Main Article Content
This study aims to investigate the existing situation of the COVID-19 pandemic from an architectural and urban perspective. The problem analyzed in the study was whether and how universal design could be a useful tool in creating a meaningful response to social repercussions caused by COVID-19. Of the various issues faced today, this study focused on solving the issue of isolation and reducing infections in elderly and elders with disabilities by introducing architectural and spatial modifications. This research showed that all seven universal design principles when introduced at the architectural and urban levels can solve various issues that elderly people face today during the pandemic. It is executed through administrative and institutional push toward better accessibility and inclusion in a build environment that also works for general public interest.
Utwór dostępny jest na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa – Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowe.
- Bogner A., Littig B., Menz W., Generating Qualitative Data with Experts and Elite, “The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Data Collection” 2018, p. 655.
- Burgstahler S., Universal Design: Process, Principles, and Applications, “DO-IT (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology)” 2004, https://www.washington.edu/doit/universal-design-process-principles-and-applications, 27.11.2020.
- Byrne D., Reviewing the Literature: What Is Grey Literature?, „Project Planner SAGE Research Methods”, SAGE 2017.
- Chrzanowska O., Interview with Stanis Smith, Universal Design in the Era of Covid-19, Vancouver British Columbia, November 4, 2020.
- Emerson E., Fortune N., Llewellyn G., Stancliffe R., Loneliness, social support, social isolation and wellbeing among working age adults with and without disability: Cross sectional Study, Disability Health Journal August 2020.
- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults: Opportunities for the Health Care System, “National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Consensus Study Report”, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press 2020, p. 1, https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25663/social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-adults-opportunities-for-the, 27.11.2020.
- Santini Z.I., Jose P.E., Cornwell E.Y., Koyanagi A., Nielsen L., Hinrichsen C., Meilstrup C., Madsen K.R., Koushede V., Social Disconnectedness, Perceived Isolation, and Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety Among Older Americans (NSHAP): a Longitudinal Mediation Analysis, “Lancet Public Health”, The Lancet 2020, p. 62–70.
- Saxon W., Ronald L. Mace, 58, Designer Of Buildings Accessible to All, New York Times July 13 1998, Section B, p. 9, https://www.nytimes.com/1998/07/13/us/ronald-l-mace-58-designer-of-buildings-accessible-to-all.html, 03.12.2020.
- The American Institute of Architects, Strategies for Senior Living Communities, Washington DC 2020, p.6, http://content.aia.org/sites/default/files/2020-06/AIA_COVID-19-Building-Type-Report-Senior-Living_2020-0629.pdf, 27.11.2020.
- United Nations, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol,
- United Nations New York 2006, p. 9, https://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf, 27.11.2020.
- World Health Organization, Guidance on Covid-19 for the care of older people and people living in long-term care facilities, other non-acute care facilities and home care updated 23 July 2020, World Health Organization 2020, https://iris.wpro.who.int/bitstream/handle/10665.1/14500/COVID-19-emergency-guidance-ageing-eng.pdf, 27.11.2020.
- https://network.aia.org/communities/community-home?communitykey=a83686b6-4432-4ac2-a3a1-b91a6808a014&tab=groupdetails, 27.11.2020.
- https://www.rickhansen.com/about-us/faq, 27.11.2020.