Journalistic role performance in Poland

Main Article Content

Agnieszka Stępińska
Ewa Jurga-Wosik
Kinga Adamczewska
Bartłomiej Secler
Dominika Narożna


Several research projects in the last decade have been devoted to studying professional role perception among Polish journalists. Still less is known about how different ideals of professional roles affect journalistic role performance. This paper aims to present the findings of the content analysis of 1,130 news stories published in four Polish newspapers in 2012 and 2013. The study was a part of the international research project: Journalistic Role Performance Around the Globe (led by Prof. Claudia Mellado from Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, in Chile and Lea Hellmueller, from Texas States University, The results indicate that the watchdog model is most commonly used in the Polish press, followed by the infotainment and civic models. However, the findings of the content analysis primarily support the general observation on the political orientations of the Polish newspapers and political parallelism of the Polish media system.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Stępińska, A., Jurga-Wosik, E., Adamczewska, K., Secler, B., & Narożna, D. (2019). Journalistic role performance in Poland. Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne, (2), 37-51.


  1. Culbertson H. (1983), Three perspectives in American journalism, “Journalism Monographs”, no. 83, pp. 1–33.
  2. Dobek-Ostrowska B., Barczyszyn P., Michel A. (2013), Zmiana w dziennikarstwie. Kultura zawodowa polskich dziennikarzy (badania ilościowe), „Studia Medioznawcze”, no. 1, pp. 11–28.
  3. Donsbach W. (2008), Factors Behind Journalists’ Professional Behavior: A Psychological Approach to Journalism Research, in: Global Journalism Research, eds. M. Löffelholz, D. Weaver, Blackwell Publishing, Malden–Oxford–Carlton, pp. 65–78.
  4. Donsbach W., Patterson T. E. (2004), Political news journalists: partisanship, professionalization, and political roles in five countries, in: Comparing Political Communication. Theories, Cases, and Challenges, eds. F. Esser, B. Pfetsch, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 251–270.
  5. Głowacki M. (2013), Dziennikarze polscy w świetle studiów porównawczych systemów odpowiedzialności mediów w Europie, „Studia Medioznawcze”, no. 1(52), pp. 29–44.
  6. Hanitzsch T. (2007), Deconstructing Journalism Culture. Toward a Universal Theory, “Communication Theory”, no. 17(4), pp. 367–385.
  7. Mellado C. (2014), Professional roles in news content: Six dimensions of journalistic role performance, “Journalism Studies”,
  8. Mellado C., Lagos C. (2014), Professional Roles in News Content: Analyzing Journalistic Performance in the Chilean National Press, “International Journal of Communication”, no. 8, pp. 2090–2112.
  9. Olędzki J. (1998), Polish Journalists: Professionals Or Not?, “The Global Journalist. News People around the World”, ed. D.H. Weaver, Hampton Press, Inc., New Jersey, pp. 257–276.
  10. Stępińska A., Ossowski Sz., Pokrzycka L., Nowak J. (2012), The Journalists and Journalism of Poland, in: The Global Journalist in the 21st Century, eds. D. H. Weaver, L. Willnat, Routledge, New York–London, pp. 255–266.
  11. Weaver D. H. (ed.) (1998), The Global Journalist. News People Around the World, Hampton Press Inc., Cresskill–New Jersey.
  12. Weaver D. H., Wilhoit G. C. (1996), The American Journalist in the 1990s: U.S. News People at the End of an Era, Lawrence Erlbaum Asssociaties, Mahwah, NJ.
  13. Weaver D. H., Willnat L. (eds.), (2012), The Global Journalist in the 21st Century: News People around the World, Routledge, New York.
  14. Wirtualne Media (2014), „Gazeta Polska Codziennie” i „Gazeta Wyborcza” ostro w dół. „Dziennik Gazeta Prawna” przed „Rz”, retrieved from: