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Human security, prawa człowieka i prawo międzynarodowe - relacje między nimi

Agnieszka Szpak

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14746/ssp.2019.1.9

Abstrakt


Autorka analizuje związek między prawem międzynarodowym a koncepcją bez­pieczeństwa ludzkiego, które pojawiła się w latach 90-tych XX wieku. Artykuł jest podzielony na trzy części. Część 1 przedstawia pojęcie bezpieczeństwa ludzkiego, jego genezę i treść. Część 2 analizuje relacje między bezpieczeństwem ludzkim a pra­wem międzynarodowym i krótko rozważa najbardziej reprezentatywne aspekty prawa międzynarodowego, w tym międzynarodowego orzecznictwa, które w opinii autorki odzwierciedlają imperatywy bezpieczeństwa ludzkiego. Wreszcie wnioski końcowe dostarczają odpowiedzi na postawione pytania i wskazują na wartość dodaną koncep­cji bezpieczeństwa ludzkiego. Pytania brzmią następująco: W jaki sposób bezpieczeń­stwo ludzkie może wzmocnić działania międzynarodowe (działania oparte na prawie międzynarodowym)? Gdzie w prawie międzynarodowym odzwierciedlone jest bez­pieczeństwo ludzkie? Jaka jest rola prawa międzynarodowego dla bezpieczeństwa ludzkiego? Biorąc to wszystko pod uwagę, jaka jest wartość dodana przyjęcia kon­cepcji bezpieczeństwa ludzkiego? Artykuł ten jest nieuchronnie interdyscyplinarny, ponieważ łączy perspektywy prawa międzynarodowego i stosunków międzynarodo­wych.


Słowa kluczowe


bezpieczeństwo ludzkie; prawo międzynarodowe; prawa człowieka

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