Tradycja i innowacja w sztukach Seneki z perspektywy genologicznej: czas i miejsce
PDF (English) (English)

Słowa kluczowe

time and place in Seneca’s plays
tradition and innovation in Seneca’s plays

Jak cytować

Słomak, I. (2022). Tradycja i innowacja w sztukach Seneki z perspektywy genologicznej: czas i miejsce. Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae Et Latinae, 32(2), 87–104.


This article aims to provide a systematic description of Seneca’s approach to the categories of time and place as potentially rooted in the Attic tradition. With regard to these categories, there is indeed a certain generic consistency within the set of preserved serious Greek and Roman plays. The perspective adopted here sheds also light on a number of innovations, which suggest that great caution should be taken when considering the Greek tragedy as a direct or indirect source of inspiration for Seneca.
PDF (English) (English)


Allan 2001: Euripides. The Children of Heracles, introd., ed., comm. by W. Allan, Warminster 2001. DOI DOI:

Barret 2001 (1964): Euripides. Hippolytos, introd., ed., comm. by W.S. Barrett, Oxford 2001 (1964). DOI DOI:

Bond 1981: Euripides. Heracles, introd., ed., comm. by G.W. Bond, Oxford 1981. DOI:

Bowie 2012: A.M. Bowie, Aristophanes, in: Space in Ancient Greek Literature. Studies in Ancient Greek Narrative, ed. by I.J.F. de Jong, Leiden-Boston 2012, 359-373. DOI DOI:

Boyle 1987: Seneca's Phaedra, introd., ed., comm. by A.J. Boyle, Liverpool 1987.

Boyle 2006: A.J. Boyle: An Introduction to Roman Tragedy, London-New York, 2006. DOI DOI:

Boyle 2011: Seneca. Oedipus, introd., ed., comm. by A.J. Boyle, Oxford 2011. DOI DOI:

Boyle 2013 (2008): Octavia Attributed to Seneca, introd., ed. comm. by A.J. Boyle, Oxford 2013 (2008).

Boyle 2014: Seneca. Medea, introd., ed., comm. by A.J. Boyle, Oxford 2014. DOI DOI:

Boyle 2017: Seneca. Thyestes, introd., ed., comm. by A.J. Boyle, Oxford 2017. DOI DOI:

Braun 1997: L. Braun, Die Einheit des Ortes im Hercules Oetaeus, "Hermes" CXXV (1997), fasc. 2, 246-249.

Carandini, Bruno 2008: La casa do Augusto. Dai "Lupercalia" al Natale, Roma-Bari 2008.

Carlson 1984: M. Carlson, Theories of the Theatre. A Historical and Critical Survey, from the Greeks to the Present, Ithaca-London 1984.

Chaumartin 1999: Sénèque. Tragédies, t. II, éd. par F.-R. Chaumartin, Paris 1999.

Coffey, Mayer 1990: Seneca. Phaedra, introd., ed. comm. by M. Coffey, R. Mayer, Cambridge 1990.

Davis 1993: P.J. Davis, Shifting Song. The Chorus in Seneca's Tragedies, Hildesheim-Zürich-New York 1993.

Dinter 2019: The Cambridge Companion to Roman Comedy, ed. by M.T. Dinter, Cambridge 2019. DOI DOI:

Duckworth 1994: G.E. Duckworth, The Nature of Roman Comedy. A Study in Popular Entertainment, Norman 1994(1952).

Else 1957: G.F. Else, Aristotle's Poetics. The Argument, Cambridge, Mass. 1957. DOI DOI:

Fantham 1982: Seneca's Troades, introd., ed., comm. by E. Fantham, Princeton 1982.

Ferri 2003: Octavia. A Play Attributed to Seneca, introd., ed., comm. by R. Ferri, Cambridge 2003.

Finglass 2007: Sophocles. Electra, introd., ed., comm. by P.J. Finglass, Cambridge 2007.

