Archeologia klasyczna w poszukiwaniu swej tożsamości. Między przeszłością, teraźniejszą a historią sztuki

Jak cytować

Bugaj, E. (2018). Archeologia klasyczna w poszukiwaniu swej tożsamości. Między przeszłością, teraźniejszą a historią sztuki. Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia, 16, 255–279.


The article defines classical archaeology as one of the first and oldest branches of archaeology practised in Europe by stressing that interests in the relics of ancient civilisations have been deeply embedded in the cultural self-identification of various peoples of Europe. The author aims to recognize how the modern world values contribute to interpretation and conservation of the classical past, especially Greek art and architecture, alongside other ancient objects, and how the Western elites treated them in the past centuries. The issue of common roots of classical archaeology and history of art as well as their long-lasting relationships are also thoroughly discussed. Discrepancies between major research procedures of classical archaeology and art history are scrutinized, especially in terms of an arguable irrelevance of modern concept of art in relation to archaeological evidence. The role of museums in relation to art and antiquities trade is also raised. Furthermore, the author discusses classical archaeology within broader issues of contemporary archaeology. It is recognized that classical archaeology has certainly changed by resigning from the previously dominant connoisseur knowledge approach to artefacts, concentrated solely on the works of art often seen as autonomous entities devoid of the context of their production, meaning and perception. Finally, the author defines contemporary classical archaeology as a rapidly changing discipline, reformulating its research agenda and opening up to cooperation with numerous other disciplines. Nevertheless, this should not mean a wholesale rejection of its great legacy of being a history of ancient art. On the contrary, this traditions ought to be redefined and incorporated into contemporary research agenda of the discipline.


Al-Radi S. 2003 The Destruction of the Iraq National Museum, „Museum International” 55, s. 103–107.

Alcock S. E., Osborne R. (red.) 2007 Classical Archaeology, Oxford.

Alpers S. 1991 The Museum as a Way of Seeing, (w:) Exhibiting Cultures. The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display, red. I. Karp, S. D. Lavine, Washington, London, s. 25–32.

Andrzejewski B. 1989 Wilhelm von Humboldt, Warszawa.

Arnold B. 1998 The Power of the Past: Nationalism and Archaeology in 20th Century Germany, „Archaeologia Polona” 35–36 (1997–1998), s. 237–253.

Belting H. 2007 Antropologia obrazu. Szkice do nauki o obrazie, przekł. M. Bryl, Kraków.

Bergmann M. 2000 Repräsentation, (w:) Klassische Archäologie. Eine Einführung, red. A. H. Borbein, T. Hölscher, P. Zanker, Berlin, s. 166–188.

Bernal M. 1987 Black Athena. The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, t. 1: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785–1985, New Jersey.

Białostocki J. 1976 U stóp Propylejów. Goethe i plastyka, (w:) J. Białostocki, Pięć wieków myśli o sztuce, Warszawa, s. 116–138.

Bianchi Bandinelli R. 1988 Archeologia klasyczna jako historia sztuki, przekł. W. Dobrowolski, Warszawa.

Borbein A. H., Hölscher T., Zanker P. (red.) 2000 Klassische Archäologie. Eine Einführung, Berlin.

Bryl M. 2008 Suwerenność dyscypliny. Polemiczna historia historii sztuki od 1970 roku, Poznań.

Bugaj E. 2004 Badania archeologiczne a obrazowanie wizualne przeszłości, (w:) Archeologia – Kultura – Ideologie, red. B. Gediga, W. Piotrowski, Biskupin–Wrocław, s. 253–263.

Carstens A. M. 2004 Style and Context, „Hephaistos” 21/22, s. 7–28.

Challis D. 2008 Exhibiting Democracy. Material Culture from Ancient Athens and the Democratic Ideal, Open University. Reception of the texts and images of antiquity:

Chippindale Ch., Gill D. W. T. 2000 Material Consequences of Contemporary Classical Collecting, „American Journal of Archaeology” 104, s. 463–511.

Cuno J. 2008 Who Owns Antiquity? Museums and the Battle over our Ancient Heritage, Princeton.

Donohue A. A. 1995 Winckelmann’s History of Art and Polyclitus, (w:) Polykleitos, the Doryphoros, and Tradition, red. W. G. Moon, London, s. 327–353.

Dyson S. L. 1993 From New to New Age Archaeology: Archaeological Theory and Classical Archaeology – A 1990s Perspective, „American Journal of Archaeology” 97, s. 195–206. 2006 In Pursuit of Ancient Pasts. A History of Classical Archaeology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, New Haven–London.

Gediga B., Piotrowski W. (red.) 2004 Archeologia – Kultura – Ideologie, Biskupin–Wrocław.

Gerhard E. 1850 Archäologische Thesen, (w:) Denkmäler, Forschungen und Berichte als Fortsetzung der Archäologischen Zeitung, red. E. Gerhard, Berlin, s. 203–205 (przedruk oraz przekład na j. angielski por. Gerhard E., 2004, Archaeological Theses, „Modernism/modernity” 11, s. 173–177).

Hamilakis Y. 2003 Iraq, Stewardship and ‘'the Record’. An Ethical Crisis for Archaeology, „Public Archaeology” 3, s. 104–111.

Hamilakis Y. 2007 The Nation and its Ruins. Antiquity, Archaeology, and National Imagination in Greece, Oxford.

Harris J. 2006 Art History. The Key Concepts, London–New York.

Hölscher T. 2000 Bildwerke: Darstellungen, Funktionen, Botschaften, (w:) Klassische Archäologie. Eine Einführung, red. A. H. Borbein, T. Hölscher, P. Zanker, Berlin, s. 147–165.

