"Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable" - archeologia jako element strategii artystycznej Damiena Hirsta
pdf

Słowa kluczowe

Hirst
mockumentary
science
art
myth
collecting
archeology

Jak cytować

Brillowski, W. (2020). "Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable" - archeologia jako element strategii artystycznej Damiena Hirsta. Artium Quaestiones, (31), 123–170. https://doi.org/10.14746/aq.2020.31.5

Liczba wyświetleń: 488


Liczba pobrań: 219

Abstrakt

The most important element of Damien Hirst's multimedia project "Treasures from the Wreck of Unbelivable" was the exhibition, presented from April 9 to December 3, 2017 in Venice, in the galleries of the Pinault Foundation in Punta della Dogana and Palazzo Grassi. It was completed by several book publications and a 90-minute film of the same title, made available globally on the Netflix online platform on January 1, 2018. The exhibition included over a hundred objects, mainly sculptures, made in various techniques and materials in a wide range of sizes. The film, stylized as a popular science documentary, presents the fictional story of their discovery and exploration at the bottom of the Indian Ocean, and their transport to Venice. It develops the main idea of the exhibition – a fictitious vision of the origin of these objects from an ancient wreck, filled with artistic collections, belonging to a fabulously rich ancient Roman freedman, with the significant name Cif Amotan II (anagram from “I am a fiction”). Realizing this fancy artistic vision, most of the works were made as if they had been damaged by the sea waves and overgrown with corals and other marine organisms. Hirst created a comprehensive and all-encompassing narrative using the principle of "voluntary suspension of unbelief," formulated by Samuel T. Coleridge. The artist sets himself and the viewer on a fantastic journey into the ancient past, taking up subjects central to his ouevre for decades: faith, relations of art and science, transience and death. He does this by means of numerous references to the artistic and mythological heritage of antiquity, not only Graeco-Roman, but also of other great cultures and civilizations.

            Although the formal and technical aspects of the project will also be discussed, the main goal of the author is to analyze how Hirst used the knowledge of antiquity (classics) to create both the exhibition itself and the mockumentary. The artist made archeology an element binding his narrative together, showing in the film not only how artefacts were obtained from the bottom of the ocean. He also presented a number of tasks that scientists deal with at various stages of the project – from the first discovery, through interpretation and conservation, to the presenting at the museum-like exhibition. Of course, his purpose was not to create a study in the methodology of underwater exploration, but to reflect on the cognitive power of science examining remains of ancient times. By juxtaposing two possible attitudes towards relics of the past, i.e. the strict discipline of the scholar and the imagination of the treasure hunter, he concludes that narratives arising from them will both have the character of a mythical tale. The ontic status of the artefacts themselves, as the things of the past, left in a fragmentary state by the passage of time, sets all the stories related to them within the discourse of faith.

https://doi.org/10.14746/aq.2020.31.5
pdf

Bibliografia

Ajootian A., Praxiteles, w: Personal Styles in Greek Sculpture, red. O. Palagia, J.J. Pollitt, Cambridge 1996, s. 91–129

The Alexander Romance in Persia and the East, red. R. Stoneman, K. Erickson, I. Netton, Groningen 2012

Anderson R.G.W. et al., Enlightning the British: Knowledge, discovery and the museum in the eighteenth century, London 2003

Archaeology and Capitalism, red. Y. Hamilakis, P. Duke, Walnut Creek 2007

Bagnall R.S., Reading Papyri, Writing Ancient History, London 1995

Barnett S., Rhetoric’s Nonmodern Constitution: Techne, Phusis, and the Production of Hybrids, w: Thinking with Bruno Latour in Rhetoric and Composition, red. P. Lynch, N. Rivers, Carbondale, IL, 2014, s. 81–96

Becatti G., Il culto di Ercole ad Ostia, „Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma” 1938–1939, 67, s. 37–60

Bennett J., The enchantment of modern life: Attachments, crossings, and ethics, Princeton 2001

Bennett T., Pasts Beyond Memory: Evolution, Museums, Colonialism, London–New York 2004

Bethenod M., Preface, w: D. Hirst et al., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, London 2017, s. 7

Bianchi Bandinelli R., Archeologia klasyczna jako historia sztuki, tłum. i posłowie W. Dobrowolski, Warszawa 1988

Boin D.R., A Hall for Hercules at Ostia and a Farewell to the Late Antique “Pagan Revival”, „American Journal of Archaeology” 2010, 2(114), s. 253–266

Bol P.C., Die Skulpturen des Schiffsfundes von Antikythera, Berlin 1972

Borges J.L., Oscar Wilde, Kwiat Coleridge’a, Sen Coleridge’a, „Więź” 1990, 2–3, s. 118–125

