AbstractIn this article I would like to look briefly at the background to the concept of enthusiasm, its evolution from earlier understandings in the domain of religion to its modern understandings as expressed by various lexicographic sources. This will lead me to the major focus of the article, which is the various applications of enthusiasm in education. Not surprisingly, there is a large body of empirical studies on teacher and learner enthusiasm and its contribution to successful teaching and learning. A selection of studies is presented here and their results are discussed. The empirical part of this article looks at my own qualitative study of pre-service EFL teachers’ narratives and their perceptions of teacher enthusiasm and its impact on teaching and learning success, as seen from their own perspective. In the concluding part I suggest how teacher training should incorporate ideas on teacher enthusiasm and strategies to deploy them as prospective weapons in preventing professional burnout in teachers. As Churchill said, “success is not final... Failure is not fatal... it´s the courage to continue that counts.” I strongly believe that it is enthusiasm that gives us courage to continue.
Abrams, D. (1990). Play in work: Childish hedonism. American Behavioral Scientist, 33(3), 353-374.
Anderson, L. M., Holt-Reynolds, D., (1995). Prospective teachers´ beliefs and teacher education pedagogy. Research based on teacher educator´s practical theory. Retrieved from http://ncrtl.msu.edu/http/reports/html/pdf/rr956.pdf
Anderson, T., Rourke, L., Garrison, D., & Archer, W. (2001). Assessing teaching presence in a computer conferencing context. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 5(2), 1-17.
Babad, E., (2007). Nonverbal behaviour in education. In J. A. Harrigan, R. Rosenthal, & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), The new handbook of methods in nonverbal behaviour research (pp. 283-211). New York: Oxford University Press.
Bauer, C. F. (2002). What students think – College students describe their high school chemistry class. The Science Teacher, 69, 52-55.
Bettencourt, E. M., Gillett, M. H., Galland, M. D., & Hull, R. E. (1983). Effects of teacher enthusiasm training on student on-task behaviour and achievement. American Educational Research Journal, 20, 435-450.
Bloch, P. (19860. Product enthusiasm: Many questions, a few answers. NAAdvances in Consumer Research, 13, 539-543.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York: Harper Collins.
Collins, M. L. (1978). Effects of enthusiasm training on preservice elementary teachers. Research in Teacher Education, 29(1), 63-67.
Dean, J. (2005). The effective primary school classroom: The essential guide for new teachers. New York: Routledge/Falmer.
Dörnyei, Z. (2001). Teaching and researching motivation. Harlow: Pearson Education Enthusiasm. (2010). In The American heritage dictionary of the English language (4th edition). Houghton Mifflin.
Enthusiasm. (n.d.). In The free dictionary by Farlex. Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/enthusiasm on 1 September 2013
Feldman, K. A. (2007). Identifying exemplary teachers and teaching. Evidence from student ratings. In R. P. Perry & J. C. Smart (Eds.), The scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education – An evidence-based perspective (pp. 93-143). Dordrecht: Springer.
Frenzel, A. C. M., Goetz, T., Lƾdtke, O., Pekrun, R & Sutton, R. E. (2009). Emotional transmission in the classroom: Exploring the relationship between teacher and student enjoyment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101(3), 705-716.
Gabryś-Barker, D. (2012). Reflectivity in pre-service teacher education. A survey of theory and practice. Katowice: University of Silesia Press.
Hargreaves, A. (2000). Mixed emotions: Teachers’ perceptions of their interactions with students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 16, 811-826.
Keller, M. (2011). Teacher enthusiasm in physics instruction (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
Keller, M., Neumann, K., Fischer, H. E. (2013). Teacher enthusiasm and student learning. In J. Hattie & E. Anderman (Eds.), International guide to student achievement (pp. 247-250). New York, NY: Routledge.
Killen, R. (2006). Effective teaching strategies: Lessons from research and practice. Melbourne: Thomson Social Science.
Kunter, M., Tsai, Y. M., Klusmann, U., Runner, M., Krauss, S., & Baumert, J. (2008). Students’ and mathematics teachers’ perceptions of teacher enthusiasm and instruction. Learning and Instruction, 18(5), 468-482.
Kunter, M., Frenzel, A., Nagy, G., Baumert, J., Pekrun, R. (2011). Teacher enthusiasm: Dimensionality and context specificity. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 36(4), 289-301.
Lunsford, S. (2011). Teacher enthusiasm scale. Retrieved from www.Christine´sTeacherEnthusiamScale.doc on 2 September 2013
Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper.
Metcalfe, A., & Game, A. (2006). The teacher´s enthusiasm. The Australian Educational Researcher, 33(3), 91-106.
Mottet, T. P., & Beebe, S. A. (2000). Emotional contagion in the classroom. An examination of how teacher and student emotions are related. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED447522)
Murphy, C. A. & Walls, R. T. (1994, April). Concurrent and sequential occurrences of teacher enthusiasm behaviours. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans. Retrieved from http://localhost../../../../articles/u/p/l/WikEd. (ED 375 128)
Noels, K. A. (2001). Learning Spanish as a second language: Students’ orientations and perceptions of teachers’ communicative style. Language Learning, 51, 107-144.
