Structures argumentales de prédicats N Prép N. Emplois réciproques et non réciproques

Main Article Content

Agnieszka K. Kaliska

Abstrakt

The purpose of this article is to provide the lexical analysis of predicates such as face à face (‘face to face’) and côte à côte (‘side by side’), which are generally reciprocal and symmetric. Some of them are also used in an unusual way, that is, the structures in which they appear do not meet the requirements set for symmetric constructions. This imbalance, as we will show, has for the origin a semantic difference between the arguments x and y which must belong to the same semantic class if we want them to be in a symmetric relation. The question of semantic similarity within the argument structures is thus of greater importance for the semantic completeness of the reciprocal predicates. The question will be for us to recognize if, when a semantic difference occurs, we would have to deal with different (non reciprocal) meanings and if so how to describe them.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Dział
ARTICLES

Bibliografia

  1. Borillo, A. (1971). Remarques sur les verbes symétriques français. Langue Française, 11. Paris : Larousse, 17-31, https://doi.org/10.3406/lfr.1971.5544.
  2. Daladier, A. (1996). Le rôle des verbes support dans un système de conjugaison nominale et l’existence d’une voix nominale en français. Langages, 121. Paris : Larousse, 35-53, https://doi.org/10.3406/lgge.1996.1739.
  3. Dimitriadis, A. (2008). Irreducible symmetry in reciprocal constructions. In : E. König, V. Gast (ed.), Reciprocals and reflexives: theoretical and cross-linguistic explorations. Berlin : De Gruyter Mouton, 375-410, https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199147.375.
  4. Gross, M. (1975). Méthodes en syntaxe. Paris : Hermann.
  5. Gross, M. (1981). Les bases empiriques de la notion de prédicat sémantique. Langages, 63. Paris : Larousse, 7-52, https://doi.org/10.3406/lgge.1981.1875.
  6. Kaliska, A.K. (2018). Wykładniki instrumentalno-sposobowe a struktura semantyczna zdania. Polsko-francuska perspektywa porównawcza. Poznań : Adam Mickiewicz University Press.
  7. Nkollo, M. (2009). Modele syntagmatyczne konstrukcji opartych na nazwach relacji symetrycznych. Poznań : Adam Mickiewicz University Press.
  8. Pasero, R., Sabatier, P., Stéfanini, M.-H. (2010). Syntaxe et sémantique formelle des constructions verbales exprimant des relations symétriques. Langages, 179-180. Paris : Larousse, 115-141, https://doi.org/10.3917/lang.179.0115.
  9. Vetulani, G. (2000). Rzeczowniki predykatywne języka polskiego. Poznań : Adam Mickiewicz University Press.
  10. Winter, Y. (2018). Symmetric predicates and the semantics of reciprocal alternations. Semantics and Pragmatics, 11 (early access version). Cambridge : MIT, 1-48, http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/sp.11.1.
  11. RESEAUGRAPHIE
  12. Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé, https://www.le-tresor-de-la-langue.fr/.
  13. CORPUS
  14. Wikipédia, l’encyclopédie libre (pour les exemples notés : Wiki), https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikip%C3%A9dia:Accueil_principal.
  15. Exemples français notés Internet :
  16. https://www.prixm.org/dieu-images-representation-ancien-testament/ [20 II 2019]
  17. https://books.google.pl/books?id=hVgwBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22deux+face-%C3%A0-face%22&source=bl&ots=flWgt0P5k&sig=ACfU3U3WAxzZHsF3KqEEBJlHiFbcGV9_iw&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjusf3TzMzgAhWqwosKHegdAFIQ6AEwDXoECAEQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22deux%20face-%C3%A0-face%22&f=false [20 II 2019]
