Main Article Content
Idit Perelmuter, The National Days in the Bilingual School. Interdisciplinary Contexts of Special Pedagogy, no. 27, Poznań 2019. Pp. 299–333. Adam MickiewiczUniversity Press. ISSN 2300-391X. e-ISSN 2658-283X. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14746/ikps.2019.27.14
The bilingual school tends to address both the national days of the Arabs and the national days of the Jews as a part of its multicultural perception. As aforementioned, these days are characterized as tense and complicated days in the school, both for the Arabs and for the Jews, because of the narratives and perceptions that they represent, which sometimes are contradictory and. Nevertheless, it is possible to see that the school addresses the different perceptions and narratives of each culture, with recognition of the difference and uniqueness of each one of them and with reinforcement of the commonalities between them. In this way, it gives hope and encourages the desire for a shared life between Jews and Arabs in Israel, which on the one hand includes the difference and on the other hand broadens the common denominator between the two groups. This article will describe the national days of Arabs and Jews in the bilingual school in Jerusalem. It will focus on the meaning of the days, their complexity, and the ways of coping and implementation in the framework of the school, with reference to the school perception.
- Agbaria I., & Jabrin Y. (2013), Buried reports: The implications of the politics of contempt of Arab education in Israel. In D. Avnon (Ed.), Civic education in Israel (pp. 106–641). Tel Aviv: Am Oved. (Hebrew)
- Alferson B., Dubi T., & Stackerman D. (2006), To be citizens in Israel, in a Jewish and democratic state. (Hebrew)
- Alhaj M. (1995), The Arab in Israel: Status – Questions and expectations of the teacher. Haifa: Haifa University. (Hebrew)
- Alhaj M. (2000), Identity and orientation among the Arabs in Israel: A situation of double periphery. In R. Gabizon & D. Hacker (Eds.), The Jewish Arab division in Israel: A reader (pp. 13–34). Jerusalem: The Israeli Institute for Democracy. (Hebrew)
- Amara S. (2014), The Hand-in-Hand Bilingual education model: Vision and challenges. In: S. Dunitze-Schmidt & A. Inbar-Loria (Eds.), Issues in language teaching in Israel (pp. 73–76). Tel-Aviv: Mofet Institute.
- Arar H., & Ibraheem P. (2016), In the midst of conflicting expectations: Strategies for education for Palestinian Arab national identity in the Arab schools in the north of Israel. Opinion, 10, pp. 101–135. (Hebrew)
- Bar On M. (2011), Narratives of conflict. Studies in the Revival of Israel, 21. (Hebrew)
- Ben Amos A., & Bat El I. (1999), Rituals, education, and history: Holocaust Remembrance Day and Memorial Day in the schools in Israel. In R. Paldachi &
- E. Atkas (Eds.), Education and history; Cultural and political contexts (pp. 457–479). Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center for the Research of the History of the Jewish People. (Hebrew)
- Ben Rafael A., & Ben Haim L. (2007), Jewish identities in the post-modern era. The Open University. (Hebrew)
- Benstein J. (2005), Between Earth Day and Land Day: Palestinian and Jewish environmentalisms in Israel. In S. Schoenfeld (Ed.), Palestinian and Israeli Environmental Narratives (Proceedings of a conference held in association with the Middle East Environmental Futures Project). Centre for International and Security Studies York University, Toronto, Ontario.
- Center for Educational Technology (2006). Terminology in Civics. (Hebrew)
- Connerton P. (1989), How societies remember. Cambridge University Press.
- Declaration of Independence. Retrieved from: http://www.knesset.gov.il/docs/heb/megilat.htm. (Hebrew)
- Dinor B. (1953), Speech on the discussion on the State Education Law: Knesset Statements, 27, Session 2, Meeting 22, p. 252, June. (Hebrew)
- Fraser T.G. (2015), The Arab-Israeli conflict (4th edition). London.