OECD. (2005). Teachers matter: Attracting, developing and retaining effective teachers. OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2012). Teaching in focus: What can be done to support new teachers. Retrieved from www.oecd.org on 18 May 2014.
Patrick, B. C., Hisley, J., & Kempler, T. (2000). “What´s everybody so excited about?”: The effects of teacher enthusiasm on student intrinsic motivation and vitality. The Journal of Experimental Education, 68(3), 217-236.
Rodgers, C., & Raider-Roth, M. (2006). Presence in teaching. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and practice, 12(3), 265-287.
Rosenshine, B. (1970). Enthusiastic teaching. A research review. The School Review, 78(4), 499-514.
Rosenshine, B., & Furst, N. (1971). Research on teacher performance criteria. In B. O. Smith (Ed.), Research in teacher education: A symposium (pp. 37-72). Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice-Hall.
Sanders, P., & Gosenpud, J. (1986). Perceived instructor enthusiasm and student achievement. Developments in Business Simulation and Experiential Exercises, 13, 52-55.
Stewart, R. A. (1989). Interaction effects of teacher enthusiasm and student notetaking on recall and recognition of lecture content. Communication Research Reports 6(2), 84-89. Retrieved from https://222litreview.wikispaces.com/file/view/Stewart%2C+1989+-+Interaction+Effects+%28Effects%29.pdf/260232252/Stewart%2C+1989+-+Interaction+Effects+%28Effects%29.pdf
Stronge, J. H., (2007). Qualities of effective teachers. New York: ASCD.
Travers, Ch. J., & Cooper, C. L. (1996). Teachers under pressure: Stress in the teaching profession. London: Routledge.
Tucker, S. (1972). Enthusiasm: A study in semantic change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Unal, Z., & Unal, A. (2012). The impact of years of teaching experience on the classroom management approaches of elementary school teachers. International Journal of Instruction, 5(2), 41-60.
Urban, H. (2008). Lessons from the classroom: 20 things good teachers do. Michigan: Great Lessons.
1.1 The Author hereby warrants that he/she is the owner of all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in the Work and that, within the scope of the present Agreement, the paper does not infringe the legal rights of another person. The owner of the copyright work also warrants that he/she is the sole and original creator thereof and that is not bound by any legal constraints in regard to the use or sale of the work.
1.2. The Publisher warrants that is the owner of the PRESSto platform for open access journals, hereinafter referred to as the PRESSto Platform.
2. The Author grants the Publisher non-exclusive and free of charge license to unlimited use worldwide over an unspecified period of time in the following areas of exploitation:
2.1. production of multiple copies of the Work produced according to the specific application of a given technology, including printing, reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means (reprography) and digital technology;
2.2. marketing authorisation, loan or lease of the original or copies thereof;
2.3. public performance, public performance in the broadcast, video screening, media enhancements as well as broadcasting and rebroadcasting, made available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them;
2.4. inclusion of the Work into a collective work (i.e. with a number of contributions);
2.5. inclusion of the Work in the electronic version to be offered on an electronic platform, or any other conceivable introduction of the Work in its electronic version to the Internet;
2.6. dissemination of electronic versions of the Work in its electronic version online, in a collective work or independently;
2.7. making the Work in the electronic version available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, in particular by making it accessible via the Internet, Intranet, Extranet;
2.8. making the Work available according to appropriate license pattern Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) as well as another language version of this license or any later version published by Creative Commons.
3. The Author grants the Publisher permission to reproduce a single copy (print or download) and royalty-free use and disposal of rights to compilations of the Work and these compilations.
4. The Author grants the Publisher permission to send metadata files related to the Work, including to commercial and non-commercial journal-indexing databases.
5. The Author represents that, on the basis of the license granted in the present Agreement, the Publisher is entitled and obliged to:
5.1. allow third parties to obtain further licenses (sublicenses) to the Work and to other materials, including derivatives thereof or compilations made, based on or including the Work, whereas the provisions of such sub-licenses will be the same as with the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons sub-license or another language version of this license, or any later version of this license published by Creative Commons;
5.2. make the Work available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, without any technological constraints;
5.3. appropriately inform members of the public to whom the Work is to be made available about sublicenses in such a way as to ensure that all parties are properly informed (appropriate informing messages).
6. Because of the royalty-free provision of services of the Author (resulting from the scope of obligations stipulated in the present Agreement), the Author shall not be entitled to any author’s fee due and payable on the part of the Publisher (no fee or royalty is payable by the Publisher to the Author).
7.1. In the case of third party claims or actions for indemnity against the Publisher owing to any infractions related to any form of infringement of intellectual property rights protection, including copyright infringements, the Author is obliged to take all possible measures necessary to protect against these claims and, when as a result of legal action, the Publisher, or any third party licensed by the Publisher to use the Work, will have to abandon using the Work in its entirety or in part or, following a court ruling in a legal challenge, to pay damages to a third party, whatever the legal basis
7.2. The Author will immediately inform the Publisher about any damage claims related to intellectual property infringements, including the author’s proprietary rights pertaining to a copyrighted work, filed against the Author. of liability, the Author is obliged to redress the damage resulting from claims made by third party, including costs and expenditures incurred in the process.
7.3. To all matters not settled herein provisions of the Polish Civil Code and the Polish Copyright and Related Rights Act shall apply.