Korowe mechanizmy pamięci w ujęciu funkcjonalnym. Perspektywa biolingwistyczna

Jak cytować

Krysiak, A. P. (2010). Korowe mechanizmy pamięci w ujęciu funkcjonalnym. Perspektywa biolingwistyczna. Investigationes Linguisticae, 22, 41–59. https://doi.org/10.14746/il.2010.22.2


This paper presents correlations between language and memory with specific focus given to working memory. Cortico-cortical and cortical-striatal-cortical interactions for language processing are proposed, and therein, a neurocognitive network connecting temporal, parietal and prefrontal cortices is discussed. This approach is explored with the framework of Baddeley’s model of working memory, language origins, and some psychopathologies and genetic linguistics. 


Aboitiz F. (1995) Working memory networks and the origin of language areas in the human brain. Med Hypotheses 44(6): 504–6.

Aboitiz F., Aboitiz S., García R.R. (2010) The Phonological Loop: A Key Innovation in Human Evolution. Curr Anthropol 51(S1): S55–S65.

Aboitiz F., García R.R., Bosman C., Brunetti E. (2006) Cortical memory mechanisms and language origins. Brain Lang 98: 40–56.

Aboitiz F., García R.V. (1997) The evolutionary origin of the language areas in the human brain. A neuroanatomical perspective. Brain Res Rev 25(3): 381–96.

Aboitiz F., Schröter C.G. (2004) Prelinguistic Evolution and Motherese: A Hypothesis on the Neural Substrates. Behav Brain Sci 27(4): 503–4.

Alegre M., Gordon P. (1999) Rule-based versus associative processes in derivational morphology. Brain Lang 68: 347–54.

Arbib M.A. (2005) From monkey-like action recognition to human language: An evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics. Behav Brain Sci 28: 105–67.

Atkinson R.C., Shiffrin R.M. (1968) Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes. [w:] Spence K.W., Spence J.T. (red.) The Psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory. Tom 2. New York: Academic Press.

Baddeley A.D. (1992) Working memory. Science 255, 556–9.

Baddeley A.D. (2000) The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory? Trends Cogn Sci 4: 417–23.

Baddeley A.D. (2002) Is Working Memory Still Working? Eur Psychol 7(2): 85–97.

Baddeley A.D. (2003) Working memory: Looking back and looking forward. Nat Rev Neurosci 4: 829–39.

Baddeley A.D., Baddeley H.A., Bucks R.S., Wilcock G.K. (2001) Attentional control in Alzheimer’s disease. Brain 124: 1492–508.

Baddeley A.D., Bressi S., Della Sala S., Logie R., Spinnler H. (1991) The decline of working memory in Alzheimer's disease. A longitudinal study. Brain 114: 2521–42.

Baddeley A.D., Della Sala S. (1996) Working memory and executive control. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 351: 1397–404.

Baddeley A.D., Gathercole S.E., Papagno C. (1998) The phonological loop as a language learning device. Psychol Rev 105: 158–173.

Baddeley A.D., Hitch G. (1974) Working memory. [w:] Bower G. (ed.) The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. Academic Press: 47–89.

Baddeley A.D., Thompson N., Buchanan M., (1975) Word Length and the Structure of Memory. J Verb Learn Verb Behav 14: 575–89.

Barrett H.C., Kurzban R. (2006) Modularity in Cognition: Framing the Debate. Psychol Rev 113(3): 628–47.

Bookheimer S. (2002) Functional fMRI of language: New approaches to understanding the cortical organization of semantic processing. Annu Rev Neurosci 25: 151–88.

Borkowska A. (2006) Neuropsychologiczne i neurobiologiczne aspekty pamięci operacyjnej. Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 1: 31–42.

Borkowska A. (2009) Znaczenie zaburzeń funkcji poznawczych i możliwości ich oceny w chorobach psychicznych. Psychiatria w Praktyce Klinicznej 2(1): 30–40.

Bosman, C., López V., Aboitiz F. (2005) Sharpening Occam’s razor: Is there necessity of a hand-signing stage prior to vocal communication? Behav Brain Sci 28: 128–9.

Caplan D., Waters G.S. (1999) Verbal working memory and sentence comprehension. Behav Brain Sci 22: 77–126.

Culotta E. (2005) What Genetic Changes Made Us Uniquely Human? Science 309: 91.

Cummings J.L. (1993) Frontal-subcortical circuits and human behavior. Arch Neurol 50: 873–80.

