Neoliberalizm i desekularyzacja jako dwa wymiary reform edukacji we współczesnej Turcji

Main Article Content

Dobrochna Hildebrandt-Wypych


The text focuses on neoliberalism and desecularisation as two major dimensions of social and educational change in contemporary Turkey. Key educational reforms of recent years are discussed from the perspective of the conservative-religious turn in Turkish society and politics, particularly noticeable from 2002, i.e. the first AKP electoral success. However, the origins of the Oriental-Western duality of identity, as well as the “use” of Islam for strengthening the new Turkish national identity, can be traced back to Kemalist policy of secularisation and modernization of Turkish society. This peculiar merge of neoliberal and religious symbols is also visible in education, where selforientalizing, nationalizing and secularizing discourses mix with the pressure on selection, effectiveness and competition in the “western” style. Therefore, the rising importance of faith schools in present day Turkey has also been discussed in the light of the historical Kemalist concept of transformation of Islam and the creation of national, state-controlled “civic religion”.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Hildebrandt-Wypych , D. (1). Neoliberalizm i desekularyzacja jako dwa wymiary reform edukacji we współczesnej Turcji. Studia Edukacyjne, (43), 21-41.


  1. Altinyelken H.K., The Demand for Private Tutoring in Turkey. Unintended Consequences of Curriculum Reform, [w:] Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean. Power Dynamics and Implications for Learning and Equity, red. M. Bray, A.E. Mazawi, R.G. Sultana, Sense Publishers, Rotterdam 2013.
  2. Atakav E., Women and Turkish Cinema. Gender Politics, Cultural Identity and Representation, Rutledge, London and New York 2013.
  3. Azak U., Islam and Secularism in Turkey: Kemalism, Religion and the Nation State, I.B. Tauris, New York 2010.
  4. Bray M., Private Tutoring Across the Mediterranean, Power Dynamics and Implications for Learning and Equity, red. M. Bray, A.E. Mazawi, R.G. Sultana, Sense Publishers, Rot-terdam 2013.
  5. Castells M., Siła tożsamości, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2009.
  6. Christie-Miller A., Erdoğan Launches Sunni Islamist Revival in Turkish Schools, “Newsweek”, 2014.12.26.
  7. Genç M.F., Avest I ter, Miedema S., Religious education in two secular multicultural societies: the Turish and Duth case compared, Procedia. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2011, 15.
  9. [dostęp: 21.07.2015].
  10. [dostęp: 20.07.2015].
  11. [dostęp: 20.07.2015].
  12. Kaymakcan R., Religious Education in Modern Turkey in the Context of Freedom of Religion or Belief, [w:] Teaching for Tolerance and Freedom of Religion of Belief, Report from prepara-tory seminar held in Oslo, December 7-9, 2002.
  13. Kieniewicz J., Spotkania Wschodu, Novus Orbis, Gdańsk 1999.
  14. Konstytucja Republiki Tureckiej, Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, Warszawa 2013, http:// [dostęp: 21.07.2015].
  15. Letsch C., Turkish parents complain of push towards religious schools, “The Guardian”, 12.02.2015.
  16. OECD, Education at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing, Paris 2013.
  17. OECD, Education Policy Outlook: Turkey 2013, October 2013. Said E., Orientalism, Pantheon, New York 1978.
  18. Szkudlarek M., Od Atatürka do Erdoğana – ewolucja roli religii w Turcji w okresie rządów AKP, Refleksje, 2014, 9.
  19. Tekin O., Turkey's 2015 election results, Today's Zeman, 2015.06.11 ( 384983).
  20. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought, red. G. Böwering, Princeton Univer-sity Press, Princeton 2013.
  21. Tolunay Ö., Women in Erdoğan’s Turkey, New Politics, Volume XIV-4, Winter 2014 (
  22. Van Os N.A.N.M., Polygamy before and after the Introduction of the Swiss Civil Code in Tur-key, [w:] The State and the Subaltern. Modernization, Society and the State in Turkey and Iran, red. T. Atabaki, Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2007
  23. Yavuz M.H., Islamic Political Identity in Turkey, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2003.
  24. Zastawna-Templin A., Problem zamykania partii politycznych w Turcji w kontekście starań o członkostwo w Unii Europejskiej, [w:] Turcja i Europa. Wyzwania i szanse, red. A. Szy-mański, Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych, Warszawa 2011.
  25. Zeydanhoğlu W., The White Turkish Man's Burden: Orientalism, Kemalism and the Kurds in Turkey, [w:] Neo-Colonial Mentalities in Contemporary Europe? Language and Discourse in the Construction of Identities, red. G. Rings, A. Ife, Cambridge Scholars Publishers, Newcastle UK 2008.