Formy eskalacji sprzeczności w stosunkach międzynarodowych – analiza pojęciowa

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Magdalena Lorenc


Current international relations are a forum for an incessant articulation of needs and interests. This process results from progressing globalization and the actual disappearance of the borders of information exchange. Every form of activity of a given international subject, or their group, shall not remain overlooked by the remaining participants of international relations, irregardless of the distance between them. Therefore, all international subjects whether primary or secondary, who undertake certain activities are aware of exerting a simultaneous influence on the remaining elements  of  the  international  system. Therefore, „presence” on an international arena is not static but it is a dynamic process stimulated by a chain of actions and reactions by particular subjects. In the era of globalization the matter of security and threats for security assumes particular importance. Increased interdependence determines the necessity to create a stable system of controls to prevent the threat of a global war or a military conflict. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to be aware of the processes of contradiction escalation and the ability to react appropriately in case discomforting phenomena are identified. This is impossible unless the definitions and the essence of contradiction, dispute, conflict, crisis, war and military conflict are known. The notion analysis that concentrates on the treaty stipulations prompts to expand the research of differences between the above notions. Primarily, though, it emphatically condemns the shameful practice of applying these notions interchangeably, as if equivalent, both in popular articles and in research papers.


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Lorenc, M. (2003). Formy eskalacji sprzeczności w stosunkach międzynarodowych – analiza pojęciowa. Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne, (2), 25-42.