Algumas observações sobre os possessivos em português

Main Article Content

Małgorzata Wielgosz

Abstrakt

The linguistic description of possessives is controversial. In traditional grammar they are defined as carriers of the meaning of possession or belonging; however, this paper intends to prove that in many cases such a meaning does not appear, and therefore, the possessive semantics of adjectives and pronouns known as possessives is a myth. Moreover, this article’s aim is to show the importance of context in the interpretation of the real meaning of a possessive. in order to confirm these hypotheses, and given the scarcity of works concerning Portuguese possessives, studies on English, Spanish and Polish ones carried out by various authors have been analyzed. What is more, some data from Reference Corpus of Contemporary Portuguese (CRPC) have been examined. First of all, two different classifications of possessives are presented. Then, some cases of possessor deletion are shown, special attention being paid to the forms of expressing inalienable possession. After that, some structural characteristics of possessives are described, as well as their function as determiners. Finally, the paper shows the role that cultural and situational contexts play in the interpretation of the meaning of possessives.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Dział
ESTUDOS LINGUÍSTICOS

Bibliografia

  1. Corpus de Referência do Português Contemporâneo http://alfclul.clul.ul.pt/CQPweb/ portugal. (Data de consulta:18.07.2012).
  2. Demonte Violeta (1988): «El “artículo en lugar del posesivo” y el control de los sintagmas nominales». Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica, El Colegio de México, 36/1: 89-108.
  3. García Fajardo, Josefina (1991): «El significado de los determinantes españoles». Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica, El Colegio de México, 39/2: 737-752.
  4. Jodłowski, Stanisław (1973): Ogólnojęzykoznawcza charakterystyka zaimka. Wrocław–Warszawa–Kraków–Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk.
  5. Karolak, Stanisław (2001): «Status rodzajnika w gramatyce o podstawach semantycznych». In Od semantyki do gramatyki. Warszawa: Instytut Slawistyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk, 337-360.
  6. Kiklewicz, Aleksander (2012): Czwarte królestwo. Język a kontekst w dyskursach współczesności. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  7. Langacker, Ronald W. (1968): «Observations on French Possessives». Language, Linguistic Society of America, 44/1: 51-75.
  8. Lopes, Óscar (1972): Gramática simbólica do português. Lisboa: Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Centro de Investigação Pedagógica.
  9. Mira Mateus, Maria Helena; Brito, Ana Maria; Duarte, Inês; Hub Faria, Isabel (2003): Gramática da Língua Portuguesa. Lisboa: Caminho.
  10. Radelli, Bruna (1978): «Los posesivos en español». Nueva revista de filología hispánica, El Colegio de México, 27/2: 235-257.
  11. Stavrou, Christopher (1973): «Portuguese Pronouns and Command Forms». Hispania, 56/1: 92-93.
  12. Zribi-Hertz, Anne (1997): «On the Dual Nature of the “Possessive” Marker in Modern English». Journal of Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, 33/2: 511-537.