Borges J.L., Narrative Art and Magic, w: idem, Selected non-fictions, New York–London 1999, s. 75–82

Boysen B., The embarrassment of being human: A critique of new materialism and object-oriented ontology, „Orbis Litterarum” 2018, 73, s. 225–242

Brillowski W., Zbytek, status, znawstwo. O kolekcjonerstwie sztuki greckiej w Rzymie u schyłku republiki i w początkach pryncypatu, w: Zbytek i ubóstwo w starożytności i średniowieczu, red. L. Kostuch, E. Ryszewska, Kielce 2010, s. 161–171

Calchi Novati G., Staging the Wreck of the Unbelievable. Performing ideology: Imaginary surplus, alienation and anxiety, „Performance Research” 2019, 5(24), s. 21–26

Calligas P.G., Statue of a Young Athlete, w: Mind and Body: Athletic Contests in Ancient Greece, red. O. Tzachou-Alexandri, Athens 1989, s. 179–180

Carlson D.N., Caligula’s Floating Palaces, „Archaeology” 2002, 3(55), s. 26–31

Choat S., Science, Agency and Ontology: A Historical-Materialist Response to New Materialism, „Political Studies” 2018, 4(66), s. 1027–1042

Coleridge S.T., Biographia Literaria or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions, t. 2, London 1817

Coleridge S.T., Poezje wybrane, wyb. i tłum. Z. Kubiak, Warszawa 1987

Colwell-Chanthaphonh C., T.J. Ferguson, Trust and archaeological practice: towards a framework of Virtue Ethics, w: The Ethics of Archaeology: Philosophical Perspectives on Archaeological Practice, red. C. Scarre, G. Scarre, Cambridge 2006, s. 115–130

Cooper G.M., Astrology: The Science of Signs in the Heavens, w: The Oxford Handbook to Science and Medicine in the Classical World, red. P.T. Keyser, J. Scarborough, Oxford 2018, s. 381–407

Davies P.J.E., Architecture and Politics in Republican Rome, Cambridge–New York 2017

Dawson G., Show me the bone: reconstructing prehistoric monsters in nineteenth-century Britain and America, Chicago 2016

Díaz-Andreu M., A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past, Oxford–New York 2007

Dova S., Greek Heroes in and out of Hades, Lanham–Plymouth 2012

Drower M.S., Flinders Petrie: A Life in Archaeology, Madison 1995

Felch J., R. Frammolino, Chasing Aphrodite: The Hunt for Looted Antiquities at the World’s Richest Museum, Boston–New York 2011

Ferri A.J., Willing Suspension of Disbelief: Poetic Faith in Film, Lanham–New York–Plymouth 2007

Flaubert G., Salambo, tłum. W. Rogowicz, Warszawa 1978

Freedberg D., Potęga wizerunków, tłum. E. Klekot, Kraków 2005

Freedman L., Michelangelo’s Reflection on Bacchus, „Artibus et Historiae” 2003, 24(47), s. 121–135

Frel J., The Getty Bronze, Los Angeles 1978

Furtwängler A., Meisterwerke der griechischen Plastik. Kunstgeschichtliche Untersuchungen, t. 1–2, Leipzig 1893

Geuna E., The Coral Diver, w: D. Hirst et al., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, London 2017, s. 10–11

Goddio F., Discovering a Shipwreck, w: D. Hirst et al., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, London 2017, s. 24–27

Graf F., Magic in the Ancient World, Cambridge, MA, 1997

Green J., Maritime Archaeology: A Technical Handbook, San Diego 2004

Harman G., Tool-being: Heidegger and the metaphysics of objects, Chicago, IL, 2002

Harman G., Weird realism: Lovecraft and philosophy, Alresford 2012

Hemingway S., The Horse and Jockey From Artemision: A Bronze Equestrian Monument of the Hellenistic Period, Berkeley–Los Angeles–London 2004

Himmelmann N., Mahdia und Antikythera, w: Das Wrack. Der antike Schiffsfund von Mahdia, red. G. Hellerkemper-Salies, Köln 1994, s. 849–855

Hirst D., The Undersea Salvage Operation: Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, fot. C. Gerigk, S. Russell, London 2017

Hirst D., G. Burn, On The Way To Work, London 2001

Hirst D., A. Corry, Treasures from the Wreck of Unbelievable: One Hundred Drawings, London 2017

Hirst D. et al., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, London 2017

Hopkins K., Models, Ships and Staples, w: Trade and Famine in Classical Antiquity, red. P. Garnsey, K. Hopkins, C.R. Whittaker, Cambridge 1983, s. 84–109