Dacre J., Kopelman P. (2004) Badanie kliniczne (tytuł oryginału: A Handbook of Clinical Skills). Przeł. B. Kamiński. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL.

Deacon T.W. (1992) Cortical connections of the inferior arcuate sulcus cortex in the macaque brain. Brain Res 573(1): 8–26.

Deacon T.W. (1997). The symbolic species: The co-evolution of language and the brain. New York: W.W. Norton.

Dediu D., Ladd D.R. (2007) Linguistic tone is related to the population frequency of the adaptive haplogroups of two brain size genes, ASPM and Microcephalin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104: 1944–9.

Evans P.D., Gilbert S.L., Mekel-Bobrov N., Vallender E.J., Anderson J.R.,Vaez-Azizi L.M., Tishkoff S.A., Hudson R.R., Lahn B.T. (2005) Microcephalin, a Gene Regulating Brain Size, Continues to Evolve Adaptively in Humans. Science 309: 1717–20.

Germano C., Kinsella G.J. (2005) Working memory and learning in early Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychol Rev 15(1): 1–10.

Gil-da-Costa R., Martin A., Lopes M.A., Muñoz M., Fritz J.B., Braun A.R. (2006) Species-specific calls activate homologs of Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas in the macaque. Nat Neurosci 8: 1064–70.

Goldman-Rakic P.S., Muly E.C., Williams G.V. (2000) D(1) receptors in prefrontal cells and circuits. Brain Res Rev 31(2–3): 295–301.

Gorzelańczyk E.J., Nowakowski P. (1999) Pamięć, świadomość i biologiczne podłoże pochodzenia języka. Investigationes Linguisticae 7: 161–72.

Gupta P., Tisdale J. (2009) Does phonological short-term memory causally determine vocabulary learning? Toward a computational resolution of the debate. J Mem Lang 61(4): 481–502.

Hauser M.D., Chomsky N., Fitch W.T. (2002) The faculty of language: What it is, Who has it, and how did it evolve? Science 298: 1569–79.

Hewes G.W. (1973) Primate communication and the gestural origin of language. Curr Anthropol 14(1–2): 5–24.

Hickock G., Poeppel D. (2000) Towards a functional neuroanatomy of speech perception. Trends Cognit Sci 4: 131–8.

Hintze B., Wciórka J., Borkowska A. (2007) Zaburzenia pamięci operacyjnej i funkcji wykonawczych u chorych na schizofrenię w okresie częściowej remisji objawów psychopatologicznych. Psychiatria 4(2): 45–52.

Hochstadt J., Nakano H., Lieberman P., Friedman J. (2006) The roles of sequencing and verbal working memory in sentence comprehension deficits in Parkinson’s disease. Brain Lang 97: 243–57.

Hurford J. (2003) The Language Mosaic and its Evolution. [w:] Christiansen M.H., Kirby S. (red.) Language Evolution: The States of the Art. New York: Oxford University Press.

Just M.A., Carpenter P.A. (1992) A capacity theory of comprehension: individual differences in working memory. Psychol Rev 99(1): 122–49.

Kaas J.H., Hackett T.A. (1999) 'What' and 'where' processing in auditory cortex Nat Neurosci 2: 1045–7.

Kensinger E.A., Shearer D.K., Locascio J.J., Growdon J.H., Corkin S. (2003) Working memory in mild Alzheimer's disease and early Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychology 17(2): 230–9.

Koziarski M., Krysiak A.P. (2010) Two Ways of Processing the Language: Associative Memory and Computational Rules. A Case of Modern Polish Language (w druku).

Krysiak A.P. (2010a) Perspektywa bio- i neurolingwistyczna jako nowa determinanta w badaniach nad językiem. [w:] Mikołajczyk B., Taborek J.,

Zabrocki W. (red.): Język w Poznaniu 1. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Rys: 97–118.

Krysiak A.P. (2010b) (Poli)geny na język. Prolegomena do lingwistyki genetycznej Investigationes Linguisticae XX: 33–39.

Krysiak A.P. (2011a) Język jako element rozszerzonego fenotypu. Przyczynek do aplikacji koncepcji rozszerzonego fenotypu w badaniach nad językiem. [w:] Juszczyk K., Mikołajczyk B., Taborek J., Zabrocki W. (red.) Język w Poznaniu 2. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Rys: 95–105.

Krysiak A.P. (2011b) Zaburzenia języka, mowy i komunikacji w chorobie Parkinsona. Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 6(1): 36–42.