  18. https://books.google.pl/books?id=NNPIEuVxqjcC&pg=PA80&lpg=PA80&dq=%22Tr%C3%A8s+%C3%A9mue+Solenne+se+contente+de+l%E2%80%99enlacer+puis+de+l%E2%80%99embrasser.+Ils+marchent+la+main+dans+la+main+dans+les+rues+de+La+Rochelle%22&source
  19. =bl&ots=4OE1l2wq4b&sig=J9fyEh8WMchf6WnoplDbDqEk6hk&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjk8O6KyOLeAhUjBMAKHabKCZIQ6AEwAHoECAAQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Tr%C3%A8s%20%C3%A9mue%20Solenne%20se%20contente%20de%20l%E2%80%99enlacer%20puis%20de%20l%E2%80%99embrasser.%20Ils%20marchent%20la%20main%20dans%20la%20main%20dans%20les%20rues%20de%20La%20Rochelle%22&f=false [20 XI 2018]
  20. https://books.google.pl/books?id=w92SO21XdlkC&pg=PA151&lpg=PA151&dq=Au+matin,+descendus+sans+se+concerter&source=bl&ots=LpqFnr6YNS&sig=ACfU3U1Ojpb2aAL8kfohnO9j2bpv3vowLA&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi1-KqztcvgAhXpposKHbAiB9kQ6AEwAHoECAAQAQ#v=onepage&q=Au%20matin%2C%20descendus%20sans%20se%20concerter&f=false [20 II 2019]
  21. https://books.google.pl/books?id=w92SO21XdlkC&pg=PA151&dq=Au+matin,+descendus+sans+se+concerter&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwijuovCyOLeAhUFCSwKHWNpDDsQ6AEILTAA#v=onepage&q=Au%20matin%2C%20descendus%20sans%20se%20concerter&f=false [20 XI 2018]
  22. https://books.google.pl/books?id=oz86BgAAQBAJ&pg=PA62&dq=%22Tandis+qu%E2%80%99ils+marchent+c%C3%B4te+%C3%A0+c%C3%B4te,+il+ose+lui+prendre+la+main.+La+jeune+fille+y+est+sensible%22&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi4uqD5yOLeAhXKWSwKHc-1DcoQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=%22Tandis%20qu%E2%80%99ils%20marchent%20c%C3%B4te%20%C3%A0%20c%C3%B4te%2C%20il%20ose%20lui%20prendre%20la%20main.%20La%20jeune%20fille%20y%20est%20sensible%22&f=false [20 XI 2018]
  23. http://www.envoix.fr/chanter-jouer/27-quand-tu-marches-dans-mes-pas.html [20 XI 2018]
  24. https://books.google.pl/books?id=4aQMAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA37&dq=%22L%E2%80%99importation+des+esclaves+et+les+progr%C3%A8s+du+christianisme+dans+la+population+%22&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4jsqzyeLeAhUIh6YKHe1wBFkQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=
  25. %22L%E2%80%99importation%20des%20esclaves%20et%20les%20progr%C3%A8s%20du%20christianisme%20dans%20la%20population%20%22&f=false [20 XI 2018]
  26. https://books.google.pl/books?id=-_9cAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA47&dq=%22dirait+deux+amants+qui+marchent+c%C3%B4te+%C3%A0+c%C3%B4te+et+la+main+dans+la+main&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj97qPnyeLeAhWGlSwKHR0iDvsQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=%22dirait%2
  27. deux%20amants%20qui%20marchent%20c%C3%B4te%20%C3%A0%20c%C3%B4te%20et%20la%20main%20dans%20la%20main&f=false [20 XI 2018]
  28. http://chroniquesdemadoka.eklablog.com/saga-yakouba-jeunesse-beaux-livres-a133349492 [20 XI 2018]
  29. https://www.lemonde.fr/sciences/article/2013/11/25/l-homme-nez-a-nez-avec-l-ours_3520007_1650684.html [20 XI 2018]
  30. https://www.cnews.fr/france/2018-08-23/pyrenees-un-randonneur-se-retrouve-nez-nez-avec-uneourse-791913 [20 XI 2018]
  31. https://www.lci.fr/insolite/video-nez-a-nez-avec-un-requin-blanc-2018118.html [20 XI 2018]
  32. https://cimtchau.ca/nouvelles/elle-tombe-face-face-avec-un-polaire/ [20 XI 2018]