Zjawisko przeedukowania i inflacji dyplomu akademickiego – na przykładzie spo-łeczeństwa amerykańskiego

Main Article Content

Anna Sobczak

Abstrakt

Democratization and massification of higher education has resulted in the appearance of a disadvan-tageous phenomenon known as the overeducation of society. The term refers to a situation in which there is a surplus of people with higher education in relation to the needs of the society and the labor market. This has led to academic diploma inflation, which does not have such a high value as it used to and currently does not guarantee professional success and high social status. The aim of the article is to present selected aspects of this problem in American society. In this study, the definitions of the eponymous phenomenon are presented as well as statistical data and the main trends regarding the overeducation of the society in the United States.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Sobczak, A. (2018). Zjawisko przeedukowania i inflacji dyplomu akademickiego – na przykładzie spo-łeczeństwa amerykańskiego. Studia Edukacyjne, (49), 431-444. https://doi.org/10.14746/se.2018.49.25
Dział
Studia i rozprawy
Biogram autora

Anna Sobczak, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu

Anna Sobczak, mgr, Wydział Studiów Edukacyjnych, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu

Bibliografia

  1. Becker G.S., Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, With Special Reference to Education, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1964.
  2. Bourdieu P., Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1984.
  3. Burning Glass Technologies, The Permanent Detour. Underemployment’s Long-Term Effects on the Careers of College Grads, https://www.burning-glass.com/wp-content/uploads/permanent_detour_underemployment_report.pdf [dostęp: 19.09.2018].
  4. Burning Glass, Moving the Goalposts: How Demand for a Bachelor’s Degree Is Reshaping the Workforce, Boston 2014, https://www.burning-glass.com/wp-content/uploads/Moving_the_Goalposts.pdf [dostęp: 20.09.2018].
  5. Burris V., The Social and Political Consequences of Overeducation, American Sociological Review, 1983, 48(4).
  6. Clark B., Joubert C., Maurel A., The career prospects of overeducated Americans, IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2017, 6(3).
  7. Delsen L., Exit Polder Model?: Socioeconomic Changes in the Netherlands, Cambridge University Press, Westport 2002.
  8. Denek K., Uniwersytet w perspektywie społeczeństwa wiedzy. Nauka i edukacja w uniwersytecie XXI wieku, Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiki i Administracji im. Mieszka I w Poznaniu, Poznań 2011.
  9. Długosz P., Efekt odwrócenia – przypadek polskiego systemu edukacji, Teraźniejszość – Człowiek – Edukacja, 2013, 3(63).
  10. Dolton P.J., Vignoles A., Overeducation. Problem or not? [w:] Changing Relationships between Higher Education and the State, red. M. Henkel, B. Little, Harvard University Press, London 1999.
  11. Ehrenberg R.G., Smith R.S., Modern Labor Economics. Theory and Public Policy, Pearson, Boston 2012.
  12. Feldman D.C., The nature, antecedents and consequences of underemployment, Journal of Management, 1996, 22(3).
  13. Freeman R.B., The Overeducated American, Academic Press, New York 1976.
  14. Gillett R., 33 college majors where graduates don’t end up doing what they expect, https://www.businessinsider.com/college-majors-highest-underemployment-2016-6?IR=T, [dostęp: 17.09.2018].
  15. Górniewicz J., Stare i nowe problemy szkolnictwa wyższego – wprowadzenie w problematykę, [w:] Szkolnictwo wyższe wczoraj i dziś. Wybrane zagadnienia, red. J. Górniewicz, M. Warmiński, Centrum Badań Społecznych UWM, Olsztyn 2017.
  16. Hurn Ch.J., The limits and possibilities of schooling. An introduction to the sociology of education, University of Massachusetts, Boston 1985.
