Przemiana – społeczna i osobista. „Chłop polski” jako przyczynek do analizy współczesnych przemian w szkolnictwie wyższym na świecie

Main Article Content

Joseph C. Hermanowicz


The present work represents an extrapolation of Wiliam I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki’s study, The Polish Peasant in Europe and America, on behalf of the development of sociological theory. The subject consists of careers and institutions in higher education. The curriculum vitae serves as the novel human document by which to investigate both social and personal change. Academic careers are studied by virtue of their objective and subjective dimensions. Objectively, the institution of education is revealed for the shifting expectations that govern work in academia in specific historical times (indicated by the cohort in which academics earned their Ph.D.s) and in specific socially bound places (indicated by the type of university in which academics work). Major social change in education likely spells personal change for the way in which people subjectively experience the contemporary academic career. The data come from U.S.-based academics; parallel transformational changes are observable globally. The global change discussed in the work centers on diffusion and institutionalization of the research role. The sources and consequences of this change are problematic. Akin to Thomas and Znaniecki’s larger analytic aims, patterns of change are used inductively to formulate theory: the paper culminates by postulating a theory of increasing tendencies in the way knowledge is produced in higher education institutions throughout the world.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Joseph C. Hermanowicz, J. C. H. (1). Przemiana – społeczna i osobista. „Chłop polski” jako przyczynek do analizy współczesnych przemian w szkolnictwie wyższym na świecie. Człowiek I Społeczeństwo, 48, 141–163.


