Main Article Content
1.1 The Author hereby warrants that he/she is the owner of all the copyright and other intellectual property rights in the Work and that, within the scope of the present Agreement, the paper does not infringe the legal rights of another person. The owner of the copyright work also warrants that he/she is the sole and original creator thereof and that is not bound by any legal constraints in regard to the use or sale of the work.
1.2. The Publisher warrants that is the owner of the PRESSto platform for open access journals, hereinafter referred to as the PRESSto Platform.
2. The Author grants the Publisher non-exclusive and free of charge license to unlimited use worldwide over an unspecified period of time in the following areas of exploitation:
2.1. production of multiple copies of the Work produced according to the specific application of a given technology, including printing, reproduction of graphics through mechanical or electrical means (reprography) and digital technology;
2.2. marketing authorisation, loan or lease of the original or copies thereof;
2.3. public performance, public performance in the broadcast, video screening, media enhancements as well as broadcasting and rebroadcasting, made available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them;
2.4. inclusion of the Work into a collective work (i.e. with a number of contributions);
2.5. inclusion of the Work in the electronic version to be offered on an electronic platform, or any other conceivable introduction of the Work in its electronic version to the Internet;
2.6. dissemination of electronic versions of the Work in its electronic version online, in a collective work or independently;
2.7. making the Work in the electronic version available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, in particular by making it accessible via the Internet, Intranet, Extranet;
2.8. making the Work available according to appropriate license pattern Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) as well as another language version of this license or any later version published by Creative Commons.
3. The Author grants the Publisher permission to reproduce a single copy (print or download) and royalty-free use and disposal of rights to compilations of the Work and these compilations.
4. The Author grants the Publisher permission to send metadata files related to the Work, including to commercial and non-commercial journal-indexing databases.
5. The Author represents that, on the basis of the license granted in the present Agreement, the Publisher is entitled and obliged to:
5.1. allow third parties to obtain further licenses (sublicenses) to the Work and to other materials, including derivatives thereof or compilations made, based on or including the Work, whereas the provisions of such sub-licenses will be the same as with the Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons sub-license or another language version of this license, or any later version of this license published by Creative Commons;
5.2. make the Work available to the public in such a way that members of the public may access the Work from a place and at a time individually chosen by them, without any technological constraints;
5.3. appropriately inform members of the public to whom the Work is to be made available about sublicenses in such a way as to ensure that all parties are properly informed (appropriate informing messages).
6. Because of the royalty-free provision of services of the Author (resulting from the scope of obligations stipulated in the present Agreement), the Author shall not be entitled to any author’s fee due and payable on the part of the Publisher (no fee or royalty is payable by the Publisher to the Author).
7.1. In the case of third party claims or actions for indemnity against the Publisher owing to any infractions related to any form of infringement of intellectual property rights protection, including copyright infringements, the Author is obliged to take all possible measures necessary to protect against these claims and, when as a result of legal action, the Publisher, or any third party licensed by the Publisher to use the Work, will have to abandon using the Work in its entirety or in part or, following a court ruling in a legal challenge, to pay damages to a third party, whatever the legal basis
7.2. The Author will immediately inform the Publisher about any damage claims related to intellectual property infringements, including the author’s proprietary rights pertaining to a copyrighted work, filed against the Author. of liability, the Author is obliged to redress the damage resulting from claims made by third party, including costs and expenditures incurred in the process.
7.3. To all matters not settled herein provisions of the Polish Civil Code and the Polish Copyright and Related Rights Act shall apply.
- Aronin, L., & Singleton, D. (2008). The complexity of multilingual contact and language use in times of globalization. Conversarii. Studi Linguistici, 2, 33-47.
- Aronin L., & Singleton, D. (2010). Affordances and the diversity of multilingualism. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 205, 105-129.
- Aronin, L., & Singleton, D. (2012). Multilingualism. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
- Byrne, D. (1997). Complexity theory and social research. Social Research Update, (18). Retrieved from http://www.soc.surrey.ac.uk/sru/SRU18.html
- Capra, F. (2005). Complexity and life. Theory, Culture and Society, 22, 33-44.
- Cenoz, J. (2009). Towards multilingual education: Basque educational research in international perspective. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
- Cilliers, P. (1998). Complexity and postmodernism: Understanding complex systems. London: Routledge.
- Dewaele, J.-M. (2010). Multilingualism and affordances: Variation in self-perceived communicative competence and communicative anxiety in French L1, L2, L3 and L4. IRAL, 48, 105-129.
- Edwards, J. (1994). Multilingualism. London: Routledge.
- Fishman, J. (1965). Who speaks what language to whom and when? La Linguistique, 2, 67-88.
- Fractal (n.d.). In Thefreedictionary. Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/fractal
- Gibson, J. J. (1977). The theory of affordances. In R. E. Shaw & J. Bransford (Eds.), Perceiving, acting, and knowing (pp. 67-82). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Gibson, J. J. (1979/1986). The ecological approach to visual perception. Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
- Good, J. (2007). The affordances for social psychology of the ecological approach to social knowing. Theory and Psychology, 17, 265-295.