Lang F. 2002 Klassische Archäologie. Eine Einführung in Methode, Theorie und Praxis, Tübingen–Basel.

Leontis A. 1995 Topographies of Hellenism: Mapping the Homeland, Ithaca.

Mamzer H. 2004 Archeologia i dyskurs. Rozważania metaarcheologiczne, Poznań.

Meier Ch. 2009 Kultur, um der Freiheit willen. Griechische Anfänge – Anfang Europas? Berlin.

Meskell L. (red.) 1998 Archaeology under Fire. Nationalism, Politics and the Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, London–New York.

Millett M. 2007 What is Classical Archaeology? Roman Archaeology, (w:) Classical Archaeology, red. S. E. Alcock, R. Osborne, Oxford, s. 30–50.

Morris I. 1994 Archaeologies of Greece, (w:) Classical Greece. Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies, red. I. Morris, Cambridge, s. 8–47.

Morris I. 2004 Classical Archaeology, (w:) A Companion to Archaeology, red. J. Bintliff, Oxford, s. 253–271.

Mrozewicz L. 2008 Antyk fundamentem cywilizacji europejskiej. Wykład inaugurujący rok akademicki 2008/2009, „Życie Uniwersyteckie” 12 (183), s. 13–15.

Nemo Ph . 2006 Co to jest Zachód?, przekł. P. Kamiński, Warszawa.

Osborne R., Alcock S. E. 2007 Introduction, (w:) Classical Archaeology, red. S. E. Alcock, R. Osborne, Oxford, s. 1–10.

Painter B.W.J r. 2005 Mussolini’s Rome. Rebuilding the Eternal City, New York.

Plantzos D. 2008 Time and the Antique: Linear Causality and the Greek Art Narrative, (w:) A Singular Antiquity. Archaeology and the Hellenic Identity in Twentieth-century Greece, red. D. Damaskos, D. Plantzos, Athens, s. 252–272.

Plantzos D. 2011 Behold the Raking Geison. The New Acropolis Museum and Its Context-Free Archaeologies, „Antiquity” 85, s. 613–625.

Pomian K. 1996a Zbieracze i osobliwości. Paryż, Wenecja XVI–XVIII wiek, przekł. A. Pieńkos, Warszawa.

Pomian K. 1996b Kolekcjonerstwo i filozofia. Narodziny nowożytnego muzeum, (w:) Drogi kultury europejskiej. Trzy studia, K. Pomian, Warszawa, s. 109–172.

Pomian K. 2005 Cultural Property, National Treasures, Restitution, „Museum International” 57, s. 71–84.

Potts A. 1982 Wincklemann’s Construction of History, „Art History” 5, s. 377–407.

Potts A. 1994 Flesh and the Ideal. Winckelmann and the Origins of Art History, New Haven– London.

Renfrew C. 1980 The Great Tradition versus the Great Divide: Archaeology as Anthropology?, „American Journal of Archaeology” 84, s. 287–298.

Roberts J. (red.) 2005 The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, Oxford.

Schaps D. M. 2011 Handbook for Classical Research, London–New York.

Schmitz T. A. 1991 „Ex Africa Lux? Black Athena” and the Debate about Afrocentrism in the US, „Göttinger Forum für Altertumswissenschaft” 2, s. 17–76.

Schnapp A. 1998 La Conquête du passé. Aux origines de l’archéologie, Paris.

Schnapp A. 2002 Between Antiquarians and Archaeologists – Continuities and Ruptures, „Antiquity” 76, s. 134–140.

Schnapp A. 2004 Eduard Gerhard: Founder of Classical Archaeology?, „Modernism / modernity” 11, s. 169–171.

Scott S. 2006 Art and Archaeologist, „World Archaeology” 38, s. 628–643.

Shanks M. 1996 Classical Archaeology of Greece. Experiences of the Discipline, London–New York.

Sichtermann H. 1996 Kulturgeschichte der klassischen Archäologie, München.

Snodgrass A. M. 1985 The New Archaeology and the Classical Archaeologist, „American Journal of Archaeology” 89, s. 31–37.

Snodgrass A. M. 1987 An Archaeology of Greece. The Present State and Future Scope of a Discipline, Berkeley.

Snodgrass A. M. 2007 What is Classical Archaeology? Greek Archaeology, (w:) Classical Archaeology, red. S. E. Alcock, R. Osborne, Oxford, s. 13–29.

Trigger B. G. 1984 Alternative Archaeologies: Nationalist, Colonialist, Imperialist, „Man. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute” 19, s. 355–370.

Whitley J. 1987 Art, Art History, Archaeology and Idealism: The German Tradition, (w:) Archaeology as Long-Term History, red. I. Hodder, Cambridge, s. 9–15.

Whitley J. 1993 The Explanation of Form: Towards a Reconciliation of Archaeological and Art Historical Approaches, „Hephaistos” 11/12, s. 7–33.

Whitley J. 2001 The Archaeology of Ancient Greece, Cambridge.

Wieczorkiewicz A. 2001 Mowa słów i mowa rzeczy (O retoryce wypowiedzi muzealnej), (w:) Praktyki opowiadania, red. B. Owczarek, Z. Mitosek, W. Grajewski, Kraków, s. 239–256.

Zanker P. 1999 August i potęga jego obrazów, przekł. L. Olszewski, Poznań.

Licencja Creative Commons
Ten utwór jest dostępny na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe.


Brak dostępnych danych do wyświetlenia.