  1. Abbott, A. (1999). Department and Discipline: Chicago Sociology at One Hundred. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  2. Bentley, P.J., Kyvik, S. (2012). Academic work from a comparative perspective: A survey of faculty working time across 13 countries. Higher Education, 63, 529–547.
  3. Berg, M., Seeber, B.K. (2016). The Slow Professor: Challenging the Culture of Speed in the Academy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  4. Brennan, J. (2010). Burton Clark’s The Higher Education System: Academic organization in cross-national perspective. London Review of Education, 8(3), 229–237.
  5. Bulmer, M. (1984). The Chicago School of Sociology: Institutionalization, Diversity, and the Rise of Sociological Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  6. Burris, V. (2004). The Academic Caste System: Prestige hierarchies in Ph.D. Exchange networks. American Sociological Review, 69(2), 239–264.
  7. Clark, B.R. (1983). The Higher Education System: Academic Organization in Cross-National Perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  8. Coser, L.A. (1971). W.I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki. W: idem, Masters of Sociological Thought (ss. 511–559). New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
  9. Drori, G.S., Meyer, J.W., Ramirez, F.O., Schofer, E. (2003). Science in the Modern World Polity: Institutionalization and Globalization. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  10. Espeland, W.N., Sauder, M. (2007). Rankings and reactivity: How public measures recreate social worlds. American Journal of Sociology, 113(1), 1–40.
  11. Geiger, R.L. (2004). Knowledge and Money: Research Universities and the Paradox of the Marketplace. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  12. Giroux, H.A. (2002). Neoliberalism, corporate culture, and the promise of higher education: The university as a democratic sphere. Harvard Educational Review, 72(4), 425–463.
  13. Goldberger, M.L., Maher, B.A., Flattau, P.E. (red.). (1995). Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States: Continuity and Change. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
  14. Harvey, D. (2005). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  15. Hermanowicz, J.C. (2011). Anomie in the American academic profession. W: J.C. Hermanowicz (red.), The American Academic Profession: Transformation in Contemporary Higher Education (ss. 216–237). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  16. Hermanowicz, J.C. (2016a). The proliferation of publishing: Economic rationality and ritualized productivity in a neoliberal era. American Sociologist, 47(2), 174–191.
  17. Hermanowicz, J. (2016b), Universities, Academic Careers, and the Valorization of ‘Shiny Things’, The University Under Pressure (Research in the Sociology of Organizations, Vol. 46), Emerald Group Publishing Limited (ss. 303–328).
  18. Hermanowicz, J.C. (2018). The professoriate in international perspective. W: M.B. Paulson (red.), Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research (ss. 239–293). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
  19. Hermanowicz, J.C., Clayton, K.A. (2018). Contemporary academic publishing: Democratization and differentiation in careers. Journal of Higher Education, 89(6): 865–891.
  20. Hopwood, A.G. (1987). The archeology of accounting systems. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 12(3), 207–234.
  21. Hüther, O., Krücken, G. (2016). Nested organizational fields: Isomorphism and differentiation among European universities. W: E.P. Berman, C. Paradeise (red.), Research in the Sociology of Organizations: The University Under Pressure (ss. 53–83). Bingley: Emerald.
  22. Janowitz, M. (1966). Introduction. W: M. Janowitz (red.), W.I. Thomas: On Social Organization and Social Personality (ss. vii–lviii). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  23. Krücken, G., Drori, G.S. (2009). World Society: The Writing of John W. Meyer. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  24. Madge, J. (1962). The Origins of Scientific Sociology. New York: Free Press.
  25. Marks, K. (1964). Early Writings, przekład na język angielski: T.B. Bottomore. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  26. Merton, R.K. (1973). The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations, N.W. Storer (oprac. i wstęp) (ss. 267–278). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  27. Merton, R.K. ([1957] 1968). Social Structure and Anomie. W: idem, Social Theory and Social Structure (ss. 185–214). New York: Free Press.
  28. Meyer, J.W. (1986). The Self and the life course: Institutionalization and its effects. W: A.B. Sorensen, F.E. Weinert, L.R. Sherrod (red.), Human Development and the Life Course: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  29. Meyer, J.W., Rowan, B. (1977). Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83, 340–363.
  30. Meyer, J.W., Ramirez, F.O., Frank, D.J., Schofer, E. (2007). Higher education as an institution. W: P. Gumport (red.), Sociology of Higher Education: Contributions and Their Contexts (ss. 187–221). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  31. Miller, P., O’Leary, T. (1987). Accounting and the construction of the governable person. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 12(3), 235–265.
  32. Power, M. (1997). The Audit Society: Rituals of Verification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  33. Shin, J.C., Kehm, B.M. (red.). (2013). Institutionalization of World-Class University in Global Competition. Dordrecht: Springer.
  34. Shin, J.C., Toutkoushian, R.K., Teichler, U. (2011). University Rankings: Theoretical Basis, Methodology and Impacts on Global Higher Education. Dordrecht: Springer.
  35. Slaughter, S. (2011). Academic freedom, professional autonomy, and the state. W: J.C. Hermanowicz (red.), The American Academic Profession: Transformation in Higher Education (ss. 241–273). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  36. Slaughter, S., Leslie, L. (1997). Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies, and the Entrepreneurial State. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  37. Slaughter, S., Rhoades, G. (2004). Academic Capitalism and the New Economy: Markets, State, and Higher Education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  38. Teichler, U. (2014). On the move towards a new convergent design of higher education systems? W: J.C. Shin, U. Teichler (red.), The Future of the Post-Massified University at the Crossroads (ss. 229–248). Dordrecht: Springer.
  39. Thomas, W.I. (1923). The Unadjusted Girl. Boston: Little, Brown.
  40. Thomas, W.I., Znaniecki F. [1918–1920] (1958). The Polish Peasant in Europe and America, t. 1–5. New York: Dover.
  41. Thompson-Reuters. (2000). Social Sciences Citation Index. http://ip-science.thompsonreuters. com.
  42. Thompson-Reuters. (2015). Social Sciences Citation Index. http://ip-science.thompsonreuters. com.
  43. Tuchman, G. (2009). Wannabe U: Inside the Corporate University. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  44. Vostal, F. (2016). Accelerating Academia: The Changing Structure of Academic Time. Houndsmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  45. Warren, R. (2016). One thing I learned by editing sociology of education. 3 sierpnia. sociology-of-education/, dostęp: 26.04.2018.