- Ghanem A. (2001), The Palestinian-Arab minority in Israel, 1948–2000: A political study. Albany: State University of New York Press.
- HaKnesset (2019), Memorial Day for Fallen Soldiers of Israel and Victims of Terrorism. Retrieved from: <https://main.knesset.gov.il/About/Occasion/Pages/MemorialDayIntro.aspx> (Hebrew)
- Hand in Hand (2019). Hand in Hand. Retrieved from: http://www.handinhandk12.org/.
- Handelman D., & Katz E. (1995), State ceremonies of Israel: Remembrance Day and Independence Day. In S. Deshen, C.S. Liebman, & M. Shokeid (Eds.), Israeli Judaism: The sociology of religion in Israel. Transaction Publishers.
- Haviv, A., Beckerman, Z., & Bilu, Y. (2011), Memorial Day and Nakba Day in the bilingual school in Israel: Encounter between identities in conflict. Trends: Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 47, pp. 3–4. (Hebrew)
- Hertz‐Lazarowitz R. (2019), Arab and Jewish youth in Israel: Voicing National Injustice on Campus. The Social Psychology of Neoliberalism, 75(1).
- Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day Law, 1959. (Hebrew)
- Independence Day Law, 1949. (Hebrew)
- Jamal A. (2005), On patterns of establishment of national inequality in Israel. In A. Bareli, D. Gotwin, & T. Priling (Eds.), Society and economy in Israel: A historical and contemporary look (pp. 145–182). Sdeh Boker: Ben-Gurion Institute for Research of Israel. (Hebrew)
- Kelman H.C. (2018), Transforming the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: From mutual Negation to reconciliation. P. Matter & N. Caplan (Eds.). New York.
- Lamberger D. (2019), Land Day. Website: Civics for the high school matriculation certificate: Jewish and democratic state in the test of reality. Gesher Educational Projects. Retrieved from the website: https://lib.civics.cet.ac.il/pages/item.asp?item=20402 (Hebrew)
- Lavi E. (2016), The Palestinian Arab Society in the State of Israel: A time for change of strategy in the processes of inclusion and equality. Tel Aviv: The Institute for Research into National Security.
- Lumsky-Peder E. (2003), From an agent of national memory to a local community of grief: Remembrance Day ceremony in the schools in Israel. Trends: Journal for the Behavioral Sciences, 42(3). (Hebrew)
- Masalha N. (2008), Remembering the Palestinian Nakba: Commemoration, oral history and narratives of memory. Holy Land Studies, December, 7(2), pp. 123–156.
- Masalha N. (2012), The Palestine Nakba: Decolonising History, Narrating the Subaltern, reclaiming memory, London: Zed Books.
- Memorial Day for the Fallen Soldiers of Israel Law, 1963. (Hebrew)
- Memorial Day for the IDF Fallen, Book of Laws 393, 1963. (Hebrew)
- Osazki-Lazer S., & Jabrin Y. (Eds.) (2016), Conditional citizenship, equality, and harmful legislation. Pardes. (Hebrew)
- Peres Y., & Ben Rafael A. (2006), Closeness and argument: Divisions in Israeli society. Tel Aviv: Am Oved. (Hebrew)
- Rouhana N. (1997), Palestinian citizens in an ethnic Jewish state: Identities in conflict. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
- Samooha S. (2012), Do not break the instruments: Measure of Arab-Jewish relations in Israel. The Israeli Institute for Democracy. (Hebrew)
- Smith A.D. (1991), National identity. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press.
- Sorek T. (2015), Palestinian Commemoration in Israel: Calendars, monuments, and martyrs. Stanford University Press.
- Vated-Huri K. (2008), Implications of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on the role of the Arab teacher in the State of Israel. In the College, 21, pp. 263–284. (Hebrew)
- Zohar S. (2010), The prohibition to teach the Nakba in the Arab education system in Israel. The Electronic Journal of Adalah. 74, August/September. (Hebrew)