The Valachian way of life in stories about domestic origins in the Hungarian medieval chronicles


Hungarian medieval chronicles
Hungarian Conquest of the Land
primary homeland of the Hungarians

How to Cite

Grzesik, R. (2017). The Valachian way of life in stories about domestic origins in the Hungarian medieval chronicles. Balcanica Posnaniensia. Acta Et Studia, 23, 167–174.


In the paper I analyze the description of the way of life of the Hungarians and the local inhabitants of the Carpathian Basin during the Hungarian Conquest in the Hungarian chronicles: Gesta Hungarorum of the Anonymous Notary of King Béla (III) and Gesta Hungarorum of Master Simon of Kéza. The originally homeland of the Hungarians, called Scythia, was described as a rich land full of pastures and rivers inhabited by happy nomadic people. They left their land because of a fame and found on Tisza and Danube a similar country. According to the chroniclers they met between others the Vlachs who were characterised in a pastoral context by them. They lived in the same semi-nomadic way of life, as the former Hungarians, however, they occurred in Transylvania only in the 12th century, when the Hungarians changed their semi-nomadism to sedentarism. Therefore the semi-nomadic way of the Valachian life was noted as their identification factor by the high-medieval chroniclers.



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