“When the Stars are Glittering with Gold up in the Sky...”. Jewellery Metaphors in Descriptions of the Sky Phenomena in Roman Literature
PDF (English)

Słowa kluczowe

astronomical literature

Jak cytować

Piętka, R. (2017). “When the Stars are Glittering with Gold up in the Sky.”. Jewellery Metaphors in Descriptions of the Sky Phenomena in Roman Literature. Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae Et Latinae, 27(3), 275–291. https://doi.org/10.14746/sppgl.2017.XXVII.3.15


The paper traces the use of metaphors and comparisons concerning jewellery in the descriptions of the sky in Roman literature, most of all in poetry. As it is shown in the paper, many of those poetic devices served as a means highlighting the vividness and perfection of the natural sky phenomena. Analysis of jewellery imagery helps also to demonstrate the occurrence of some changes in descriptive conventions and aesthetic attitudes in Roman literature.

PDF (English)


Apulejusz z Madaury. O bogu Sokratesa i inne pisma. Transl. and ed. by K. Pawłowski. 2002. Warszawa.

Gajusz Waleriusz Flakkus. Argonautyki. Ksiąg osiem. Transl. and ed. by S. Śnieżewski. 2004. Kraków.

Katullus. Poezje. Transl. by A. Świderkówna. Ed. by J. Krókowski. 1956. Wrocław–Kraków.

Manilius. Astronomica. Transl. and ed. by G.P. Goold. 1992. London.

Algra 1999: Algra, K. 1999. “The Beginnings of Cosmology.” In The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy. Ed. by A. A. Long. Berkeley.

Allers 1944: Allers, R. 1944. “Microcosmus. From Anaximandros to Paracelsus.” Traditio 2: 319–407.

Arnheim 1974: Arnheim, R. 1974. Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye. Berkeley–London.

Bajoni 2004: Bajoni, M. G. 2004. “Gli Astronomica di Manilio come rappresentazione politica dello spazio celeste.” Latomus 63: 98–107.

Baldry 1952: Baldry, H. C. 1952. “Who invented the Golden Age?” Classical Quarterly 2: 83–92.

Bartol 1997: Bartol, K. 1997. “Rydwany Słońca: Mimnermos, Stezychor i inni.” In Studia nad kulturą antyczną. Ed. by J. Rostropowicz. Opole.

Brady 1998: Brady, E. 1998. “Imagination and the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56.2: 139–147.

Brady 2003: Brady, E. 2003. Aesthetics of the Natural Environment. Edinburgh.

Bugaj 1991: Bugaj, R. 1991. Hermetyzm. Wrocław–Warszawa.

Buttmann 1820: Buttmann, Ph. 1820. Über das Elektron, In Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Berlin aus den Jahren 1818–1819 (Historisch-philologische Klasse). Berlin.

Clarke 2003: Clarke, J. 2003. Imagery of Colour and Shining in Catullus, Propertius, and Horace. New York.

Conger 1922: Conger, G. P. 1922. The Emergence of Microcosmic Theories in the Greek and Graeco-Roman World. In Theories of Macrocosms and Microcosms in the History of Philosophy. Ed. by G. Conger. New York.

Derrida 1974: Derrida, J. 1974. “White Mythology: Metaphor in the Text of Philosophy.” Transl. by F.C.T. Moore. New Literary History 6: 5–74.

Derrida 1982: Derrida, J. 1982. “White Mythology: Metaphor in the Text of Philosophy.” In Margins of Philosophy. Ed. by J. Derrida. Transl. by A. Bass. Chicago.

Eco 1987: Eco, U. 1987. Arte e bellezza nell’estetica medievale. Milano.

Finkelberg 1998: Finkelberg, A. 1998. “On the History of the Greek kÒsmoj.” HSCPh 98: 103–136.

Frazer 1994: Frazer, J. G. 1994. The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion (a new abridgement from the second and third editions). Oxford.

Gallagher 2001: Gallagher, R. L. 2001. “Metaphor in Cicero’s De Re Publica.” Classical Quarterly 51: 509–519.

Gee 2001: Gee, E. 2001. “Cicero’s Astronomy.” Classical Quarterly 51: 520–536.

Gombrich 1971: Gombrich, E. 1971. “Visual Metaphors of Value in Art.” In Meditations on a Hobby Horse and Other Essays on the Theory of Art by E. Gombrich. London–New York3.

Graves 1992: Graves, R. 1992. The Greek Myths (complete edition). London.

