Notatki z Folger

Main Article Content

Stanley Fish


The text written by Stanley Fish, which is an excerpt from his book Professional Correctness. Literary Studies and Political Change (Oxford 1995), is an attempt at a presentation and a discussion of the main conditioning factors and the aporia of interpretation. From among the four arguments given by the author, i.e. intention, historicalness, politicalness and interdisciplinarity, only the first one has been established to be an immanent feature of each of interpretations. This results from the conviction that while interpreting literary texts we are always subjected to the pressure of the surrounding premises. It is just the extensive and thorough analysis of these premises, to which the supporters of political, historical and interdisciplinary criticism refer to that makes the author of the sketch possible to show that behind each of the methods there are individual interests and a different vision of the world. To realize these determinants is to enable us to question the very need of universal interpretation. By questioning the theoretical fundamentals of the three mentioned modes of interpretation, the author admits frankly that the work of an interpreter can have both historical, political and just as well interdisciplinary character, though this observation is by all means tantamount to a recognition of the legitimacy of any of the criticized methods.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Biogram autora

Stanley Fish, Florida International University

amerykański teoretyk i krytyk literacki, jeden z najwybitniejszych

przedstawicieli neopragmatyzmu oraz reader-response criticism,

najważniejszy współczesny znawca twórczości Johna Miltona. Był wykładowcą

wielu uczelni w Stanach Zjednoczonych, obecnie pracuje na Florida

International University. Autor Is There a Text in This Class? Authority

of Interpretative Communities (1980), Doing What Comes Naturally: Change,

Rhetoric, and the Practice of Literary and Legal Studies (1989), The Trouble with

Principle (1999), How Milton Works (2001). W Polsce ukazał się wybór esejów

z dwóch pierwszych publikacji: Interpretacja, retoryka, polityka (2002).


  1. Agger B., The Decline of Discourse, New York 1990.
  2. Bristol M., Lenten Butchery: Legitimation Crisis in „Coriolanus”, w: Shakespeare Reproduced, . The Text in History and Ideology, red. J. Howard, M. O’Connor, New York 1987.
  3. Brooks C., Marvell’s „Horatian Ode”, w: Seventeenth Century Poetry, red. W.R. Keast, London 1962.
  4. Dollimore J., Radical Tragedy, New York 1989.
  5. Fish S., Professional Correctness. Literary Studies and Political Change, Oxford 1995.
  6. Hogan P., The Politics of Interpretation, New York 1990.
  7. Klein J., Interdisciplinarity, Detroit 1989.
  8. Montrose L.A., Professing the Renaissance, w: The New Hitoricism, red. H. Aram Veeser, New York 1989.
  9. Wayne D., Power, Politics, and the Shakespearean Text, w: Shakespeare Reproduced. The Text in History and Ideology, red. J. Howard, M. O’Connor, New York 1987.