- Guttierrez, X. L., Salgado, A. F., Fernandez, I. S., & Berg, H. C. (2007). Language use and language attitudes in Galicia. In D.Lasagabaster & Á. Huguet (Eds.), Multilingualism in European bilingual contexts: Language use and attitudes (pp. 40- 64). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
- Haugen, E. (1972). The ecology of language. In A. S. Dill (Ed.), Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Heft, H. (2001). Ecological psychology on context: James Gibson, Roger Barker, and the legacy of William James’s radical empirism. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Herdina, P., & Jessner, U. (2002). A dynamic model of multilingualism: Perspectives of change in psycholinguistics. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
- Hornberger, N. (2002). Multilingual language policies and the continua of biliteracy: An ecological approach. Language Policy, 1, 27-51.
- Hufeisen, B., & Neuner, G. (Eds.). (2004). The plurilingualism project: Tertiary language learning – German after English. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
- Huguet, Á.(2007) Language use and language attitudes in Catalonia. In D. Lasagabaster & Á. Huguet (Eds.), Multilingualism in European bilingual contexts: Language use and attitudes (pp. 17-39). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
- Igbaria, N. (2010). Field-work task (Unpublished document). Oranim Academic College of Education, Tivon, Israel.
- Järvinen, H.-M. (n.d.). What has ecology to do with CLIL? An ecological approach in content and language integrated learning. In D. Marsh, P. Mehisto, D. Wolff, R. Aliaga, T. Asikainen, M. J. Frigols-Martin, G. Langé (Eds.), CLIL practice: Perspectives from the field. Retrieved from http://lici.utu.fi/materials/ICPJ_art_21.pdf
- Jessner, U. (2006). Linguistic awareness in multilinguals: English as a third language. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
- La Page, R. (1998). ‘You can never tell where a word comes from’: Language contact in a diffuse setting. In P. Trudgill & J. Cheshire (Eds.), The sociolinguistic reader: Vol. 1. Multilingualism and variations. (pp. 66-89). London: Arnold.
- Larsen-Freeman, D. (1997). Chaos/complexity science and second language acquisition. Applied Linguistics, 18, 141-65.
- Larsen-Freeman, D. (2002). Language acquisition and language use from a chaos/complexity theory perspective. In C. Kramsch (Ed.), Language acquisition and language socialization. Ecological perspectives (pp. 33-46). London: Continuum.
- Larsen-Freeman, D. (2006). The emergence of complexity, fluency, and accuracy in the oral and written production of five Chinese learners of English. Applied Linguistics, 27, 590-619.
- Lasagabaster, D. (2007). Language use and language attitudes in the Basque Country. In D. Lasagabaster & Á. Huguet (Eds.), Multilingualism in European bilingual contexts: Language use and attitudes (pp. 65-89). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
- Marx, N. (2007). Interlinguales Erschließen von Texten in einer unbecannten germanischen Fremdsprache. Zeitschrift für Fremdsprachenforschung, 18(2), 165-182.
- Markmcdermott (2010, March 5). Feral (wild) Russian child Oxana Malaya (dog child). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=93HymGXC_wM
- Otwinowska-Kasztelanic, A. (2009). Language awareness in using cognate vocabulary: The case of Polish advanced students of English in the light of the theory of affordances. In J. Arabski & A. Wojtaszek (Eds.), Neurolinguistic and psycholinguistic perspectives on SLA (pp. 175-190). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
- Otwinowska-Kasztelanic, A. (2011). Awareness and affordances: Multilinguals versus bilinguals and their perceptions of cognates. In G. De Angelis & J.-M. Dewaele (Eds.), New trends in crosslinguistic influence and multilingualism research (pp. 1-18). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
- Rindler-Schjerve, R., & Vetter, E. (2007). Linguistic diversity in Habsburg Austria as a model for modern European language policy. In J. ten Thije & L. Zeevaert (Eds.), Receptive multilingualism: Linguistic analyses, language policies and didactic concepts (pp. 49-70). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
- Safont Jordà, M. P. (2007). Language use and language attitudes in the Valencian community. In D. Lasagabaster & Á. Huguet (Eds.), Multilingualism in European bilingual contexts: Language use and attitudes (pp. 90-113). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
- Scarantino, A. (2003). Affordances explained. Philosophy of Science, 70, 949-961.
- Segalowitz, N. (2001). On the evolving connections between psychology and linguistics. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 21, 3-22.
- Singleton D., & Aronin, L. (2007). Multiple language learning in the light of the theory of affordances. Innovation in Language Teaching and Learning, 1, 83-96.
- Van Lier, Leo. 2007. Action-based teaching, autonomy and identity. Innovation in Language Teaching and Learning, 1, 46-65.