Guthrie 1967: Guthrie, W. K. C. 1967. “Man’s Role in the Cosmos. Man the Microcosm: The Idea in Greek Thought and its Legacy to Europe.” In The Living Heritage of Greek Antiquity. Hague.

Halleux 1974: Halleux, R. 1974. Le problème des métaux dans la science antique. Paris.

Hermann 2001: Hermann, M. 2001. Obraz nieba gwiaździstego w literaturze rzymskiej epoki augustowskiej. Kraków.

Hermann 2007: Hermann, M. 2007 Metaforyka astralna w poezji rzymskiej. Kraków.

Hübner 1984: Hübner, W. 1984. “Manilius als Astrologe und Dichter.” ANRW II 32.1.

Jonas 2001: Jonas, H. 2001. The Cosmos in Greek and Gnostic Evaluation. In The Gnostic Religion by H. Jonas. Third edition. Boston.

Laks 1999: Laks, A. 1999. “Soul, Sensation, and Thought.” In The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy. Ed. by A. A. Long. Berkeley.

Landolfi 1991: Landolfi, L. 1991. “Manilio e la gerarchia delle stelle (Astr. 5. 734–745).” Prometheus 17: 247–258.

Le Boeuffle 1977: Le Boeuffle, A. 1977. Les noms latins d’astres et de constellations. Paris.

Long 1999: Long, A. A. 1999. “The Scope of Early Greek Philosophy.” In The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy. Ed. by A. A. Long. Berkeley.

Montanari Caldini 1976: Montanari Caldini, R. 1976. “L’astrologia nella traduzione Aratea di Germanico.” SIFC 48: 29–117.

Olerund 1951: Olerud, A. 1951. L’idée de Macrocosmos et de Microcosmos dans le Timée de Platon. Étude de mythologie comparée. Uppsala.

Ortony, Fainsilber 1989: Ortony, A., Fainsilber, L. 1989. “The Role of Metaphors in Descriptions of Emotions.” In Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing. Ed. by Y. Wilks. Hillsdale.

Piętka 2005: Piętka, R. 2005. Kaliope i Urania. Rzymskie poematy astronomiczne. Poznań.

Piętka 2009: Piętka, R. 2009. “Mikro- i makrokosmos w starożytności – od presokratyków do Ojców Kościoła.” In Makrokosmos versus Mikrokosmos. Ed. by A. Magowska. Poznań.

Reale 1989: Reale, G. 1989. “Lessico e indice-repertorio dei principali concetti inerenti alla filosofia antica.” In Storia della filosofia antica. Volume V: lessico, indici e bibliografia by G. Reale. Co-oper. by R. Radice. Milano.

Rzepińska 1983: Rzepińska, M. 1983. Historia koloru w dziejach malarstwa europejskiego. Warszawa.

Sacchetti 1993: Sacchetti, L. 1993. “La luminosità del cielo e degli astri negli Astronomica di Manilio: osservazioni terminologiche e stilistiche.” In Manilio, fra poesie e scienza. Atti di convegno di Lecce 14–16 maggio 1992. Ed. by D. Liuzzi. Lecce.

Salemme 1983: Salemme, C. 1983. Introduzione agli Astronomica di Manilio. Napoli.

Santini 1977: Santini, C. 1977. Il segno e la tradizione in Germanico scrittore. Roma.

Schavernoch 1983: Schavernoch, H. 1983. “Die Krone der Ariadne.” AW 14: 36–52.

Semanoff 2006: Semanoff, M. 2006. “Astronomical Ecphrasis.” In Musa Docta. Recherches sur la poésie scientifique dans l’Antiquité. Ed. by Ch. Cusset. Saint-Étienne.

Traglia 1984: Traglia, A. 1984. “Germanico e il suo poema astronomico.” ANRW II 32.1.

Vernant 1982: Vernant, J.-P. 1982. The Origins of the Greek Thought. Ithaca–New York.

Volk 2009: Volk, K. 2009. Manilius and his Intellectual Background. Oxford.

Wagenvoort 1996: Wagenvoort, H. 1996. “La Toison d’Or.” In Mélanges d’archéologie et d’histoire offerts à André Piganiol. Ed. by R. Chevallier. Vol. III. Paris.

Wright 1995: Wright, M. R. 1995. “Macrocosm and Microcosm.” In Cosmology in Antiquity by M. Wright. London.

Zanker 1987: Zanker, G. 1987. Realism in Alexandrian Poetry: A Literature and Its Audience. London.