Main Article Content
Each student has their own individuality and special interests. One of the greatest challenges facing contemporary teachers is how to fascinate and link the students to the learning, to cause them to get excited and feel satisfaction. However, is it possible to attach different students with a diversity of abilities, dissimilar knowledge and different interests, to the same subject? Or is it a dream that cannot be fulfilled? The current article will introduce a new learning model, by using the ‘iceberg learning model’, understanding the influence of the ‘butterfly effect’ and the connection to the special ‘multiple intelligences’ of each student. Instead of seeing the subject of learning as a collection of facts, the concept of the iceberg sees the subject as a vast world full of information connected to endless forms related to the students’ areas of life. Therefore, the Iceberg learning method allows each student to be linked to the learning topic according to their own abilities, interests and desires; by using their unique strengths and utilizing their individual substantial intelligences.
Utwór dostępny jest na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe.
- Adkins S.S., Beneath the Tip of the Iceberg: Technology Plumbs the Affective Learning Domain, TD, 2004, Feb, 58(2).
- Al-Wadi N.I., Teachers’ Perceptions toward Enhancing Learning through Multiple Intelligences Theory in Elementary School: A Mixed Methods Study. A dissertation of Doctor of Philosophy, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana 2012, URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10484/3733.
- Baron N., When Homer Simpson met Pythagoras: the method which adapt the materials to each student, 2018, In: http://www.edunow.org.il/edunow-media-story-254248?utm_content=buffer2b011&utm_ medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer.
- Boeing G., Visual Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Chaos, Fractals, Self-Similarity and the Limits of Prediction, Systems, 2016, 4 (4): 37.doi:10.3390/systems4040037. Archived from the original on 2016-12-03. Retrieved 2016-12-02. In: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly_effect.
- Davis K., Christodoulou J.A., Seider S., Gardner H., The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, [In:] Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence, Eds. R.J. Sternberg, S.B. Kaufman, Cambridge University Press, New York 2011.
- Friedman T.L., The world is flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century, NY: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, New York 2005.
- Fueyo V., Below the tip of the iceberg: Teaching Language-minority students, Teaching Exceptional Children, 1997, Sep/Oct, 30(1), 61.
- Gardner H., Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century, Basic Books, New York 1999.
- Griffin P., McGaw B., Care E. (Eds), Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills, Springer, Melbourn, Australia 2012.
- Hilborn R.C., Sea gulls, butterflies, and grasshoppers: A brief history of the butterfly effect in nonlinear dynamics, American Journal of Physics, 2004, 72.
- Jerald C.D., Defining a 21st century education, VA: The Center for Public Education, Alexandria 2009, Retrieved from http://www.centerforpubliceducation.org.
- King M.M., Twenty-First Century Teaching and Learning, Dissertation, Presented to the Educational Leadership Program of the College of Saint Elizabeth in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education. Morristown, New Jersey 2012.
- Lorenz E.N., Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 1963, March, 20(2). Bibcode:1963JAtS...20..130L. doi:10.1175/1520 0469(1963)020<0130:dnf>2.0.co;2.in: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly_effect.
- Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development. (2009). Creating effective teaching and learning environments: First results from TALIS. Paris, France: Author. In: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/003172171209400203?journalCode=pdka.
- Partnership for 21st Century Skills, Learning for the 21st century: A report and mile guide for 21st century skills, 2002, Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/downloads/P21_Report.pdf.
- Saavedra A.R., Opfer V.D., Learning 21st-century skills requires 21st-century teaching, Kappan, 2012, 94(2).
- Schleicher A., Preparing teachers and developing school leaders for the 21st century: Lessons from around the world, OECD, Paris, France 2012.
- Shahzada G., Khan U.A., Islam F., Faqir K., Interrelation of Multiple Intelligences and their Correlation with Students’ Academic Achievements: A Case Study of Southern Region, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 2014, Winter, 8(2).
- Webb D.C., Boswinkel N., Dekker T., Beneath the tip of the iceberg: Using representations to support student understanding, Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2008, 14(2).
- Westenskow A., Moyer-Packenham P., Using an Iceberg Intervention Model to Understand Equivalent Fraction Learning when Students with Mathematical Learning Difficulties use Different Manipulatives, International Journal of Technology in Mathematics Education, 2015, 23(2).
- Westenskow A., Moyer-Packenham P., Using an iceberg intervention model to understand equivalent fraction learning when students with mathematical learning difficulties use different manipulatives, The International Journal for Technology in Mathematics Education, 2016, 23(2).
- Westenskow A., Moyer-Packenham P., Child B., An Iceberg Model for Improving Mathematical Understanding and Mindset or Disposition: An Individualized Summer Intervention Program, Journal of Education, 2017, 197(1).
- Woods A., Medium-range weather prediction: The European approach; The story of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Springer, New York 2005. In: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly_effect.
- Zhao Y., Education in the flat world: Implications of globalization on education, Edge: The Latest Information for the Education Practitioner, 2007, 2(4).