Textile production and consumption in Roman provinces and in free Germania – a 21st century perspective
PDF (English)

Słowa kluczowe

archaeological textiles
Roman Provinces
Free Germania
analytical methods
Roman imports

Jak cytować

Kaczmarek, Z. (2017). Textile production and consumption in Roman provinces and in free Germania – a 21st century perspective. Studia Europaea Gnesnensia, 16(16), 567–584. https://doi.org/10.14746/seg.2017.16.27


The paper aims to present the state of research on Roman Period archaeological textiles and new, 21st century perspectives for further analyses. The textiles proves to be important from the viewpoint of provincial economy, trade and cultural exchange. That is why, a special emphasis is put on the textile types, which are called Roman imports.

PDF (English)


Andersson E., Cybulska M., Textile Production, Tools and Technology – How to Make Textiles Visible on the Basis of an Interpretation of an Ur III text, [in:] H. Koefoed, M.L. Nosch, E. Andresson Strand (eds.), Textile Production and Consumption in the Ancient Near East. Archaeology, Epigraphy, Iconography, Oxford 2012, pp. 113-127.

Andersson Strand E., Experimental Textile Archaeology, [in:] E. Andersson Strand, M. Gleba, U. Mannering, Ch. Munkholt, M. Ringgaard (eds.), North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles X, Oxford 2010, pp. 1-3.

Balsdon J.P.V.D., Romans and Aliens, London 1979.

Belanová Štolcova T., Grömer K., Loom-weights, Spindles and Textiles – Textile Production in Central Europe from the Bronze Age, [in:] E. Andersson Strand, M. Gleba, U. Mannering, Ch. Munkholt, M. Ringgaard, NESAT X, Oxford 2010, pp. 9-20.

Bender Jørgensen L., Forhistoriske textiler i Skandinavien (Prehistoric Scandinavian Textiles), Kobenhavn 1986.

Bender Jørgensen L., North European Textiles until AD 1000, Aarhus 1992.

Bender Jørgensen L., Wild J.P., Clothes from the Roman Empire. Barbarians and Romans, [in:] L. Bender Jørgensen, B. Magnus, E. Munksgaard (eds.), Archaeological Textiles. Report from the 2nd NESAT Symposium 1-4.V.1984, Copenhagen 1988, pp. 65-98.

Cooker E., Live notation: reflections on a kairotic practice, Performance Research, Journal of the Performing Arts, 18, 5, 2013, pp. 69-76.

Cybulska M., Florczak T., Maik J., Virtual Reconstruction of Archaeological Textiles, [in:] E. Andersson Strand, M. Gleba, U. Mannering, Ch. Munkholt, M. Ringgaard (eds.), North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles X, Oxford 2010, pp. 36-40.

Cybulska M., Kuberski S., Maik J., Orlińska-Mianowska E., Figural Embroidery from Tum Collegiate Church – Analysis, Reconstruction and Identification, [in:] J. Banck-Burgess, C. Nübold (eds.), NESAT XI: The North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles XI, Rahden 2013, pp. 205-212.

Cybulska M., Maik J., Archaeological Textiles – A Need for New Methods of Analysis and Reconstruction, Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 15, 5-6 (64-65), 2007, pp. 185-189.

Cybulska M., Pancer R., Analysis of woven fabrics using image analysis, Proceedings of VI Interna-tional Conference ArchTex 2004, pp. 124-129.

Cybulska M., Reconstruction of Archaeological Textiles, Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 18, 3 (80), 2010, pp. 100-105.

Cybulska M., To See the Unseen – Computer Graphic in Visualisation and Reconstruction of Archaeological and Historical Textiles, Computer Graphics, N. Mukai (ed.), London 2012.

Drinkwater J.F., The Wool Textile Industry of Gallia Belgica and the Secundinii of Igel: Questions and Hypotheses, Textile History 13, 1, 1982, pp. 111-128.

Fisher A., Current Examination of Organic Remains using Variable Pressure Scanning Electron Microscopy [VP-SEM], [in:] E. Andersson Strand, M. Gleba, U. Mannering, Ch. Munkholt, M. Ringgaard (eds.), North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles X, Oxford 2010, pp. 57-62.

Flohr M., Consumption Not Production. Understanding the Fullonicae of Pompeii, [in:] C. Alfaro, J. P. Brun, R. Pierobon Benoit, Ph. Borgard (eds.), Pururae Vestes. III Symposium Internacional sobre Textiles y Tintes del Mediterráneo en el mundo antiguo, Naples 2011, pp. 209-215.

Frei K.M., Exploring the potential of the strontium isotope tracing system in Denmark, Danish Journal of Archaeology, 2013, pp. 1-10.

Frei K.M., Provenance of Pre-Roman Iron Age Textiles – Methods Development and Application, Copehagen 2010.

Frei K.M., Provenance Studies of Ancient Textiles: A New Method Based on the Strontium Isotope System, [in:] J. Banck-Burgess, C. Nübold (eds.), NESAT XI, Rahden/Westf. 2013, pp. 145-149.

Frei K.M., Skals I., Gleba M., Lyngstrøm H., The Huldremose Iron Age Textiles, Denmark: an attempt to defy their provenance applying the strontium isotope system, Journal Of Archaeological Science 36, 2009, pp. 1-7.