Kabbadias P., The Recent Finds off Cythera, „Journal of Hellenic Studies” 1901, 21, s. 205–208

Karanika A., The End of the Nekyia: Odysseus, Heracles, and the Gorgon in the Underworld, „Arethusa” 2011, 1(44), s. 1–27

Landfester M., Athenaios [3] aus Naukratis (Ägypten), w: Der neue Pauly. Supplemente, t. 2: Geschichte der antiken Texte: Autoren- und Werklexikon, red. M. Landfester, B. Egger, Stuttgart 2007, s. 88–89

Latour B., We Have Never Been Modern, Cambridge, MA, 1993

Latour B., Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory, Oxford 2005

Loyrette H., On the Name of, w: D. Hirst et al., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, London 2017, s. 13–17

MacGregor N., A History of the World in 100 Objects, London 2010

Majkowski T.Z., W cieniu Białego Drzewa. Powieść fantasy w XX wieku, Kraków 2013

Marchant J., Exploring the Titanic of the Ancient World, „Smithsonian Magazine” 2015, 10(45), s. 56–69

Mastrocinque A., The Antikythera Shipwreck and Sinope’s Culture during the Mithridatic Wars, w: Mithridates VI and Pontic Kingdom, red. J.M. Højte, Aarhus–Lancaster 2009, s. 313–319

Mattusch C.C., The Victorious Youth, Los Angeles 1997

Maurer K., Archeology as Spectacle: Heinrich Schliemann’s Media of Excavation, „German Studies Review” 2009, 2(32), s. 303–317

Merlin A., Statues de bronze trouvées près de Mahdia, „Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres” 1908, 4(52), s. 245–254

Miles M.M., Cicero’s Prosecution of Gaius Verres: A Roman View of the Ethics of Acquisition of Art, „International Journal of Cultural Property” 2002, 1(11), s. 28–49

Moscati S., The Phoenicians, Venezia 1988

Moscati S., E. Arslan, D. Vitali, The Celts: The Origins of Europe, New York 1991

Muckelroy K., Maritime Archaeology, Cambridge 1978

Muensterberger W., Collecting. An Unruly Passion: Psychological Perspectives, Princeton 2014

Murray W.M., The Age of Titans: The Rise and Fall of the Great Hellenistic Navies, Oxford–New York 2012

Naish G.P.B., The “Wasa”, her place in history, London 1968

Olsen B., In Defense of Things. Archaeology and the Ontology of Objects, Lanham, MD, 2010

Olsen B. et al., Archaeology: The Discipline of Things, Berkeley–Los Angeles–London 2012

Petersen L.H., The Freedman in Roman Art and Art History, Cambridge 2011

Pollard A.M., Measuring the Passage of Time: Achievements and Challenges in Archaeological Dating, w: The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology, red. B. Cunliffe,

C. Gosden, R.A. Joyce, Oxford–New York 2009, s. 123–139

Pollitt J.J., The Impact of Greek Art on Rome, „Transactions of the American Philological Association” 1978, 108, s. 155–174

Pollitt J.J., Art in the Hellenistic Age, Cambridge 2006

Pomian K., Zbieracze i osobliwości. Paryż – Wenecja, XVI–XVIII wiek, Lublin 2001

Posèq A.W.G., Caravaggio and the Antique, „Artibus et Historiae” 1990, 11(21), s. 147–167

Richardson L., Jr., A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Baltimore–London 1992

Schama S., Inventory, w: D. Hirst et al., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, London 2017, s. 18–23

Schmidt P., M. De La Garza, E. Nalda, I Maya, Milano 1998

Schulz E., Notes on the history of collecting and of museums, w: Interpreting Objects and Collections, red. S.M. Pearce, London–New York 2003, s. 175–187

Sharp J., Spirals and the Golden Section, „Nexus Network Journal” 2002, 1(4), s. 59–82

Smithson R., A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects, „Artforum” 1968, 1(7), s. 82–91

Sparrow T., The end of phenomenology: Metaphysics and the new realism, Edinburgh 2014

Stevenson A., „We Seem to be Working in the Same Line”: A.H.L.F Pitt-Rivers and W.M.F. Petrie, „Bulletin of the History of Archaeology” 2012, 1(22), s. 4–13

Stewart A., Greek Sculpture: an Exploration, t. 2, Plates, New Haven–London 1990

Stoneman R., Alexander the Great: A life in legend, New Haven–London 2010

Tcherepashenets N., Place and displacement in the narrative worlds of Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar, New York 2008

Tchernia A., P. Pomey, A. Hesnard, L’apave romaine de la Madrague de Giens, Paris 1978

