Scythian female warriors in the south of Eastern Europe

Main Article Content

Elena Fialko

Abstrakt

The article is devoted to the funerary complexes of Scythian female warriors in the territory of the European Scythia. Types and sizes of graves, as well as the nature of the funeral rite of Amazons correspond to Scythian canons and de facto do not differ from men’s graves The analysis of the funerary inventory allows us to date them within the second half of the 7th till the 2nd centuries BC.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Fialko, E. (2018). Scythian female warriors in the south of Eastern Europe. Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia, 22, 29-47. https://doi.org/10.14746/fpp.2017.22.02
Dział
STUDIA – DYSKUSJE

Referencje

  1. Andrukh S. I., Toshchev G. N. 1999 Mogilnik Mamay-Gora (vol. 1). Zaporozhye: Izdatelstvo Zaporozhskogo gosuniversiteta.
  2. Andrukh S. I. 2001 Mogilnik Mamay-Gora (vol. 2). Zaporozhye: Izdatelstvo Zaporozhskogo gosuniversiteta.
  3. Andrukh S. I., Toshchev G. N. 2004 Mogilnik Mamay-Gora (vol. 3). Zaporozhye: Zaporozhskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet.
  4. Artamonov M. I. 1974 Kimmeriytsy i skify. Leningrad: Izdatelstvo LGU.
  5. Berezovets D. T. 1960 Rozkopky kurhannoho mohylnyka epokhy bronzy ta skifskoho chasu vs. Kut. Arkheolohichni pamia’tky, 9, pp. 39–86.
  6. Brashinskiy I. B. 1968 Raboty Yuzhnodonskoy ekspeditsii. Arkheologicheskiye otkrytiya v 1967 g. (pp. 88–89). Moskva: Nauka.
  7. Brashinskiy I. B. 1973 Raskopki skifskikh kurganov na Nizhnem Donu. Kratkiye Soobshcheniya Instituta Arkheologii Akademii Nauk SSSR, 133, pp. 54–61.
  8. Brashinskiy I. B., Demchenko A. I. 1969 Raskopki Elizavetovskogo mogilnika v 1966 g. Kratkiye Soobshcheniya Instituta Arkheologii Akademii Nauk SSSR, 116, pp. 11–117.
  9. Bunyatyan E. P. 1982 Metodika sotsialnoy rekonstruktsii po dannym ryadovykh skifskikh mogilnikov. In: V. Gening (ed.), Teoriya i metodika arkheologicheskikh issledovaniy (pp. 136–184). Kiyev: Naukova dumka.
  10. Galanina L. K. 1985 K probleme vzaimootnosheniy skifov s meotami (po dannym novykh raskopok Kelermesskogo kurgannogo mogilnika). Sovetskaya Arkheologiya, 3, pp. 156–165.
  11. Gorelik M. V. 1993 Oruzhiye Drevnego Vostoka (IV tysyacheletiye – IV v. do n.e.). Moskva: Vostochnaya literatura.
  12. Grakov B. N. 1962 Skifskiye pogrebeniya na Nikopolskom kurgannom pole. Materialy i issledovaniya po arkheologii SSSR (MIA), 115, pp. 56–113.
  13. Gulyayev V. I. 2002 „Amazonki” na Srednem Donu. In: A. T. Sinyuk (ed.), Arkheologicheskiye pamyatniki Vostochnoy Evropy (pp. 125–134). Voronezh: Voronezhskiy gosudarstvennyy pedagogicheskiy universitet.
  14. Gulyayev V. I. 2005 Rastsvet i padeniye velikogo tsarstva. Moskva: Aleteya.
  15. Gulyayev V. I. 2010 Na vostochnykh rubezhakh Skifii (drevnosti donskikh skifov). Moskva: IA RAN.
  16. Gulyayev V. I., Savchenko E. I. 2004 Novyy pamyatnik skifskogo vremeni na Srednem Donu. In: V. I. Gulyayev (ed.), Arkheologiya Srednego Dona v skifskuyu epokhu. Trudy Donskoy (b. Potudanskoy) arkheologicheskoy ekspeditsii IA RAN, 2001 2003 gg. (s. 35–52). Moskva: IA RAN.
  17. Hanina O. D. 1958 Do pytannia pro zhinochi pokhovannia zi zbroieiu skifskoho chasu. Pratsi Kyivskoho Derzhavnoho Istorychnoho Muzeiu, 1, pp. 175–183.
  18. Hanina O. D. 1960 O zhenskikh zakhoroneniyakh v parnykh pogrebeniyakh skifskogo vremeni. Zapiski Odesskogo arkheologicheskogo obshchestva, 1(34), pp. 96–104.
  19. Hrytsiuk V. M. 2009 Viisko skifiv (ozbroiennia, orhanizatsiia, viiny ta voienne mystetstvo). Chernivtsi: Misto.
  20. Kopylov V. P., Yakovenko E. V., Yangulov S. Yu. 2004 Pogrebeniya „amazonok” v kurganakh Elizavetovskogo mogilnika. In: 2 Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya „Skify i sarmaty v 8–3 vv. do n.e.” (pp. 53–57). Azov Rostov-na-Donu: Yuzhnyy nauchnyy tsentr RAN.
  21. Maksimenko V. E. 1983 Savromaty i sarmaty na Nizhnem Donu. Rostov-na-Donu: Izdatelstvo Rostovskogo universiteta.
  22. Marchenko K. K., Zhitnikov V. G., Kopylov V. P. 2000 Elizavetovskoye gorodishche na Donu. Moskva: IA RAN.
  23. Melyukova A. I. 1964 Vooruzheniye skifov. Moskva: Nauka.
