The living past and self-made future: Li Dazhao’s metaphilosophy of history

Main Article Content

Dawid Rogacz

Abstrakt

The paper offers a reconstruction and re-evalutation of the philosophy of history developed by Li Dazhao (1889–1927) – one of the first Chinese Communists. It is argued that despite its marginal treatment in scholarly literature, Li’s philosophy stands out from the thought of other Chinese Marxists for its creative interpretation of historical materialism and a critical engagement with Marx’s view of class struggle and the economic base. Furthermore, in his philosophy of history, Li Dazhao innovatively draws on the Confucian idea of Great Unity (datong), Daoist criticism of heroism, and, most importantly, the concept of ‘life’ in Lebensphilosophie. In addition, the article shows that Li’s view of the historical process was consistently complemented with an exceptional meta-philosophy of history and the philosophy of historiography which shared the premises of the much later narrativist epistemology of history.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Rogacz, D. (2022). The living past and self-made future: Li Dazhao’s metaphilosophy of history. Człowiek I Społeczeństwo, 53, 187-199. https://doi.org/10.14746/cis.2022.53.11
Dział
ARTYKUŁY

Referencje

  1. Chan, A. (2003). Chinese Marxism. London: Bloomsbury.
  2. Dirlik, A. (2005). Marxism in the Chinese Revolution. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
  3. Hendrischke, B. (1991). The Concept of Inherited Evil in the Taiping jing. East Asian History, 2, 1–30.
  4. Huang, S. (2018). The Ultimate Realization of the Confucian Ideal Universal Harmony as Seen by China’s Revolutionary Thinker Li Dazhao (1889–1927). Ultimate Reality and Meaning, 9(3), 188–209.
  5. Knight, N. (2005). Marxist Philosophy in China: From Qu Qiubai to Mao Zedong, 1923–1945. Dordrecht: Springer.
  6. Ku, H. (1921). China, Europe and the Devil. The Living Age, 308, 563–567.
  7. Li, D. (2006). Collected Works of Li Dazhao 李大釗全集. Beijing: People’s Press.
  8. Lu, X. (2011). The Confucian Ideal of Great Harmony (Datong 大同), the Daoist Account of Change, and the Theory of Socialism in the Work of Li Dazhao. Asian Philosophy, 21(2), 171–192.
  9. Marx, K. (1956). Selected Writings in Sociology and Social Philosophy, transl. T. Bottomore, London: C.A. Watts and Co.
  10. Meisner, M. (1965). Li Ta-Chao and the Chinese Communist Treatment of the Materialist Conception of History. The China Quarterly, 24, 141–169.
  11. Meisner, M. (1967). Li Ta-chao and the Origins of Chinese Marxism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  12. Rogacz, D. (2021). Historical Materialism in Medieval China: The Cases of Liu Zongyuan (773–819) and Li Gou (1009–1059). Asian Philosophy, 31(4), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/09552367.2021.1924437.
  13. Topolski, J. (1976). Methodology of History. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing.
  14. White, H. (1973). Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  15. Zhang, R. (2016). Historiography and Chinese Modernity: A Study of the Historiographical Ideas of Li Dazhao. Chinese Studies in History, 49(2), 80–89.