Uniwersytet podczas informacyjnego tsunami

Main Article Content

Szymon Wróbel

Abstrakt

Luciano Floridi and Nick Srnicek claims that with a decline in manufacturing profitability, capitalism has turned to data as one way to maintain economic growth in the face of a slow production sector. In the twenty-first century data have become central to firms and their relations with workers and customers (Floridi, 2013; Srnicek 2017). The platform has emerged as a new model, capable of extracting and controlling immense amounts of data, and with this shift we have seen the rise of monopolistic firms. We are told that today we are living in an age of massive transformation. Platforms, big data, additive manufacturing, advanced robotics, machine learning, and the internet of things – create our current living environment. In the presented text I am going to ask what is the place of the university in such a new digital constellation? What are universities for in the time of platform capitalism? My main line of reasoning follows to idea of “entrepreneurial state”. An innovative university is understood as an analogue of an “entrepreneurial state”. Mariana Mazzucato has convincingly demonstrated that developments like railways, the internet, computing, supersonic flight, space travel, satellites, pharmaceuticals, voice-recognition software, nanotechnology, touchscreensand clean energy have all been nurtured and guided by states, not corporations. During the golden postwar era of research and development, two-thirds of research and development was publicly funded. High-risk inventions and new technologies are too risky for private capitalists to invest in (Mazzucato, 2014; Srnicek, Williams, 2015). Socializing of the risk and privatization of profits – this is the main climate of “non-innovative capitalism”.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Wróbel, S. (2020). Uniwersytet podczas informacyjnego tsunami. Człowiek I Społeczeństwo, 49, 111–134. https://doi.org/10.14746/cis.2020.49.7
Dział
ARTYKUŁY

Referencje

  1. Arum, R., Josipa R. (2011). Academically Adrift: Limited learning on college campuses. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  2. Blair, A.M. (2011). Too Much to Know: Managing scholarly information before the modern age. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  3. Bloom, A. (1987). The Closing of the American Mind: How higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today’s students. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  4. Braidotti, R. (2013). The Posthuman. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  5. Christensen, C.M., Eyring H.J. (2011). The Innovative University: Changing the DNA of higher education from the inside out. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  6. Clark, W. (2006). Academic Charisma and the Origins of the Research University. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  7. Collini, S. (2012). What Are Universities For? London: Penguin.
  8. Collini, S. (2017). Speaking of Universities. London: Verso.
  9. Derrida, J. (2002). Without Alibi. Meridian: Crossing Aesthetics, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  10. Floridi, L. (2014). The Fourth Revolution: How the infosphere is reshaping human reality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  11. Foucault, M. (2003). Society Must Be Defended. Lectures at the College de France, 1975–1976, trans. D.M. Picador. Ed. by M. Bertani, A. Fontana. New York: Picador.
  12. Kant, I. ([1798] 2001). The Conflict of the Faculties. W: Immanuel Kant: Religion and Rational Theology, ed. and trans. by A.W. Wood and G. di Giovanni. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  13. Kelly, K. (2016). The Inevitable: Understanding the 12 technological forces that will shape our future. New York: Viking.
  14. Lambert, G. (2001). Report to the Academy (re: The New Conflict of the Faculties). Aurora: Davies Group Publishers.
  15. Lyotard, J.-F. (1984). Postmodern Condition the Postmodern Condition: A report on knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  16. Marx K., Engels F. ([1848] 2008). The Manifesto of the Communist Party. London: Pluto Press.
  17. Maxwell, R., Miller T. (2012). Greening the Media. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  18. Mazzucato, M. (2014). The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking public vs. private sector myths. London, New York: Anthem Other Canon Economics Anthem Press.
  19. Moore, J.W. (2015). Capitalism in the Web of Life: Ecology and the accumulation of capital. London: Verso.
  20. Muller, J.Z. (2018). The Tyranny of Metrics. Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press.
  21. Nash, K. (2019). Neo-liberalisation, universities and the values of bureaucracy. The Sociological Review, 67 (1), s. 178–193.
  22. Nussbaum, M. (1997). Cultivating Humanity: A classical defense of reform in liberal education. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
  23. Nussbaum, Martha C. (2010) Not for Profit. Why democracy needs humanities. Princeton University Press.
  24. Rancière J. (2004). The Philosopher and His Poor, trans. A. Parker. Durham NC: Duke University Press.
  25. Readings, B. (1996). The University in Ruins. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  26. Schiller, D. (2014). Digital Depression: Information technology and economic crisis. Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press.
  27. Scholz, T. (2015). Platform Cooperativism: Challenging the corporate sharing economy. New York: Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung.
  28. Schumpeter, J.A. ([1942] 2014) Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Floyd, Virginia: Impact Books.
  29. Srnicek, N. (2016). Platform Capitalism. Cambridge, UK; Malden, MA: Polity Press.
  30. Srnicek, N., Williams, A. (2015). Inventing the Future: postcapitalism and a world without work. London: Verso.
  31. Stiegler, B. (2015). States of Shock. Stupidity and knowledge in the twenty-first century, trans. D. Ross. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  32. Wellmon, Ch. (2015). Organizing Enlightenment: Information overload and the invention of the modern research university. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  33. Wernick, A. (2006). University. Theory, Culture & Society, 23(2–3), 557–579.
  34. Wolfe, C. (2010). What is Posthumanism?. Minneapolis, London: University of Minnesota Press.