  24. Melyukova A. I. 1975 Poseleniye i mogilnik skifskogo vremeni u s. Nikolayevka. Moskva: Nauka.
  25. Okatenko V. N. 2006 Pogrebeniya kochevnicheskogo tipa skifskogo vremeni vdol Lesostepnogo otrezka Muravskogo shlyakha. Vestnik Kharkovskogo natsionalnogo universiteta im. V. N. Karazina, 38, pp. 78–90.
  26. Popandopulo Z. H. 2011 Skifskiy gruntovyy mogilnik Skelki. Zaporozhye.
  27. Prokopenko Y. A. 2014 Skify. sarmaty i plemena kobanskoy kultury v Tsentralnom Predkavkazye vo vtoroy polovine I tys. do n.e. (vol. 1). Stavropol: Severo-Kavkazskiy federalnyy universitet.
  28. Prokopenko Yu. A. 2014a Skify. sarmaty i plemena kobanskoy kultury v Tsentralnom Predkavkazye vo vtoroy polovine I tys. do n.e. (vol. 2). Stavropol: Severo-Kavkazskiy federalnyy universitet.
  29. Sinika V. S., Alemsha A. N. 2000 Zhenskiye pogrebeniya s oruzhiyem pozdneskifskogo mogilnika u s. Glinoye. In: Chobruchskiy arkheologicheskiy kompleks i drevniye kultury Podnestrovia (materialy polevogo seminara) (pp. 43–46). Tiraspol: RIO PGU.
  30. Skoryy S. A. 1997 Steblev: skifskiy mogilnik v Porosye. Kiyev: Naukova dumka. Fialko E. E. 1987 Skifskiye kurgany u s. Novoye. In: O. Shaposhnikova (ed.), Drevneyshiye skotovody stepey yuga Ukrainy (pp. 171–187). Kiyev: Naukova dumka.
  31. Fialko E. E. 1991 Pogrebeniya zhenshchin s oruzhiyem u skifov. In: Yu. Boltrik. E. Bunyatyan (eds.), Kurgany Stepnoy Skifii (pp. 4–18). Kiyev: Naukova dumka.
  32. Fialko E. E. 2011 Dva pogrebeniya amazonok iz Severskodonetskoy Lesostepi. In: S. I. Posokhov (ed.), Drevnosti Vostochnoy Evropy. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov k 90-letiyu B. A. Shramko (pp. 304–315). Kharkov: KhNU imeni V. N. Karazina.
  33. Fialko E. E. 2012 Vooruzhennyye zhenshchiny rannego zheleznogo veka v Severnom Prichernomorye: sotsialnyy aspekt. Tyragetia. Arheologie. Istorie. Antica, VI [XXI], 1, pp. 27–44.
  34. Fialko E. E. 2012 b Skifskiy kurgan s antichnymi importami u s. Zelenoye. Bosporskiye issledovaniya, XXVI, pp. 218–254.
  35. Fialko E. E. 2013 Seriya pogrebeniy amazonok iz Nizhnego Podneprovia. Stratum plus, 3, s. 203–222.
  36. Fialko E. E. 2013 a Ukrasheniya v kostyume skifskikh amazonok. In: V. V. Klyuchnikov (ed.), Prichernomorye v antichnoye i rannesrednevekovoye vremya. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov. posvyashchennyy 65-letiyu prof. V. P. Kopylova (pp. 231–241). Rostov-na Donu: Nauchno-metodicheskiy tsentr arkheologii YuFU.
  37. Fialko O. Ie. 2012 a Pokhovannia divchat zi zbroieiu v skifskomu kurhani na Khersonshchyni. Arkheolohiia, 1, pp. 82–92.
  38. Chernenko E. V. 1988 Voyennoye delo skifov (vooruzheniye. taktika. strategiya). Kiyev: Naukova dumka.
  39. Chernenko Ie. V. 1991 Lytsari Velykoi Skifii. In: P. P. Tolochko (ed.), Zoloto Stepu. Arkheolohiia Ukrainy (pp. 131–135). Kyiv – Shlezvih: Instytut arkheolohii NAN Ukrainy, Arkheolohichnyi zemelnyi muzei Universytetu Kristiana-Albrekhta.
  40. Yangulov S. Yu. 2007 Kompleksy vooruzheniy plemen Nizhnego i Srednego Dona v skifskoye vremya (sravnitelnyy analiz). In: Mezhdunarodnyye otnosheniya v basseyne Chernogo morya v drevnosti i sredniye veka. Materialy XII mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii (pp. 44–45). Rostov-na-Donu: Nauchno-metodicheskiy tsentr arkheologii RPI.
  41. Yangulov S. Yu. 2008 Oruzhiye iz pogrebeniy 5 v. do n.e. Elizavetovskogo mogilnika v delte Dona. RA, 1, pp. 63–72.
  42. Yangulov S. Yu. 2008a Vooruzheniye i voyennoye delo skifov Nizhnego Dona (po materialam Elizavetovskogo mogilnika). Avtoreferat dyssertatsii kandydata istorychnykh nauk. Moskva.
  43. Fialko E. 2012 Funerary Monuments of the Scythian Amazons (Social Aspect). British Archaeological Reports (BAR) International Series 2396. Tumuli Graves – Status Symbol of the Dead in the Bronze and Iron Ages in Europe (ed. V. Sirbu and C. Schuster).
  44. Proceedings of the XVI IUPPS World Congress (Florianopolis, 4–10 September 2011). Actes du XVI Congres Mondial UISPP (Florianopolis, 4–10 Septembre 2011), vol. 2, pp. 61–67.
  45. Guliaev V. I. 2003 Amazons in the Scythia: new finds at the Middle Don, Southern Russia. World Archaeology, 35(1). The Social Commemoration of Warfare. Jun., 2003, pp. 112–125.