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Un “libro terribile”, L’Imperio di De Roberto tra disincanto politico e nichilismo

Gianfranco Ferraro

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14746/strop%202014.414.006

Abstrakt


In the correspondence with his mother, Federico De Roberto defined its own novel L’Imperio as a “a terrible book”. Published in 1929, when the Sicilian writer was not longer alive, this incomplete novel concluded the project of literary triptych including the novels L’Illusione and I Viceré. What could arouse dismay and abhorrence in its readers was the nihilistic outcome of the plot. In order to explain it, the authors of the present paper show how the political disillusionment, embodied in the novel by the figure of the young journalist Federico Ranaldi, discloses for De Roberto the horizon of European nihilism. Being symbolic of the Italian generation born after the Unification, Ranaldi loses his political ideals when he understands that the politicians have no faith and are no longer right. Disgusted by the conduct of Consalvo Uzeda di Francalanza, the last heir of the ancient “viceroys” of Sicily, now the minister of the Kingdom, Ranaldi is overwhelmed by a radical, pessimistic vision of the world. Thus it is evident that De Roberto was extremely influenced by such philosophers as Giacomo Leopardi, Arthur Schopenhauer and Eduard von Hartmann.

Słowa kluczowe


De Roberto; nihilism; disenchantment; pessimism; political novel

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Bibliografia


DE ROBERTO, Federico (1898): L’amore. Milano: Galli.

DE ROBERTO, Federico (1998): Romanzi, novelle e saggi, a cura di C.A. Madrignani. Milano: Mondadori.

DE ROBERTO, Federico (2012): Il tempo dello scontento universale. Articoli dispersi di critica culturale e letteraria, a cura di Annamaria Loria. Torino: Aragno.

HARTMANN, Eduard von (1877): La Philosophie de l’Inconscient, tr. par D. Nolen. Paris: Baillière.

MADRIGNANI, Carlo Alberto (2007): Effetto Sicilia. Genesi del romanzo moderno. Macerata: Quodlibet.

ORLANDO, Francesco (1993): Gli oggetti desueti nelle immagini della letteratura. Rovine, reliquie, rarità, robaccia, luoghi inabitati e tesori nascosti. Torino: Einaudi.

SCHOPENHAUER, Arthur (2002): Il mondo come volontà e rappresentazione, a cura di Sossio Giametta. Milano: Mondadori.

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Copyright (c) 2015 Gianfranco Ferraro

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Studia Romanica Posnaniensia: ISSN (Print): 0137-2475 ISSN (Online): 2084-4158