Pochodzenie nowobabilońskich dokumentów prawnych z Kolekcji Ashmolean Muzeum

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Stanisław Chmielowski

Abstrakt

The majority of currently known Neo-Babylonian legal and administrative documents from Kish come from excavations held on this site by the joint expedition of Oxford – Field Museum (Chicago) between 1923–1933. They are now housed in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. However, ca. 40 Neo-Babylonian ‘Kish’ tablets, i.e., written in Ḫursagkalamma or Kiš, are present in other collections. How did they end up in these museums assuming that most of them was acquired in the last quarter of the 19th century, 30–50 years before the expedition mentioned above? I suppose that they were not found in Kish, even though their Ausstellungsort indicates quite the opposite. They instead come from nearby Babylon or Borsippa cities. The analysis conducted in the article seems to confirm this assumption, and for most cases, the provided attribution should be considered. Additionally, tablets under discussion are testimonies of the vivid economic life of entrepreneurial Babylonians in the first millennium BC.

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Article Details

Jak cytować
Chmielowski, S. (2019). Pochodzenie nowobabilońskich dokumentów prawnych z Kolekcji Ashmolean Muzeum. Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia, 24, 11-34. https://doi.org/10.14746/fpp.2019.24.01
Dział
STUDIA – DYSKUSJE
Biogram autora

Stanisław Chmielowski, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Instytut Historii

Stanisław Chmielowski,  Instytut Historii, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, ul. Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 7, 61-614 Poznań, stanislaw.chmielowski@amu.edu.pl

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  59. Other markings
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  61. Bertin siglum of unpublished copies of cuneiform tablets in the British Museum drawn by G. Bertin.
  62. BM siglum of the cuneiform tablets in the British Museum.
  63. MMA siglum of cuneiform tablets in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  64. NBC siglum of cuneiform tablets in the Nies Babylonian Collection.
  65. ROM siglum of cuneiform tablets in the Royal Ontario Museum.
  66. Sp. siglum of cuneiform tablets in the Spartali I collection in the British Museum.
  67. VAT siglum of cuneiform tablets in the Vorderasiatisches Museum.