Piłka nożna, styl życia i procesy reprodukcji kulturowej w Stanach Zjednoczonych

Słowa kluczowe

middle class
cultural reproduction
soccer mom

Jak cytować

Melosik, Z. . (2020). Piłka nożna, styl życia i procesy reprodukcji kulturowej w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Studia Edukacyjne, (42), 119–130. https://doi.org/10.14746/se.2016.42.7


In his article the author considers the paradox of soccer appropriation in the United States. It is rejected by majority of Americans at the professional level as they prefer football, basketball and baseball. However, at the recreational level soccer is used by middle class and upper middle class as a form of their status confirmation and for cultural reproduction. The symbol of such an approach is analysed – the „soccer mom” as a person who considers soccer as a very valuable exercise experience for her daughters and sons.



Andrews D.L., Contextualizing Suburban Soccer: Consumer Culture, Lifestyle Differentiation and Suburban America, [w:] Football Culture: Local Contests, Global Visions, red. G.P.T. Finn, R. Giulianotti, London 2000.

Andrews D.L., Pitter R., Zwick D., Ambrose D., Soccer, Race, and Suburban Space, [w:] Sporting Dystopias: The Making and Meaning of Urban Sport Cultures, red. R.C. Wilcox, D.L. Andrews, R. Pitter, R.L. Irvin, Albany 2003.

Foer F., How Football Explains the World, London 2004.

Friedman H.L., Playing to Win. Raising Children in a Competitive Culture, Berkeley 2013.

Gems G.R., Pfister G., Understanding American Sports, Abingdon 2009.

Gromkowska-Melosik A., Elitarne szkolnictwo średnie. Między reprodukcją społecznokulturową a ruchliwością konkurencyjną, Poznań 2015.

Hase M., Race in Soccer as a Global Sport, [w:] Sports Matters. Race, Recreation and Culture, red. J. Bloom, M.N. Willard, New York 2002.

Hopkins G., Star-Spangled Soccer. The Selling, Marketing and Management of Soccer in the USA, New York 2010.




Markovits A.S., Hellerman S.L., Offside: Soccer and American Exceptionalism, Princeton 2001.

Markovits A.S., Rensmann L., Gaming the World. How Sports are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture, Woodstock 2010.

Melosik Z., Kryzys męskości w kulturze współczesnej, Kraków 2006.

Phillipis Academy Andover, Girls Varsity Soccer, 2015 New England Champions; adres internetowy http://www.andover.edu/Athletics/Teams/GSOV/Pages/default.aspx

Slatton M., Where does all the money go? (Youth Soccer Fees), 2.12.2012; portal internetowy: „Soccer Mom. The Manual. Explanations, clarifications and opinions on Youth Soccer in America”

Soccer vs. Football: Field Size; adres interntowy: http://themediadude.blogspot.de/2006/06/soccer-vs-football-field-size.html

Swanson L., Complicating the „Soccer Mom”: The Cultural Politics of Forming Class-Based Identity, Distinction and Necessity, Research Quarterly for Excercise and Sport, 2009, 80, 2.

US Youth Soccer, baza danych dotyczących młodzieŜowej piłki noŜnej w Stanach Zjednoczonych; adres internetowy: http://www.usyouthsoccer.org/media_kit/ataglance/