Post-komunistyczny i polityczny rozwój instytucjonalny w Rumunii

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Mukesh Shankar Bharti

Abstrakt

Przemiany polityczne w Rumunii zapoczątkowane w 1989 roku, po śmierci Nicole Ceausescu. Artykuł opisuje i analizuje dynamikę zmian instytucjonalnych i zachowań w procesach politycznych zachodzących w Rumunii po 1989 r. Artykuł koncentruje się na ramach konstytucyjnych najważniejszych instytucji. Autor analizuje rozumienie podejść teoretycznych do zmian politycznych i instytucjonalnych w kraju, a także ewolucję organów ustawodawczych, wykonawczych i sądownictwa – trzech filarów demokracji. Artykuł prezentuje jak partie polityczne uczestniczące w wyborach tworzą rząd i omawia stabilność instytucji. Artykuł analizuje podstawy instytucjonalne koalicji rządowej w latach 1990–2020 w okresie post-komunistycznej demokracji w Rumunii. Artykuł zaczyna się od przedstawienia założenia ram instytucjonalnych, iż systemy wyborcze oraz zapisy konstytucji dotyczące podziału władzy, struktury i relacji pomiędzy parlamentem a prezydentem determinują punkt rozproszenia lub koncentracji władzy w systemie politycznym.

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Bharti, M. S. (2022). Post-komunistyczny i polityczny rozwój instytucjonalny w Rumunii. Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne, (1), 73-97. https://doi.org/10.14746/ssp.2022.1.4
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Mukesh Shankar Bharti, Niezależny naukowiec i badacz

Mukesh Shankar BHARTI – niezależny naukowiec i badacz w sferze analizy polityki zagranicznej i nauk społecznych. Tytuł doktora w dziedzinie stosunków międzynarodowych ze specjalizacją: Europa Środkowowschodnia. Obszary badawcze obejmują demokrację, instytucje polityczne, Unię Europejską i Południową Azję.

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