Torelli M., The Etruscans, Milano 2001

Tourtas A., The discovery of the Antikythera shipwreck: The social aspect, Southampton 2014 [University of Southampton, praca magisterska]

Traill D.A., Schliemann’s “Dream of Troy”: The Making of a Legend, „Classical Journal” 1985, 1(81), s. 13–24

Ucelli G., Le navi di Nemi, Roma 1950

Underwater Archaeology: The Nautical Archaeological Society Guide to Principles and Practice, red. A. Bowens, Malden–Oxford 2009

Vlachogianni E., Sculpture, w: The Antikythera Shipwreck: the ship, the treasures, the mechanism, red. N. Kaltsas, E. Vlachogianni, P. Bouyia, Athens 2012, s. 62–115

Weinberg G.D. et al., The Antikythera shipwreck reconsidered, Philadelphia 1965

West M.S., Textual Criticism and Editorial Technique Applicable to Greek and Roman Texts, Stuttgart 1973

Wilk S.R., Medusa: Solving the Mystery of the Gorgon, Oxford 2000

Wilson A., The economic influence of developments in maritime technology in antiquity, w: Maritime Technology in the Ancient Economy: Ship Design and Navigation, red. W.V. Harris, K. Iara, Portsmouth, Rhode Island 2011, s. 211–233

Witmore C., Symmetrical archaeology: Excerpts of a manifesto, „World Archaeology” 2007, 4(39), s. 546–562

Witmore C.L., Archaeology and the New Materialisms, „Journal of Contemporary Archaeology” 2014, 1(2), s. 203–246

ŹRÓDŁA ANTYCZNE

Apollodoros, Biblioteka, wyd. jako Apollodorus, The Library, t. 1–2, tłum. i red. J.G. Frazer, Cambridge, MA, 1921

Apolloniusz, Wyprawa Argonautów, wyd. jako Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, tłum. i red. W.H. Race, Cambridge, MA, 2009

Arystoteles, Fizyka, wyd. jako Aristotle, Physics, vol. 1–2, tłum. i red. P.H. Wicksteed, F.M. Cornford, Cambridge, MA, 1934–1957

Cyceron, Przeciw Werresowi, wyd. jako Cicero, The Verrine Orations, t. 1–2, tłum. i red. L.H.G. Greenwood, Cambridge, MA, 1928–1935

Hezjod, Teogonia, wyd. jako Hesiod, Theogony, Works and Days, Testimonia, tłum. i red. G.W. Most, Cambridge, MA, 2007

Homer, Odyseja, wyd. jako Homer, Odyssey, t. 1–2, tłum. i red. A.T. Murray, popr. G.E. Dimock, Cambridge, MA, 1919

Lukan, Farsalia, wyd. jako Lucan, The Civil War, tłum. i red. J.D. Duff, Cambridge, MA, 1928

Owidiusz, Metamorfozy, ks. IV, wyd. jako Ovid, Metamorphoses, t. 1–2, tłum. i red. F.J. Miller, popr. G.P. Goold, Cambridge, MA, 1916.

Pauzaniasz, Opisanie Grecji, wyd. jako Pausanias, Description of Greece, t. 1–5, tłum. i red. W.H.S. Jones, Cambridge, MA, 1918–1935

Periplus Morza Erytrejskiego, wyd. jako The Periplus Maris Erythrei with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary, tłum. i red. L. Cassons, Princeton 1989

Pliniusz, Historia Naturalna, wyd. jako Pliny, Natural History, t. 1–10, tłum. i red. D.E. Eichholz, W.H.S. Jones, H. Rackham, Cambridge, MA, 1938–1962

ŹRÓDŁA INTERNETOWE

Cascone S., Damien Hirst’s 60-Foot-Tall Demon Will Loom Over the Most Expensive, Art-Bedecked Hotel Renovation in Las Vegas’s History, „Artnet News” 2019, 3 kwietnia, dostępny w internecie: <https://news.artnet.com/art-world/damienhirst-las-vegas-hotel-demon-1507594> [dostęp: 21 marca 2020]

Damien Hirst on his new shipwreck exhibition, „BBC News” 2017, 6 kwietnia[dostęp: 29 marca 2020]

Franck Goddio, Underwater Archaeologist, dostępny w internecie: <https://www.franckgoddio.org/projects/sunken-civilizations/alexandria.html> [dostęp: 25 marca 2020]

Grecian, Cambridge Dictionary, dostępny w internecie: <https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pl/dictionary/english/grecian> [dostęp: 25 marca 2020]

