Learner variables in the development of intercultural competence: A synthesis of home and study abroad research

Main Article Content

Zia Tajeddin
Neda Khanlarzadeh
Hessameddin Ghanbar

Abstract

To provide insights into a wide array of individual learner variables implicated in intercultural education in home and study abroad contexts, this study systematically reviewed the effects of such variables on the development of intercultural competence. The corpus consisted of 56 journal articles published over the past two decades (2000-2020). The purpose of this study was to explore: (a) learner variables that were described in research on intercultural competence, including, inter alia, their age, gender, first language (L1) background, proficiency level, and attitudinal orientations; (b) settings in which learners’ intercultural development was studied, including both home contexts and study abroad contexts; and (c) effects of learner variables on the development of their intercultural competence. The results of this synthesis indicate that a growing number of studies have started to document intercultural instruction in both home and study abroad contexts. They show how learner variables were considered in conducting these studies and how variation in these variables impacted the effectiveness of instruction that targeted intercultural competence. The findings can considerably broaden our understanding of both opportunities and constraints in intercultural education in terms of learner variables and in particular variables that make the most contribution to intercultural development in home and study abroad contexts.

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How to Cite
Tajeddin, Z., Khanlarzadeh, N., & Ghanbar, H. (2022). Learner variables in the development of intercultural competence: A synthesis of home and study abroad research. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 12(2), 261-301. https://doi.org/10.14746/ssllt.2022.12.2.5
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Articles
Author Biographies

Zia Tajeddin, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Zia Tajeddin is Professor of Applied Linguistics at the Department of English Language Teaching, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. His research interests center on L2 pragmatics, intercultural education, and teacher education in EIL/ELF.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0430-6408

Contact details: Department of English Language Teaching, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Jalal Ale-Ahmad Highway, Tehran, Iran (tajeddinz@ modares.ac.ir; zia_tajeddin@yahoo.com)

Neda Khanlarzadeh, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

Neda Khanlarzadeh is a PhD candidate in applied linguistics at Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran. Her areas of interest are discourse studies, second language pragmatics, and (intercultural) teacher education.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8369-9467

Contact details: Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Persian Literature and Foreign Languages, Allameh Tabataba’i University, South Allameh Street, Saadatabad, Tehran, Iran (nedakhanlarzadeh@yahoo.ca)

Hessameddin Ghanbar, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Hessameddin Ghanbar is Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics at Islamic Azad University, Fereshtegaan International Branch, Tehran, Iran. His areas of interest include meta-analysis and research synthesis in L2 research.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8895-3791

Contact details: Islamic Azad University, Fereshtegaan International Branch, Iran Zamin, Shahrak Gharb, Tehran, Iran (hessam.ghanbar@gmail.com)

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