Ocena użyteczności języka ojczystego (polskiego) w uczeniu się gramatyki języków obcych (angielskiego i rosyjskiego): wyniki badań


Aleksandra Wach
Marina Jakowlewa-Pawlik


This article reports a study which gathered Polish learners’ opinions about the usefulness of L1-based techniques in learning L2 English and L3 Russian grammar. The results reveal a negative correlation between the length of study and the level  of positive evaluations of the usefulness of L1-based clues. Although L1 was generally considered more useful in learning Russian, the evaluations differed considerably in relation to particular structures in both languages.


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