Finglass 2011: Sophocles. Ajax, introd., ed., comm. by P.J. Finglass, Cambridge 2011.

Finglass 2018: Sophocles. Oedipus the King, introd., ed., comm. by P.J. Finglass, Cambridge 2018. DOI DOI:

Fitch 1987: Seneca's Hercules Furens, introd., ed., comm. by J.G. Fitch, Ithaca-London 1987.

Fitch 2004: Seneca. Tragedies, vol. II, ed. by J.G. Fitch, Cambridge, Mass.-London 2004.

Flickinger 1918: R.C. Flickinger, The Greek Theater and Its Drama, Chicago 1918.

Flower 2017: H.I. Flower, The Dancing Lares and the Serpent in the Garden. Religion at the Roman Street Corner, Princeton-Oxford 2017. DOI DOI:

Fraenkel 1962: Aeschylus. Agamemnon, introd., ed., comm. by E. Fraenkel, vol. I-III, Oxford 1962.

Garvie 2002 (1986): Aeschylus. Choephori, introd., ed., comm. by A.F. Garvie, Oxford 2002 (1986).

Garvie 2009: Aeschylus. Persae, introd., ed., comm. by A.F. Garvie, Oxford 2009. DOI DOI:

Giardina 2009: Seneca. Tragedie, vol. II, ed. a cura di G. Giardina, Pisa-Roma 2009.

Ginsberg 2015: L.D. Ginsberg, Tragic Rome? Roman Historical Drama and the Genre of Tragedy, in: Brill's Companion to Roman Tragedy, ed. by G.W.M. Harrison, Leiden-Boston 2015, 216-237. DOI DOI:

Gregory 1999: Euripides. Hecuba, introd., ed., comm. by J. Gregory, Atlanta 1999.

Heil 2013: A. Heil, Die dramatische Zeit in Senecas Tragödien, Leiden-Boston 2013. DOI DOI:

Herington 1961: C.J. Herington, Octavia Praetexta. A Survey, "The Classical Quarterly" XI (1961), fasc. 1, 18-30. DOI DOI:

Hill 2000: D.E. Hill, Seneca's Choruses, "Mnemosyne" LIII (2000), fasc. 5, 561-587. DOI DOI:

Keulen 2001: L. Annaeus Seneca. Troades, introd., ed., comm. by A.J. Keulen, Leiden-Boston-Köln 2001. DOI DOI:

Lloyd 2012: M. Lloyd, Euripides, in: Space in Ancient Greek Literature. Studies in Ancient Greek Narrative, ed. by I.J.F. de Jong, Leiden-Boston 2012, 341-357. DOI DOI:

Lowe 1987: N.J. Lowe, Tragic Space and Comic Timing in Menander's Dyskolos, "Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies" XXXIV (1987), 126-138. DOI DOI:

Lowe 2006: N. Lowe, Aristophanic Spacecraft, in: Playing around Aristophanes, ed. by L. Kozak, J. Rich, Cambridge 2006, 48-64.

Lucarini 2016: C.M. Lucarini, L'ἐκκύκλημα nel teatro greco dell'età classica, "Hermes" CXLIV (2016), fasc. 2, 138-156. DOI DOI:

Lucas 1972: Aristotle. Poetics, introd., ed., comm. by D.W. Lucas, Oxford 1972.

Manuwald 2011: G. Manuwald, Roman Republican Theatre, Cambridge 2011. DOI DOI:

Marshall 2006: C.W. Marshall, The Stagecraft and Performance of Roman Comedy, Cambridge 2006. DOI DOI:

Monteleone 1991: C. Monteleone, Il "Thyestes" di Seneca. Sentieri ermeneutici, Fasano 1991.