Gleba M., Italian textiles from prehistory to Late Antique times, [in:] S. Bergerbrandt,

S.H. Fossøy (eds.), A Stitch In Time. Essays in Honour of Lise Bender Jørgensen, Gothenburg 2014, pp. 145-170.

Hald M., Ancient Danish Textiles from Bogs and Burials. A Comparative Study of Costume and Iron Age Textiles, Copenhagen 1980.

Harlizius Klück E., AlgoMech symposium – PENELOPE [online]. YouTube [2017-02-08]. Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5lOH5Dp_Eg&feature=youtu.be>.

Holstein von I.C.C., An introduction to Carbon, Nitrogen and Hydrogen Stable Isotope Provenancing for Archaeological Wool [in:] J. Banck-Burgess, C. Nübold (eds.), NESAT XI, Rahden/Westf. 2013, pp. 151-154.

Holstein von I.C.C., Walton Rogers P., Craig O.E., Penkman K.E.H., Newton J., Collins M.J., Provenancing Archaeological Wool Textiles from Medieval Northern Europe by Light Stable Isotope Analysis (δ13C, δ15N, δ2H). PLoS ONE 11, 10, 2016.

Horden P., Purcell N., The Corrupting Sea. A Study of Mediterranean History, Oxford 2000.

Kaczmarek Z., Pochodzenie tkanin archeologicznych – analiza izotopowa strontu, Studia Europaea Gnesnensia 5, 2012, pp. 343-344.

Kaczmarek Z., Tkactwo w relacjach kulturowych Cesarstwa Rzymskiego z Barbaricum (I-III wiek), Gniezno 2016.

Kolendo J., Jeńcy rzymscy w Barbarcium i ich wykupywanie, [in:] idem, Świat antyczny i barbarzyńcy. Teksty, zabytki, refleksja nad przeszłością, Warszawa 1998, pp. 221-229.

Kolendo J., Mączyńska M., Opis stroju germańskiego w Germanii Tacyta. Próba konfrontacji tekstu i danych archeologicznych, Kwartalnik Historii Kultury Materialnej 3, 1991, pp. 247-277.

Laboratory [online]. Penelope [2017-02-07]. Available at: <http://penelope.hypotheses.org/laboratory>.

Maik J., Jak było na początku, czyli Adam Nahlik i badania tkanin wykopaliskowych, [in:] M. Głosek, J. Maik (eds.), Od pradziejów po współczesność. Archeologiczne wędrówki, Łódź 2007, pp. 91-95.

Maik J., Kleidung und Kulturidentität in der Wielbark-Kultur – Untersuchunsperspektiven, Fasciculi Archaeologiae Historiae 23, 2010, pp. 25-30.

Maik J., Tkaniny z pomorskich cmentarzysk kultury wielbarskiej w świetle najnowszych badań, [in:] M. Fudziński, H. Panera, Nowe materiały i ich interpretacje. Stan dyskusji na temat kultury wielbarskiej, Gdańsk 2007, pp. 97-108.

Maik J., Wyroby włókiennicze z grobu książęcego nr 1 w Leśnie, st. 1, [in:] K. Walenta, Leśno i mikroregion w okresie rzymskim, Chojnice 2009, pp. 233-243.

Makarewicz Ch.A., Sealy J., Dietary reconstruction, mobility, and the analysis of ancient skeletal tissues: Expanding the prospects of stable isotope research in archaeology, Journal of Archaeological Science 56, 2015, pp. 146-158.

Margariti Ch., Eastop D., Moraitou G., Wyeth P., Potential and Limitations of the Application of FTIR Microscopy to the Characterization of Textiles excavated in Greece, [in:] E. Andersson Strand, M. Gleba, U. Mannering, Ch. Munkholt, M. Ringgaard (eds.), North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles X, Oxford 2010, pp. 162-166.

Mōller-Wiering S., War and Worship: Textiles from 3rd to 4th-Century AD Weapon Deposits in Denmark and Northern Germany, Oxford 2011.

Morley N., Trade in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge 2007.

Peacock E.H., The Contribution of the Experimental Archaeology to the Research of Ancient Textiles, [in:] P. Walton Rogers, L. Bender Jørgensen, A. Rast-Eicher (eds.), The Roman Textile Industry and its Influence. A Birthday Tribute to John Peter Wild, Exeter 2001, pp. 181-190.

Penelope a study of weaving as technical mode of existence [online]. Penelope [2017-02-02]. Available at: <http://penelope.hypotheses.org/1>.

Schlabow K., Textilfunde der Eisenzeit in Norddeutschland, Neumünster 1976.

Weaving codes – coding weaves [online]. Kairotic [2017-02-07]. Available at: .

Wild J.P., The Roman Textile Industry: Problems, but progress, [in:] C. Alfaro, J.P. Wild,

B. Costa (eds.), Purpurae Vestes. Actas del I symposium internacional sobre textiles y tinte del mediterráneo en época Romana, (Ibiza, 8 al 10 de noviembre 2002), Valencia 2004, pp. 23-27.

Young A., Representations of Cloth Vendors and the Cloth Trade on Funerary Reliefs in Roman Gaul and Italy, [in:] D. Cardon, M. Feugère (eds.), Archéologie des textiles des origins au Ve siècle. Actes du colloque de Lattes, octobre 1999, Montagnac 2000, pp. 215--233.


Brak dostępnych danych do wyświetlenia.