Lai C.S.L., Fisher S.E., Hurst J.A., Levy E.R., Hodgson S, Fox M., Jeremiah S, Povey S., Jamison D.C., Green E.D., Vargha-Khadem F., Monaco A.P. (2000) The SPCH1 Region on Human 7q31: Genomic Characterization of the Critical Interval and Localization of Translocations Associated with Speech and Language Disorder. Am J Hum Genet 67: 357–368.

Lieberman P. (2002) On the nature and evolution of the neural bases of human language. Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 35: 36–62.

Lieberman P. (2007) The evolution of human speech; Its Anatomical and neural bases. Curr Anthropol 48: 39–66.

Longstaff A. (2006) Neurobiologia (tytuł oryginału: Instant Notes Neuroscience). Przekład zbiorowy pod redakcją A. Wróbla. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Monchi O., Petrides P., Petre V., Worsley K., Dagher A. (2001) Wisconsin Card Sorting Revisited: Distinct neural circuits participating in different stages of the task identified by event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging. J Neurosci 21:7733 41.

Montgomery J.W. (2003) Working memory and comprehension in children with specific language impairment: what we know so far. J Commun Disord 36(3): 221–31.

Ojemann G.A. (1991) Cortical organization of language. J Neurosci 11(8): 2281–7.

Ojemann G.A. (2003) The neurobiology of language and verbal memory: observations from awake neurosurgery. Int J Psychophysiol 48(2): 141–6.

Pasternak T., Greenlee M.W. (2005) working memory in primate sensory systems. Nat Rev Neurosci 6: 97–107.

Pinker S. (1991) Rules of Language. Science 253: 530–5.

Pinker S. (1998) Words and rules. Lingua 106: 219–42.

Pinker S., Bloom P. (1990) Natural language and natural selection. Behav Brain Sci 13(4): 707–84.

Plaza M., Gatignol P., Leroy M., Duffau H. (2009) Speaking without Broca's area after tumor resection. Neurocase 15(4): 294–310.

Pulvermüller F. (2002) The Neuroscience of Language. Cambridge University Press.

Romanski L.M., Tian B., Mishkin M., Goldman-Rakic P.S., Rauschecker J.P. (1999) Dual streams of auditory afferents target multiple domains in the primate prefrontal cortex. Nat Neurosci 2: 1131–6.

Rybakowski J, Borkowska A. (2002) Eye movement and neuropsychological studies in first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients. Schizophr Res 54: 105–10.

Rybakowski J.K., Borkowska A., Czerski P.M., Dmitrzak-Weglarz M., Skibińska M., Kapelski P., Hauser J. (2006) Performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in schizophrenia and genes of dopaminergic inactivation (COMT, DAT, NET). Psychiatry Res 143(1):13-9.

Rybakowski J.K., Borkowska A., Czerski P.M., Kapelski P., Dmitrzak-Weglarz M., Hauser J. (2005) An association study of dopamine receptors polymorphisms and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in schizophrenia. J Neural Transm 112: 1575–82.

Rybakowski J.K, Borkowska A., Czerski P.M., Skibińska M., Hauser J. (2003) Polymorphism of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene and performance on a cognitive prefrontal test in bipolar patients. Bipolar Disord 5(6): 468–72.

Sadowski B. (2006) Biologiczne mechanizmy zachowania się ludzi i zwierząt. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Tian B., Reser D., Durham A., Kustov A., Rauschecker J.P. (2001) Functional specialization in rhesus monkey auditory cortex. Science 292: 290–3.

Vargha-Khadem F., Gadian D.G., Copp A., Mishkin M. (2005) FOXP2 and the neuroanatomy of speech and language. Nat Rev Neurosci 6(2):131–8.

Vernes S.C., Newbury D.F., Abrahams B.S., Winchester L., Nicod J., Groszer M., Alarcón M., Oliver P.L., Davies K.E., Geschwind D.H., Monaco A.P., Fisher S.E. (2008) A functional genetic link between distinct developmental language disorders. N Engl J Med 359: 2337–45.

Webster R.I., Shevell M.I. (2004) Neurobiology of specific language impairment. J Child Neurol 19: 471–81.

Wise R.J., Scott S.C., Blank S.C., Mummery C.J., Murphy K., Warburton E.A. (2001) Separate neural subsystems within `Wernicke's area'. Brain 124 (1): 83–95.

Zalla T., Joyce C., Szöke A., Schürhoff F., Pillon B., Komano O., Perez-Diaz F., Bellivier F., Alter C., Dubois B., Rouillon F., Houde O., Leboyer M. (2004) Executive dysfunctions as potential markers of familial vulnerability to bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res 121(3):207–17.