  17. International Labour Organization (ILO), Underemployment statistics, http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics-and-databases/statistics-overview-and-topics/underemployment/lang--en/index.htm [dostęp: 14.09.2018].
  18. Kvinien O., Ahola S., Higher education as human risk capital, Higher Education, 1999, 38.
  19. La Monica P. R., Blue-collar jobs are booming in America, https://money.cnn.com/2018/01/05/investing/jobs-report-construction-manufacturing/index.html [dostęp: 16.09.2018].
  20. Li I., Malvin M., Simonson R.D., Overeducation and Employment Mismatch: Wage Penalties for College Degrees in Business, Journal of Education for Business, 2015.
  21. Marques A.P., Unequal Itineraries for Graduates: A Typology of Entrance into Labour Market, Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2015, 4(1S2).
  22. Martin E., Here’s how much more expensive it is for you to go to college than it was for your parents, https://www.cnbc.com/2017/11/29/how-much-college-tuition-has-increasedfrom-1988-to-2018.html, [dostęp: 20.09.2018].
  23. McGuinness S., Overeducation in the Labour Market, Journal of Economic Surveys, 2006, 20(3).
  24. McKee-Ryan F.M., Harvey J., “I have a job, but...”: A review of underemployment, Journal of Management, 2011, 37(4).
  25. Melosik Z., Uniwersytet i społeczeństwo. Dyskursy wolności, wiedzy i władzy, Oficyna Wydawnicza Impuls, Kraków 2009.
  26. Melosik Z., Kultura popularna i tożsamość młodzieży. W niewoli władzy i wolności, Oficyna Wydawnicza Impuls, Kraków 2013.
  27. Melosik Z., Edukacja uniwersytecka i stratyfikacja społeczna, [w:] Edukacja akademicka. Między oczekiwaniami a rzeczywistością, red. A. Ćwikliński, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań 2014.
  28. National Center for Education Statistics, https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=372, [dostęp: 15.09.2018].
  29. National Center for Education Statistics, https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d17/tables/dt17_303.10.asp [dostęp: 15.09.2018].
  30. PayScale, The Gender Breakdown in Underemployment, https://www.payscale.com/data-packages/underemployment/gender, [dostęp: 17.09.2018].
  31. PayScale, The Underemployment Big Picture, https://www.payscale.com/data-packages/underemployment, [dostęp: 17.09.2018].
  32. Piróg D., Wybrane teorie przechodzenia absolwentów szkół wyższych na rynek pracy w warunkach gospodarki opartej na wiedzy, Prace Komisji Geografii Przemysłu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, 2013, 23.
  33. Rampell C., The college degree has become the new high school degree, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/catherine-rampell-the-college-degree-has-become-the-newhigh-school-degree/2014/09/08/e935b68c-378a-11e4-8601-97ba88884ffd_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d79bc6f0c5cc [dostęp: 20.09.2018].
  34. Ross J., African-Americans With College Degrees Are Twice As Likely to Be Unemployed as Other Graduates, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/05/african-americans-with-college-degrees-are-twice-as-likely-to-be-unemployed-as-other-graduates/430971/, [dostęp: 20.09.2018].
  35. Suchanek L., Studia masowe i elitarne. Jaki ma być homo occidentalis, [w:] Szkolnictwo wyższe w obliczu zmian. Tomaszowice 15-17 listopada 2014, red. Sz. Biliński, Polska Akademia Umiejętności, Debaty PAU, t. II, Kraków 2015.
  36. Szaban J.M., Rynek pracy w Polsce i w Unii Europejskiej, Wydanie 2, Wydawnictwo Difin, Warszawa 2016.
  37. Thompson K.W., Shea T.H., Sikora D.M., Perrewé P.L., Ferris G.R., Rethinking underemployment and overqualification in organizations: The not so ugly truth, Business Horizon, 2013, 56.
  38. Ueno K., Krause A., Overeducation, perceived career progress, and work satisfaction in young adulthood, Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 2018, 55.
  39. Vaisey S., Education and its Discontents: Overqualification in America, 1972-2002, Social Forces, 2006, 85(2).