The Educational System in Israel – Changes in Perception and Approaches since the Late 19th Century

Main Article Content

Sarit Albaldes Liviatan

Abstrakt

Education, by its very nature, is an institution that preserves tradition and its values, and thus preserves structures, patterns and processes that have become rooted in society and continue to influence and shape it. Education was one of the significant forces in the shaping of modern culture and the modern social cohesion of the Jewish people along with the peoples of Europe from the end of the 19th century and throughout the entire process of its renewed hold over its land. In the period that preceded the establishment of the State the focuses of power were distributed politically, with the considerable involvement of the community in what was done in education. Since the establishment of the State, the structure of the shaping of education policy in Israel has experienced changes. The principle of statehood guided Prime Minister Ben-Gurion, who sought to apply it also to the educational system. For many years since the establishment of the State, changes have been made in the national consensus about the emphasis of values, according to the spirit of the era and the major events that occurred in the country and society in Israel. In the transition to the 21st century, Israeli society is undergoing major changes that have direct implications on the positioning of formal education in society and on the image of the desired graduate.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Dział
ARTYKUŁY I ROZPRAWY

Bibliografia

  1. Alboim-Dror, R., The Roots of the Educational System in Israel, in: Jubilee of the Educational System in Israel, edited by E. Peled, Vol. 1, Ministry of Education and Culture, 1986.
  2. Aplboim, H., E. Gotterman, and A. Brikner. Individualized Instruction: Its Elements and Historical and Educational Sources, Unit 2, The Open University, 1989.
  3. Echad Ha’am. The Rebirth of the Spirit, in: idem, This Is Not the Way, HaMelitz, 1889.
  4. Gaziel, H., The Policy of Education in Israel: Structures and Processes, in: Jubilee of the Educational System in Israel, edited by E. Peled. Vol. 1, Ministry of Education and Culture, 1999.
  5. Gordon, D. All Together and Each Separately: Themes to the Image of Another Educational System. Jerusalem: Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport, 1995.
  6. Iram, Y., and R. Globeman. The Development of Teaching in the Education Institutions in Israel. Tel Aviv University, 1999.
  7. Keshti, Y., Toward Multicultural Education in Israel, “Two Thousand: Interdisciplinary Journal for Review of Philosophy and Literature” 34, 2009, p. 261–280.
  8. Keshti, Y. Education as Identity and Action, Tel Aviv: Hidekel Ltd., 2013.
  9. Shechter, M., and Y. Iram, Fifty Years of Education for Values – From an Emerging Society to a Changing Society – A Developmental Review, in: Values and Education in Israeli Society, ed. by Y. Iram, S. Shkolnikov, Y. Cohen, and A. Shechter, Jerusalem 2001.
  10. Shelhav, Y. The Changes in the Jewish Educational System in the Land of Israel in the Years 1933–1939. M.A. Thesis. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University 1972.
  11. Yishai, Y. Between Recruitment and Pacification, Civil Society in Israel, Carmel Press. 2003.