Nünlist 2009: R. Nünlist, The Ancient Critic at Work. Terms and Concepts of Literary Criticism in Greek Scholia, Cambridge 2009. DOI DOI:

Owen 1968: W.H. Owen, Commonplace and Dramatic Symbol in Seneca's Tragedies. "Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association" IC (1968), 291-313. DOI DOI:

Owen 1970: W.H. Owen, Time and Event in Seneca's Troades, "Wiener Studien" LXXXIII (1970), 118-137.

Petrides 2010: A.K. Petrides, New Performance, in: New Perspectives on Postclassical Comedy, ed by A.K. Petrides, S. Papaioannou, Cambridge 2010, 79-124.

Rehm 2002: R. Rehm, The Play of Space. Spatial Transformation in Greek Tragedy, Princeton 2002. DOI DOI:

Rehm 2012: R. Rehm, Sophocles, in: Space in Ancient Greek Literature. Studies in Ancient Greek Narrative, ed. by I.J.F. de Jong, Leiden-Boston 2012, 325-339. DOI DOI:

Sapota, Słomak 2020: T. Sapota, I. Słomak, 'Phoenissae', 'Phoenissa', 'Thebais': The Title of Seneca's Phoenician Women, "Philologia Classica" XV (2020), fasc. 1, 88-95. DOI DOI:

Sapota, Słomak 2021: T. Sapota, I. Słomak, Seneca's Phoenician Women - Genre, Structure, Thematic Unity, "Philologia Classica" XVI (2021), fasc. 1, 77-89. DOI DOI:

Scullion 1994: S. Scullion, Three Studies in Athenian Dramaturgy, Stuttgart-Leipzig 1994. DOI DOI:

Shelton 1975: J.-A. Shelton, Problems of Time in Seneca's Hercules Furens and Thyestes. "California Studies in Classical Antiquity" VIII (1975), 257-269. DOI DOI:

Shelton 1978: J.-A. Shelton, Seneca's Hercules Furens. Theme, Structure and Style, Göttingen 1978. DOI DOI:

Schmidt 2014: E.A. Schmidt, Space and Time in Senecan Drama, in: Brill's Companion to Seneca Philosopher and Dramatist, ed. by G. Damschen, A. Heil, Leiden-Boston 2014, 531-546. DOI DOI:

Slaney 2013: H. Slaney, Seneca's Chorus of One, in: Choruses. Ancient and Modern, ed. by J. Billings, F. Budelmann, F. Macintosh, Oxford 2013, 99-116. DOI DOI:

Sommerstein 1989: Aeschylus. Eumenides, ed. by H. Sommerstein, Cambridge 1989.

Stevens 1992: J.A. Stevens, The Chorus in Senecan Tragedy. The Uninformed Informer, diss. Duke University 1992.

Taplin 1977: O. Taplin, The Stagecraft of Aeschylus. The Dramatic Use of Exits and Entrances in Greek Tragedy, Oxford 1977.

Tarrant 1978: R.J. Tarrant, Senecan Drama and Its Antecedents, "Harvard Studies in Classical Philology" LXXXII (1978), 213-263. DOI DOI:

Tarrant 1995: R.J. Tarrant, Greek and Roman in Seneca's Tragedies. "Harvard Studies in Classical Philology" XCVII (1995), 215-230. DOI DOI:

Tarrant 1998 (1985): Seneca's Thyestes, introd., ed., comm. by R.J. Tarrant, Atlanta 1998 (1985).

Weil 1908: H. Weil, Études sur le drame antique, Paris 1908.

Wiles 1997: D. Wiles, Tragedy in Athens. Performance Space and Theatrical Meaning, Cambridge 1997. DOI DOI:

Zanobi 2014: A. Zanobi, Seneca's Tragedies and the Aesthetics of Pantomime, London-New York 2014.

Zwierlein 1966: O. Zwierlein, Die Rezitationsdramen Senecas. Mit einem kritisch-exegetischen Anhang, Meisenheim am Glan 1966.

Zwierlein 1986: L. Annaei Senecae Tragoediae, rec. O. Zwierlein. Oxonii 1986.