Greene E.S., J. Leidwanger, Damien Hirst’s Tale of Shipwreck and Salvaged Treasure,„American Journal of Archaeology Online” 2017, 13 grudnia, dostępny w internecie:<https://www.ajaonline.org/sites/default/files/1221%20Greene_0.pdf> [dostęp: 12 marca 2019]

Hirst D., A. Haden-Guest, Interview, 23 listopada 2008, dostępny w internecie:<https://www.interviewmagazine.com/culture/damien-hirst> [dostęp: 25 marca 2020]

Halperin J., Damien Hirst Created a Fake Documentary About His Fake Venice Show—and Now You Can See It on Netflix, „Artnet News” 2019, 5 stycznia, dostępny w internecie: <https://news.artnet.com/art-world/damien-hirst-created-fake-documentary-venice-show-can-see-netflix-1192922> [dostęp: 21 marca 2020]

Hirst D., The Severed Head of Medusa, Ashmolean Museum, 2018–2019, dostępny w internecie: <https://www.ashmolean.org/event/damien-hirst-medusa> [dostęp: 29 marca 2020]

Hirst D., Wunderkammer, „damienhirst”, 2015, dostępny w internecie: <http://damienhirst.com/texts/2015/wunderkammer> [dostęp: 28 marca 2020]

Hirst D., Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable [przewodniki], Palazzo Grassi, 2017, dostępny w internecie: <https://www.palazzograssi.it/en/exhibitions/past/[dostęp: 11 stycznia 2019]

Latson J., The Barbie Doll’s Not-for-Kids Origins, „Time” 2015, 9 marca, dostępny w internecie:<https://time.com/3731483/barbie-history> [dostęp: 29 marca 2020]

Morgan T., Damien Hirst’s Shipwreck Fantasy Sinks in Venice, „Hyperallergic” 2017, 10 sierpnia, dostępny w internecie: <https://hyperallergic.com/391158/damienhirst-treasures-from-the-wreck-of-the-unbelievable-venice-punta-della-doganapalazzo-grassi> [dostęp: 29 marca 2020]

Obrist H.U., D. Hirst, An Interview, 2007, dostępny w internecie: <http://www.damienhirst.com/texts/20071/feb--huo> [dostęp: 27 marca 2020]

Parke P., Damien Hirst accused of copying African art at Venice Biennale, CNN 2017 11 maja, dostępny w internecie: <https://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/10/africa/damien-hirst-appropriation-venice-biennale> [dostęp: 3 kwietnia 2020]

Romey K., 9 Dazzling Discoveries of Ancient Gold Treasure, „National Geographic”, dostępny w internecie: <https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/10/ancient-gold-treasure-archaeology-egypt> [dostęp: 2 kwietnia 2020]

Sam Hobkinson, „IMDb”, dostępny w internecie: <https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0387700/?ref_=tt_ov_dr> [dostęp 26 marca 2020];

Tim Cragg, „IMDb”, dostępny w internecie: <https://www.imdb.com/name/nm1145108/?ref_=fn_al_nm_1> [dostęp: 26 marca 2020].

Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable (2017), „IMDb”, dostępny w internecie:<https://www.imdb.com/title/tt6980988/> [dostęp: 21 marca 2020]

Vogel C., Damien Hirst is Back With an Underwater Fantasy. Will Collectors Care?, „New York Times” 2017, 6 kwietnia, dostępny w internecie [dostęp: 29 marca 2020]

Westfall M., The White Whale 2017, 13 listopada, dostępny w internecie: <http://gristle.com/2017/11/13/the-white-whale> [dostęp: 29 marca 2020]

WYSTAWY

Hirst D., „Romance in the Age of Uncertainity”, 9 września – 18 grudnia 2003, White Cube, Londyn, Wielka Brytania

Hirst D., „New Religion”, 13 października – 19 listopada 2005, Paul Stolper Gallery, Londyn, Wielka Brytania

Hirst D., „Relics”, 10 października 2013 – 22 stycznia 2014, Qatar Museums Gallery ALRIWAQ, Doha, Katar

Hirst D., „Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable”, 9 kwietnia – 3 grudnia 2017, Punta della Dogana oraz Palazzo Grassi, Wenecja, Włochy

FILMY I SERIALE

Clash of the Titans, reż. D. Davis, 1981

The Cousteau Odyssey, seria 1, odc. 8, reż. J.-I. Cousteau, 1976 (1977)

Jason and Argonauts, reż. D. Chaffey, 1963

Jungle Book, reż. W. Reitherman, 1967

The Silent Enemy, reż. W. Fairchild, 1958

Spiderman, reż. S. Raimi, 2002

Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable, reż. S. Hobkinson, 2017