o-zwiazkach-i-zyciu-seksualnym-polakow-w-czasie-pandemii.html [accessed: September 2021].
  18. Yamada M. Shingatakakusashakai 34(40), Asahi shinsho, Tokyo 2021.