Kobiety w migracjach przesiedleńczych w Peru (1980–2000)

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Magdalena Śniadecka-Kotarska

Abstrakt

The shock of the lengthy military conflict in Peru changed the demographic, social and cultural outlook of that country. One of the basic elements of this process was uncontrolled mass migration from rural areas to towns, brought about by political violence. Displacement migrations were strongly feminized. Institutional structures that emerged in towns, via women’s self-assistance societies facilitated the migrants’ acclimatization in towns. However, they had to pay a price and to reject their memories of violence by denying the Indian identity of the state and their own. Therefore, these organizations were initially, a significant element of cultural mestization of female migrants. Now it transpires that the same organizations were used by the women and then the assimilated migrants, to exert pressure demanding that the position of women in Peru be changed. Former female migrants, who acquired experience and who, for many years negotiated that their status be acknowledged, had a significantly higher degree of social independence because of their struggle to survive in urban conditions. They were also financially independent and began to successfully demand that their macho environment treat them in a different manner.

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Śniadecka-Kotarska, M. (2007). Kobiety w migracjach przesiedleńczych w Peru (1980–2000). Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne, (1), 47-62. https://doi.org/10.14746/ssp.2006.1.04
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