“Autogangs”. Car Smuggle to Communist Poland in the 1980s

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Karol Nawrocki

Abstract

The article refers to the economic consequences of the post-war division of Europe into the capitalist West and communist East. One of the consequences of this division was the creation of peculiar crime phenomenon on the eastern side of the “iron curtain”, which consist on exploit the prices and goods availability differences between wealthy West and backward East of Europe. This being the case of illegal movement of goods, begun from the 1940s, between those two worlds. In article you can find the outline of characteristic for the whole Polish “People’s” Republic period smuggling conducts. The key subject of following text is first of all the problem of car smuggling in the 1980s, which wasn’t researched by polish historians before. In this interesting for us times in Western Europe (West Germany, Austria, France) and in Scandinavia at least few groups of organized crime were active in a areas of car stealing and smuggling a luxury goods into Poland. The essence of following article are the presentation of these groups, their bosses, criminal practices and techniques and indication of the cooperation between polish car smugglers and western countries citizens. Sources for this text are based first of all on operational and investigation records of former Security Service collected in archives of the Institute of National Remembrance.

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How to Cite
Nawrocki, K. (2017). “Autogangs”. Car Smuggle to Communist Poland in the 1980s. Studia Historiae Oeconomicae, 34, 167-182. https://doi.org/10.2478/sho-2016-0010
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Karol Nawrocki, The Institute of National Remembrance, Gdańsk

Karol Nawrocki – PhD, graduated master and doctoral studies at the University of Gdańsk, Head of the National Education Office of the Institute of National Remembrance in Gdańsk. His scientific interest include organized crime problems in Polish “People’s” Republic, history of sport and history of anti-communist opposition.

References

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