Wyprawa Cyrusa i odwrót Dziesięciu Tysięcy w przekazie Diodora (14.19–31; 37.1–4): Przekład i komentarz

Słowa kluczowe

Diodorus Siculus
Cyrus the Younger
The Ten Thousand
Ephorus of Cyme
Ctesias of Cnidus

Jak cytować

Głogowski, P. (2018). Wyprawa Cyrusa i odwrót Dziesięciu Tysięcy w przekazie Diodora (14.19–31; 37.1–4): Przekład i komentarz. Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae Et Latinae, 28(1), 5–32. https://doi.org/10.14746/sppgl.2018.XXVIII.1.1


The author presents the first Polish translation of the section of the work by Diodorus Siculus devoted to the expedition of Cyrus the Younger and the Retreat of the Ten Thousand (Diod. 14.19–31; 37.1–4). The translation is supplemented by the commentary, which focuses mainly on the problem of the sources exploited by the direct source of Diodorus in this part of his work – Ephorus of Cyme. Therefore, the basic aim of the commentary is to display the similarities and differences between the narrative of Diodorus and the Anabasis of Xenophon and other sources, e.g. Persica by Ctesias of Cnidus.


Teksty źródłowe, przekłady

Bennett, Bonnet 1997: Diodore de Sicile, Bibliothèque Historique. Livre XIV, ed. E.R. Bennett, M. Bonnet, Paris 1997.

Green 2010: Diodorus Siculus, The Persian Wars to the Fall of Athens. Books 11–14.34 (480–401 BCE), transl. P. Green, Austin 2010.

Oldfather 1954: Diodorus Siculus, Library of History. Volume VI. Books 14–15.19, transl. C.H. Oldfather, Cambridge, MA–London 1954.


Anderson 1974: J.K. Anderson, Xenophon, New York 1974.

Basset 1999: S.R. Bassett, The Death of Cyrus the Younger, „Classical Quarterly” XLIX (1999),473–483.

Basset 2002: S.R. Basset, Innocent Victims or Perjurers Betrayed? The Arrest of the Generals in Xenophon’s Anabasis, „Classical Quarterly” LII (2002), 447–461.

Bigwood 1983: J.M. Bigwood, The Ancient Accounts of the Battle of Cunaxa, „The American Journal of Philology” CIV (1983), 340–357.

Briant 2002: P. Briant, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, trans. P.T. Daniels, Winona Lake 2002.

Brown 1986: T.S. Brown, Menon of Thessaly, „Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte” XXXV (1986), 387–404.

Bux 1927: E. Bux, Sophainetos, RE III A1: 1008–1013.

Cawkwell 1972: G. Cawkwell, Introduction, w: Xenophon. The Persian Expedition, trans. R. Warner, London–New York 1972, 9–48.

Cawkwell 2004: G. Cawkwell, When, How and Why did Xenophon Write the Anabasis, w: The Long March. Xenophon and the Ten Thousand, ed. R. Lane Fox, New Haven–London 2004, 47–67.

Cook 1983: J.M. Cook, The Persian Empire, London 1983.

Develin 1989: R. Develin, Athenian Officials 684–321 B.C., Cambridge–New York 1989.

Diller 1952: A. Diller, The Tradition of the Minor Greek Geographers, Lancaster, PA & Oxford 1952.

Donlan, Thompson 1976: W. Donlan, J. Thompson, The Charge at Marathon: Herodotus 6.112, „The Classical Journal” LXXI (1976), 339–343.

Donlan, Thompson 1979: W. Donlan, J. Thompson, The Charge at Marathon Again, „The Classical World” LXXII (1979), 419–420.

Głogowski (w przygotowaniu): P. Głogowski, Źródła Diodora do dziejów Dziesięciu Tysięcy.

Jacoby 1993: F. Jacoby, Die Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker II C. Kommentar zu Nr. 64–105, Leiden–New York–Köln 1993.

Kaliszuk 1996: J. Kaliszuk, Grecy w wyprawie Cyrusa Młodszego, „Meander” LI, 187–198.

Lane Fox 2004: R. Lane Fox, Introduction, w: The Long March: Xenophon and the Ten Thousand, ed. R. Lane Fox, New Haven–London 2004, 1–46.

Lang, Pryce, Vickers 2012: M.L. Lang, F.N. Pryce, M. Vickers, Measures, w: The Oxford Classical Dictionary 4, eds. S. Hornblower, A. Spawforth, Oxford 2012, 917.

Roy 1967: J. Roy, The Mercenaries of Cyrus, „Historia” XVI, 287–323.

Ruzicka 2012: S. Ruzicka, Trouble in the West. Egypt and the Persian Empire, 525–-332 BCE, Oxford–New York 2012.

Stolper 1987: M.W. Stolper, Belšunu the Satrap, w: Language, Literature and History: Philological and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner, ed. F. Rochberg-Halton, New Haven 1987, 283–305.

Stylianou 2004: P.J. Stylianou, One Anabasis or Two?, w: The Long March. Xenophon and the Ten Thousand, ed. R. Lane Fox, New Haven–London 2004, 68–96.

Tripodi 2012: B. Tripodi, Paphlagonian horseman in Cunaxa (Xenophon Anabasis I.8.5), w: The Black Sea, Paphlagonia, Pontus and Phrygia in Antiquity: Aspects of archaeology and ancient history, ed. G.R. Tsetskhladze, Lafli–Ergün 2012, 229–233.

von Mess 1906: A. von Mess, Untersuchungen über Ephoros, „Rheinisches Museum für Philologie” LXI (1906), 360–407.

Westlake 1987: H.D. Westlake, Diodorus and the Expedition of Cyrus, „Phoenix” XLI, 241–254.

Wysocki 1996: R. Wysocki, Rola Tissafernesa w ujawnieniu próby zamachu na Artakserksesa II w 404 r. p.n.e., „Meander” LI, 3–12.